Understand Fast English | Practise With Me!

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2022-02-15„ÉĽ 10354

mmmEnglish channel


Can you understand fast-talking native English speakers? ūüėÖ Practise fast English with me in this pronunciation lesson! Download the lesson workbook ūüĎČūüŹľ https://learn.mmmenglish.com/connectedspeech In this lesson, I‚Äôm sharing all the secrets to fast English, so that you can understand fast-talking native English speakers easily, and improve your spoken English, so you sound more natural when you speak! Read the full transcript of this lesson on my blog here: https://www.mmmenglish.com/2022/02/15/understand-fast-english/ ---------- TIMESTAMPS ---------- 0:00 Fast English 01:49 Hey Lady! 02:23 Consonant-Vowel Linking 11:31 Consonant-Consonant Linking 18:13 Vowel-Vowel Linking #mmmEnglish #UnderstandNativeSpeakers #FastEnglish #ConnectedSpeech #EnglishTeacher #YouTubeTeacher #EnglishWithEmma - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - HEY LADY! ūüôč‚Äć‚ôÄÔłŹ Helping women to succeed in English! https://bit.ly/hey-lady-trial Build fluency and confidence in a supportive women-only community where you will: Practise having real conversations with real people! Get support and guidance from our amazing coaches! Meet and make friends with English-speaking women around the world. Have fun, stay motivated and above all - ENJOY speaking English! ‚ú® Hey Lady! is the NEW way to experience English and build the fluency you need for success! If you are a woman, or you identify as a woman, and you have an intermediate to advanced level of English, you are welcome to join. ūüėćGet started today with a 10-day FREE trial! Click here ūüĎČ https://bit.ly/hey-lady-trial - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Want mmmMore? Find me here! mmmEnglish Website: http://bit.ly/mmmEnglish‚Äč On Facebook: http://bit.ly/mmmEnglishFB‚Äč On Instagram: http://bit.ly/mmmEnglishInsta‚Äč SUBSCRIBE ‚ě°ÔłŹ http://bit.ly/Subscribe2mmmEnglish -------

Instruction

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00:00
Well hey there I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!
00:04
Are you ready for today's lesson?
00:07
You are about to learn all of the secrets to help you understand
00:11
fast-talking native English speakers.
00:14
I want you to think back to the last time that you sat down
00:18
to watch an English movie
00:20
or maybe your favourite English TV series.
00:23
Have you been to the cinemas to watch the new Matrix movie?
00:26
Or maybe you've watched The Sex and the City reunion recently?
00:31
Or whatever else you're into. You've got your popcorn,
00:35
you've got your soft drink, you're looking forward to this show right
00:39
but then you start watching...
00:48
Come again?
00:50
Today you are going to learn exactly what native English speakers
00:54
do to speak fast so that you can understand more English
00:59
and so that you can sound more natural when you speak English
01:02
as well. There's lots to go through in this lesson
01:05
so I've created you a free worksheet so that you can go through
01:09
all of the pronunciation points that I explain in this lesson today.
01:14
There are some really common phrases and expressions to help
01:17
you practise out loud with me.
01:20
Make sure you click on the link down in the description below,
01:23
right below this video. Go and get that worksheet right now.
01:27
We're gonna watch my complete lessons about connected speech,
01:32
the secret to understanding fast-talking native English speakers.
01:37
Make sure you're ready to practise out loud with me,
01:40
that's what it's all about.
01:42
Let's get into it.
01:48
Hey Lady! is an online community where women from around the
01:52
world meet to practise speaking English together.
01:56
It's the easiest way to find English-speaking friends
01:59
and to get regular practice, the practice that you need to speak
02:03
English confidently and fluently. Hey Lady! is a safe and supportive
02:07
space for women with an intermediate to advanced
02:11
level of English.
02:12
Come and visit us at heylady.io and discover the
02:16
English-speaking version of you today.
02:24
I want you to loosen up, let your hair down and go with the flow
02:29
because you just won't hear a native English speaker say
02:35
I have got an awesome lesson for all of you today.
02:40
no no no no no.
02:41
In English, words bump into each other,
02:47
sometimes sounds change
02:52
new sounds can get added in
02:57
and sometimes sounds are dropped or just completely eliminated.
03:05
Natural pronunciation is not something that you can see,
03:08
you can't read it in a sentence and know exactly how
03:11
a native English speaker would say it.
03:14
So speaking naturally is really only a skill that you can develop
03:19
through practice by listening to native English speakers
03:24
and by trying it yourself
03:28
and that is exactly what we're going to do today.
03:30
We'll take a close look at linking, an important part of
03:34
natural pronunciation and I'll explain how it works,
03:38
where it happens and how you can use linking to reduce
03:42
your accent and sound more natural when you speak English.
03:45
Linking is an important part of connected speech in English
03:50
and there are three main categories to it.
03:53
Consonant to vowel linking.
03:56
Consonant to consonant linking.
03:58
And vowel to vowel linking.
04:00
Now if you haven't subscribed to the channel yet,
04:02
please do, click the subscribe button and the bell
04:06
so that I can tell you when the next lesson is ready.
04:10
And if you need to, just turn on the subtitles down there too.
04:14
The most important thing when talking about linking in English
04:19
is that we're talking about sounds, not letters.
04:24
Sounds that you can hear but not the letters that you can see
04:30
and this is really important to keep in mind.
04:33
We're talking about consonant sounds linking to vowel sounds
04:38
in quite particular situations.
04:41
When a word ends in a consonant sound and it's
04:44
followed by a word that starts with a vowel sound,
04:48
we can link them.
04:51
Trip over.
04:55
Hang out.
04:59
Clean up.
05:04
Consonant to vowel linking happens all the time
05:07
with phrasal verbs like this.
05:10
Now what happens all the time in English is that a word that ends
05:15
in a vowel letter on paper
05:18
can sometimes end in a consonant sound when spoken.
05:23
Can you think of any examples of this?
05:27
If you can write some of them in the comments.
05:30
They like it loud.
05:33
So here, like and it can link together.
05:38
Now if we just look at the spelling, like ends in E, a vowel letter.
05:45
But the E is silent in this word so like actually ends in a /k/ sound,
05:52
a consonant sound, like.
05:56
So with linking sounds
05:58
don't look for the letters, listen for the sounds.
06:01
This is the first clue to help you link words together
06:05
when you're speaking English.
06:07
All right, let's keep going.
06:09
With consonant to vowel linking the sounds blend,
06:13
they push together and this is how native English speakers
06:17
speak so quickly. We push our words together because it makes it
06:21
so much quicker and so much easier to say them.
06:25
When one word ends with a consonant sound and the next word
06:29
starts with the vowel sound, we can push them together.
06:32
The two sounds come together so that they flow.
06:36
Would you like a slice of cake?
06:40
Say it with me.
06:42
Would you like a slice of cake?
06:45
So can you tell me,
06:46
looking at this sentence where there is a word
06:49
that ends in a consonant sound followed by one that
06:53
starts with a vowel sound?
07:01
There are two examples here.
07:04
Like a and slice of.
07:10
Both of these vowels are unstressed so the sound actually
07:15
reduces to a schwa sound
07:17
and if you're not sure about what a schwa sound
07:20
is then check out this video next, it will explain everything.
07:25
But the /k/ sound from the end of like joins with the vowel schwa,
07:33
like a.
07:38
Hear how quick that is when you push those sounds together?
07:42
Like a.
07:43
There's no space between these sounds.
07:46
Don't take a breath, don't do anything like that,
07:49
just combine the two sounds together until they roll smoothly from the
07:54
/k/ to the sound so it becomes like one word.
08:00
Like a.
08:08
Now slice of follows the same rules. You blend the /s/ from the
08:15
end of slice and connect it to the schwa sound at the start of
08:21
of
08:22
which is pronounced of.
08:26
And so it's smooth and connected, moving from one to the other.
08:30
Slice of.
08:34
Would you like a slice of cake?
08:38
Okay so I think the rules are pretty clear here.
08:41
Consonant sounds at the end of a word link to a word
08:46
following that starts with a vowel sound. Simple.
08:49
But I'm going to put a sentence right here on the screen
08:52
and then I want you to listen to me say each sentence,
08:55
listen carefully because I want you to listen to how these
08:59
words connect. Look at the sentence, listen to me say it
09:03
and try and work out where this linking can happen.
09:07
You can write it in the comments so that it looks like this
09:11
using little dashes to link those words together.
09:15
Okay, ready.
09:16
It's hot today.
09:19
Okay.
09:20
She ate a piece of toast with avocado.
09:27
Where are the linking opportunities?
09:34
Ate a.
09:38
Piece of.
09:40
Ate a piece of.
09:42
She ate a piece of..
09:45
She ate a piece of toast with avocado.
09:51
Did you get those?
09:53
Did you hear how those sounds push together so the words
09:56
move together in your sentence.
09:58
Now speed it up, I want you to say it with me. Are you ready?
10:03
She ate a piece of toast with avocado.
10:11
Nice one.
10:13
Okay.
10:14
Did you get a new assignment?
10:17
Say it with me.
10:19
Did you get a new assignment?
10:22
So where in this question can we link words together?
10:35
Get a, for sure. Get a.
10:39
And new assignment.
10:43
Did you get a new assignment?
10:51
Remember that this is part one, there's more coming. 
10:55
And while it may seem complicated at first,
10:58
this kind of linking is quite straightforward when you slow down
11:02
and you think about it.
11:04
You'll notice that lots of small and very common words start with
11:09
vowels, prepositions, articles, conjunctions.
11:13
These are all great places to start
11:16
practising linking and connected speech.
11:19
Remember to practise with your ears by imitating and copying
11:23
a native English speaker. This is a really great way to improve
11:27
your linking sounds and your natural expression.
11:31
Today we are going to concentrate on
11:34
consonant to consonant linking.
11:39
Small lake.
11:42
So here we have a word that ends in the consonant sound
11:47
and the word following also starts in the same consonant sound
11:52
so it makes sense to pull together these sounds right
11:56
so that they become one, it's much easier.
12:00
Small lake.
12:03
There's no pause there at all, no break in the sound.
12:07
It's just one continuous sound.
12:10
Small lake.
12:16
I went to Japan.
12:18
Went to.
12:24
I went to Japan.
12:26
Do you like my stylish shirt?
12:31
Stylish shirt.
12:37
Do you like my stylish shirt?
12:42
Now this all seems pretty straightforward, right?
12:46
Consonant followed by the same consonant.
12:49
You can push them together and make the sound flow quickly
12:53
without pausing between those two sounds.
12:56
Now there are some consonants that can link to different
13:00
consonants which is a little unusual but when that happens
13:05
the sound changes. It creates a different consonant sound.
13:10
So let's look at an example.
13:12
Would you buy it?
13:17
Now let's speed that up a bit to regular pace.
13:21
Would you buy it?
13:27
So can you hear that /d í/ sound in there?
13:30
Would you.
13:34
Now if we just say would by itself there's no /d í/ sound.
13:39
There's also no /j/ in you either, right?
13:44
So the D at the end of the word would
13:48
can link to the you at the start of you but when we do this
13:53
it creates a new sound. The /d í/ sound.
13:58
So actually in any situation where one word ends in a /d/
14:02
and it's followed by a word that starts with a /u/,
14:06
often it can combine to create the /d í/ sound.
14:11
Would and you, would you.
14:16
Could you?
14:17
Should you?
14:20
Did you?
14:22
Had you?
14:26
Do you?
14:28
Do you wanna?
14:34
So as the auxiliary verb do reduces down
14:38
to just the /d/ sound here
14:40
we can also link it just like the other examples to say:
14:45
Do you wanna?
14:49
And check out how that too reduces down to the schwa sound.
14:54
Instead of too, it's
14:57
The schwa is another important feature of fast connected speech
15:02
in English, in spoken English.
15:04
So if you need to check out what the schwa is,
15:07
maybe have a reminder, this whole lesson here focuses on
15:12
the schwa sound. It's a good one to watch next.
15:14
Now there is another exception that we need to talk about here.
15:20
Those times when a word ends in a /t/ sound
15:24
and it's also followed by the /j/ sound.
15:28
So there is a change in these sounds when we link them together.
15:32
The sounds /t/ and /j/
15:35
together can create / ą É/
15:40
Did she hit you?
15:52
Don't you have one?
15:56
Don't you becomes don't you.
16:00
Don't you have one?
16:02
Didn't you?
16:04
Can't you?
16:07
See? There are so many really common word combinations there,
16:12
ones that you can definitely start practising
16:15
right now today even in simple conversations.
16:19
And there you have it!
16:20
They are the simple principles of consonant to consonant linking
16:24
in spoken English but now
16:28
I think we should practise a little.
16:30
Do you want to practise a little with me now?
16:34
She hates sandwiches with avocado.
16:39
So here in this sentence the /s/ at the end of hates
16:43
pulls together with the /s/ from sandwiches.
16:47
Hates sandwiches.
16:49
And the TH sound can link to the following vowel sound.
16:54
With avocado.
17:00
Did you get a new watch?
17:08
Where can we link here?
17:12
You're right!
17:14
Did you.
17:16
We can link there. We can link get a.
17:21
New watch.
17:23
Did you get a new watch?
17:30
She's always saying she'll live to a hundred and one.
17:40
Where can we link?
17:43
She's always, definitely.
17:46
She's always saying.
17:52
She'll live.
17:56
Hundred and.
18:00
So there's a cheeky little vowel to vowel link in there too by the way
18:04
if you know about those.
18:06
To a.
18:11
But that's the next lesson.
18:12
This is quite an advanced pronunciation lesson but I absolutely
18:17
recommend that you keep watching even if you don't
18:20
consider yourself an advanced student because understanding
18:25
how sounds influence each other and change in spoken English
18:30
will allow you to be aware of it,
18:32
it will allow you to hear connected speech when you're listening
18:36
to native speakers and help you to understand them more easily.
18:40
The way that native English speakers speak is just not perfect.
18:46
You won't hear a sentence where each word is perfectly
18:51
separated, well unless you're talking to Siri.
18:55
Hey Siri,
18:57
How old are you?
18:59
I am as old as the eastern wind
19:01
and as young as a newborn caterpillar.
19:04
And I'll show you how to link vowel sounds to vowel sounds
19:09
in spoken English and this can be a little tricky
19:13
so before we get started I need you to relax.
19:17
Don't worry about how these words are normally spoken,
19:21
just take it easy, listen to the sounds
19:25
and just try to copy the sounds that I make.
19:27
When we link consonants, we often connect or blend
19:33
or even sometimes change sounds into new sounds.
19:38
But linking vowel to vowel sounds is a little different.
19:43
We actually add
19:45
a new sound, a consonant sound
19:48
to link two vowel sounds together
19:51
which might sound a little crazy. I get that.
19:56
Emma, isn't the whole point of connected speech to make it easier
20:00
and faster to say a sentence?
20:02
Yes absolutely and it will make sense soon.
20:08
Once I explain all this to you.
20:11
We link vowel sounds when one word ends in a vowel sound
20:14
and the next word begins with a vowel sound.
20:18
It can feel kind of awkward or strange to link two vowel sounds.
20:23
It's not very natural.
20:35
It feels kind of strange, right? A little uncomfortable.  
20:38
When we link vowel sounds to other vowel sounds, we actually
20:43
add a new sound to make it easier and quicker
20:47
to keep that sound happening.
20:50
All right but these sounds are not written.
20:53
They're - you can't see them and you can't hear them when you say
20:57
each word individually. It's only when they're pushed together.
21:01
Now remember, just because a word ends in a vowel
21:05
doesn't mean that it ends in a vowel sound.
21:09
You've got to be really careful with linking.
21:12
We're talking about sounds, not letters so you need to be
21:16
concentrating. For example, the word make ends in the letter E,
21:21
a vowel but the final sound is a consonant.
21:26
We don't say make,
21:29
we say make.
21:31
It ends in a consonant sound, the /k/ sound.
21:35
The word by ends in a consonant letter but the sound is a vowel
21:41
so we can link by to a word following if it starts with a vowel.
21:46
So don't focus on the letters that you see,
21:49
think about the sounds that you hear.
21:52
Close your eyes if you need to.
21:54
All right, enough talking. Let's look at some examples and
21:58
get going here.
21:59
I asked for two orders of chips.
22:09
Where are the linking opportunities that you see here?
22:12
Any opportunities to link vowel sounds.
22:16
Which words end with a vowel sound and then are followed
22:21
by words that start with a vowel sound.
22:24
I'll give you a few seconds to choose.
22:32
All right there are five vowel sounds at the beginning
22:36
or end of words in this sentence.
22:38
I asked for two orders of chips.
22:42
Now since we're focusing on vowel to vowel linking sound,
22:46
let's forget about of right now.
22:49
That's consonant to vowel linking right there.
22:53
I asked.
22:57
There is an extra sound in there if you can hear it.
23:02
I asked
23:08
We have to pay close attention to the vowel sounds here
23:12
and the position of our mouths as we make this sound. We have
23:16
I asked.
23:24
So we need to move our mouth quite a bit between these two
23:27
vowel sounds
23:31
and when we do that quickly, if we do that really quickly right now
23:42
that /j/ sound naturally occurs as we move quickly between those
23:47
sounds we naturally create that /j/
23:50
sound. It's one continuous sound, there's no break
23:55
between the vowel sounds.
24:01
Let's look at another example.
24:04
Two or three.
24:13
Can you hear that /w/ sound in there?
24:23
The most important thing to keep in mind while you're linking
24:26
sounds together is we're trying to create just one long continuous
24:31
sound. There's no pause, right? The sound flows from one sound
24:36
to the next and when we link vowel sounds, one of these two
24:41
sounds will naturally occur if the sound is unbroken.
24:46
Whether to add the /j/ or the /w/ sound will depend on
24:51
which vowels are being linked.
24:54
So the /j/ sound is added between words that end in the long
24:58
E and words that start with the short A, right?
25:06
Now you could write down and memorise all of these linking
25:10
sounds which is great. I really think that you should just try and
25:13
hear those sounds between the words.
25:16
It's pretty easy to hear the incorrect option or even to feel it
25:20
yourself if you say it out loud. It doesn't make sense to add /w/
25:25
between I asked
25:29
because your mouth has to come into this very tight
25:32
small position, right?
25:34
I asked.
25:40
It doesn't really make sense whereas the /j/ sound helps us to
25:46
flow between
25:47
I asked.
25:52
Let's try a few more examples together. I'm going to say
25:56
two words separately and I want you to link them.
26:00
Say them out loud wherever you are,
26:02
decide whether you need to use the /j/ or the /w/
26:07
sound to link these words, right? You need to say it out loud.
26:11
Ready?
26:12
Three oranges.
26:22
Did you add the /j/ sound?
26:26
That's correct.
26:28
What about high apartment?
26:33
High apartment.
26:38
Again the /j/ sound and notice that high ends with a GH
26:44
but it actually ends with a vowel sound, a little tricky?
26:49
High.
26:52
Do it.
27:01
This one is the /w/ sound. Did you get that?
27:06
She always.
27:16
The /j/ sound.
27:19
One more.
27:20
Go over.
27:29
This all makes sense, right?
27:31
Just practise combining these vowels
27:34
out loud, all right?
27:36
You can say them, you can whisper them, you can
27:38
yell them, whatever makes you say it out loud,
27:42
pull these vowel sounds together
27:45
and practise using those linking sounds
27:49
and while you're at it, can you think of any other examples
27:52
where you can add linking sounds between two vowels?
27:57
If you can think of some examples, add them to the comments.
28:00
Now there's an interesting little rule here for British English
28:03
pronunciation and Australian English pronunciation which is
28:08
how I speak. There's actually a third sound that you can link
28:13
between vowels. The /r/ consonant sound.
28:18
The linking R doesn't occur in American English pronunciation
28:22
because the R consonant sound is always pronounced
28:26
at the end of a word whereas in British English
28:30
or Australian English it's not.
28:34
Let's look at the number four as an example, it's pronounced four
28:39
in American English and four
28:42
in British English or Australian English.
28:45
You don't hear that consonant sound at all.
28:48
Now I talk about these pronunciation differences between
28:51
British and American English in this lesson here
28:54
if you want to go a bit further but the reason why it's important
28:58
now is the /r/ linking sound occurs between vowels in British
29:04
English pronunciation, all right? So look at this example.
29:09
Your eyes.
29:11
Now in British and Australian English pronunciation,
29:14
you don't hear that /r/ sound at the end. When it's pronounced,
29:19
the final sound of that word is a vowel sound. It's
29:25
as in door.
29:27
Your eyes.
29:32
So technically here I'm linking two vowel sounds together.
29:37
Your eyes.
29:38
And we do that with the linking R.
29:42
Let's practise some more.
29:44
Our olives.
29:55
Hear over.
30:05
Now this linking /r/ sound probably makes quite a bit of sense
30:08
to you since the letter itself is actually there
30:12
but I just wanted to highlight how this happens in British English
30:17
and Australian English so let's practise with a few example
30:21
sentences now. Listen for the extra linking sounds
30:26
and try to hear them yourself but I also want you to say
30:30
the sentence out loud. See if you can feel
30:33
which sound is the correct sound.
30:36
Saying it yourself is going to help you to feel that
30:39
transition between the vowel sounds, all right?
30:42
Practise as much as you can out loud and
30:45
as exaggerated as you can.
30:48
She asked her English teacher for help.
31:07
She takes care of her uncle because he's very old.
31:34
They got here the day after you arrived.
31:56
All right there you have it. We've covered three important areas of
32:00
connected speech in English:
32:03
consonant to vowel, consonant to consonant and now
32:08
vowel to vowel. Now you really have a good understanding
32:13
of connected speech in English, how it works, where it happens
32:19
and how you can use linking to speak more fluently
32:24
and to sound more natural as you speak, even speed up
32:28
your speech in some ways.
32:29
So let me know in the comments if you've enjoyed these lessons
32:33
about connected speech and if there are any other pronunciation
32:37
lessons that you want me to teach you.
32:40
Just remember that all of this takes practice.
32:43
You can't expect to just suddenly wake up and perfectly link
32:47
sounds in English, it takes regular practice,
32:51
both your ears and your mouth.
32:54
My imitation lessons are a great place to practise so you can
32:58
test out your linking skills right here in this lesson
33:02
or you can check out that one there which I've picked out
33:05
especially for you.
33:07
I'll see you in there!
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