Can You Pronounce... IT'S DON'T HADN'T YOU'VE AIN'T AREN'T ?

257,286 views

2022-04-26・ 6509

mmmEnglish channel


I’ve got 20 common English contractions to practise with you today! l will teach you how to pronounce it’s, don't, you’ve, weren’t, ain't, aren't, haven’t, wasn't, hadn't and many more - so that you sound more natural when you speak English! Contractions are shortened forms of English words, such as: ☑️ don’t ☑️ it’s ☑️ aren’t ☑️ they’ve ☑️ ain’t ☑️ hasn’t They are extremely common in spoken English, and common in informal written English too. 📝 Learning to *hear* and *use* English contractions is one of the best ways to improve your listening skills and sound more natural when you speak in English! So that is what we are going to do today! Don’t miss the BONUS SPEAKING PRACTICE!! 🤩 I’ve included some conversation practice at the end of this lesson - so you can speak with me! We’ll practise using these contractions fluently, in a useful, everyday conversation between friends. 👯 Practise speaking fluently with me! ---------- CHAPTERS ---------- 0:00 Introduction 01:00 What’s a contraction? 02:15 DON’T 04:10 DOESN’T 05:21 DIDN’T 06:21 BE contractions with AM, IS, ARE 12:04 BE contractions with WAS, WERE 13:36 HAVE & HAS 17:13 HAVEN’T & HASN’T 19:40 HAD & HADN’T 20:34 Speaking Practice! Speak With Me #mmmEnglish #Pronunciation #EnglishContractions #SpeakWithMe #PracticeWithMe #EnglishPronunciation #EnglishSpeakingLesson #EnglishWithEmma Read the full transcript of this lesson on my blog here: https://www.mmmenglish.com/2022/04/27/can-you-pronounce-contractions/ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - HEY LADY! 🙋‍♀️ Helping women to succeed in English! https://bit.ly/hey-lady-trial Build fluency and confidence in a supportive women-only community where you will: ⚡️ Practise having real conversations with real people! ⚡️ Get support and guidance from our amazing coaches! ⚡️ Meet and make friends with English-speaking women around the world. ⚡️ Have fun, stay motivated and above all - ENJOY speaking English! ✨ Hey Lady! is the NEW way to experience English and build the fluency you need for success! If you are a woman, or you identify as a woman, and you have an intermediate to advanced level of English, you are welcome to join. 😍Get started today with a 10-day FREE trial! Click here👉 https://bit.ly/hey-lady-trial - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Take your English skills to the next level: 📚🤓🚀 mmmEnglish Courses 📚🤓🚀 Explore Self-Study English courses here: https://bit.ly/mmmEnglishCourses Or read more below 👀 Prepositions are one of the most frustrating parts of English - but they don’t have to be! I’ve created a course that will help you to master the most common English prepositions - I’ll teach you how to use them in context, study how they are used and (importantly) I’ll help you to practise using them! This course includes grammar lessons PLUS imitation practice (so you get to practise your pronunciation with me too!) Explore our prepositions course here: https://bit.ly/prepositions8x8 👄 Love mmmEnglish imitation lessons? Get HOURS of practice with Emma and complete our imitation training courses! Practise your pronunciation & natural English expressions by imitating a native English speaker. mmmEnglish imitation courses available now: https://bit.ly/mmmEnglishImitationCourse - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Other English Language Tools I recommend! ⭐️Grammarly Grammar Checker: 🤓 Grammarly helps you to see the errors in your writing and your English Grammar by making suggestions and improvements to your writing! Try it for FREE! https://www.grammarly.com/mmmenglish ⭐️Audible 👂📚 Listen to audiobooks to improve your English listening skills (AND your pronunciation!) Listen to thousands of books (all of your favourites are available) Plus… You can try Audible for yourself - get your first audio book absolutely FREE! http://www.audibletrial.com/mmmEnglish Cancel your subscription at any time (but keep your free book forever!) mmmEnglish earns a small commission from affiliates mentioned above. We only promote products and services that we genuinely believe will support our students on their English-learning journey. ❤️ Thank you for your support! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Connect with mmmEnglish Website & Social Media: 🟡Website: http://bit.ly/mmmEnglish 🟢Facebook: http://bit.ly/mmmEnglishFB 🔵Instagram: http://bit.ly/mmmEnglishInsta 👏👏👏 Show your support for Emma & mmmEnglish by subscribing to our channel, liking videos 👍 and commenting to let us know! We love hearing from our students! ❤️ SUBSCRIBE to the MMMENGLISH Channel! ➡️ http://bit.ly/Subscribe2mmmEnglish

Instruction

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00:00
Well, hey there! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish. In this  pronunciation lesson today I'm going to teach you  
00:07
how to pronounce I've, we're, it's didn't and many  more of the most common contractions in spoken  
00:17
English! And at the end, you and I are going to  practise speaking together. We'll practice using  
00:24
these contractions in a short dialogue back and  forth in a regular conversation together. If you  
00:30
want to jump past the pronunciation work and you  want to practise speaking fluently with me in this  
00:36
dialogue you can jump over to that timestamp there  but I recommend that you spend some time with me  
00:43
now warming up your mouth muscles and practising  with me first. If your goal is to sound relaxed  
00:50
and natural when you speak English, you have got  to practice with me in this lesson! Are you ready?
01:01
So, what is a contraction? A shortened  form of a word where there are fewer  
01:06
sounds spoken. For example, the word HAVE  can be heard in an English sentence just as  
01:13
/v/. Most English contractions involve  auxiliary or modal verbs, and these are often  
01:20
unstressed parts of a sentence, so the sounds  change and they reduce they become lower in pitch;  
01:28
harder to hear! You'll hear contractions  used by native English speakers  
01:33
all the time when they speak... Or maybe  you won't because they're actually harder  
01:38
to hear and a little harder to process. But  you can also see them when they're written in  
01:44
informal English and you can usually recognise  them because they have that little apostrophe.
01:53
Which one of these contractions is hardest for  you to pronounce? Or is there another that you  
01:59
find really difficult? Let me know down  in the comments. So, in this lesson we're  
02:04
going to go through all of the contractions  that are made by auxiliary verbs: DO, HAVE,  
02:11
and BE and there are plenty of them! Let's start  with DO - the auxiliary verb in the simple tense. 
02:19
But you'll only hear it spoken as a contraction  when it's used in its negative form:  
02:24
DO NOT which is DON'T
02:32
Now, there are two things that I want you to  notice here. One is that vowel sound changes  
02:38
'OH' DON'T is different to 'OO' DO
02:45
DO DON'T The second is that stop t which is  
02:51
really really common instead of hearing that T  sound, fully aspirated, with that release of air  
02:58
to make the sound the stop t stops it short before  the air is released it's like you catch the sound  
03:07
listen to the difference don't i'm releasing the  air don't or don't don't sometimes my students  
03:20
say to me but emma i can't hear that t it's  not there that's not true because without that  
03:28
stopped t sound that nasally m sound continues  for longer don't compare that to don't don't  
03:41
so that sound is stopped short that's your stopped  t sound i probably could keep talking about that  
03:48
for a while but it's really really common to  hear that stop t in negative contractions and in  
03:55
many other everyday english words that end  in a t sound practice it with me don't don't
04:06
i don't want to go
04:10
what about does not it is way more common to  hear native english speakers say doesn't doesn't  
04:21
doesn't and again you can hear that  stopped t sound right you've also got  
04:28
two syllables there one of them is  stronger than the other can you hear it  
04:33
doesn't doesn't doesn't that first syllable  we've got a few tricky consonant sounds  
04:42
there at the end so you know if you're  feeling a little bit stuck here a little  
04:46
bit tongue-tied why don't you just pause for a  minute and just focus on the end of that word
04:56
i mean really this word is often spoken so quickly  that it sounds like it doesn't doesn't so really  
05:04
just loosen up the muscles in your mouth  don't get stuck trying to be really precise  
05:10
doesn't doesn't doesn't doesn't  he doesn't play football  
05:15
it doesn't matter and then we have our past tense  form did not which is didn't you're right didn't  
05:27
that first d is stronger than the second  one didn't didn't didn't didn't there's that  
05:39
cluster again again i'm using that stop t sound  because that's the most comfortable for me  
05:47
you can choose whether you want to use the  aspirated at the end or not in my accent it's very  
05:54
very common to hear the stop t are you ready to  practice with me i don't like it we don't eat meat
06:05
they don't bother me
06:08
she doesn't want to
06:11
it doesn't matter you didn't call
06:16
he didn't believe me
06:20
okay now let's look at the verb be so in the  present tense it conjugates to am is and are b  
06:31
is a little different because it can be contracted  when it's a main verb as well as when it's an  
06:37
auxiliary verb here's the paper he's coming so  here the be verb is the main verb in our sentence  
06:48
and here it's the auxiliary verb it's making the  continuous tense there are many be contractions  
06:55
to get through so i want to go through them  one by one practice out loud with me i'm i'm
07:06
you're you're remember the pronunciation is  exactly the same as this word here you're  
07:16
and in my accent you don't really hear that er  sound at the end it's just the vowel or all where  
07:27
where and again the pronunciation of this  contraction is just the same as that word  
07:35
there there again exactly the  same as these two he's he's
07:48
she's she's
07:53
it's
07:56
it's it's has a tricky consonant cluster
08:05
it's practice these sentences after me i'm hungry
08:14
you're coming too
08:17
she's gonna win
08:21
it's about to rain okay let's take a  look at the negative forms now with  
08:28
negative contractions with b verb we have two  choices we have two different ways that we can  
08:35
pronounce these contractions you can make the  contraction by linking the be verb to the subject  
08:41
or by linking the be verb to not  let's take a look you are not  
08:50
can be you're not or you aren't oh that's a new  sound there aunt aunt aunt can you hear that
09:06
at the end ah
09:10
aunt we're not we aren't we aren't they're not  
09:23
they aren't they aren't all right let's take  a look at is he's not he isn't that's another  
09:37
new sound we have isn't isn't i know there are a  few tricky consonant clusters there aren't there
09:55
practice practice practice isn't  she's not she isn't it's not
10:07
it isn't now because that that t  sound comes between two vowels it  
10:14
actually sounds a lot more like  a d in my accent can you hear it  
10:20
it isn't it isn't if i slow it down it  isn't it isn't it isn't so to make that the  
10:34
sound i'm just flicking my tongue ever  so quickly up behind my teeth on the gums
10:46
it isn't it isn't it isn't and lastly we have  
10:50
the negative contraction with am  i am not becomes i'm not and i am
11:02
there is only one way to pronounce this  contraction i'm not i am doesn't exist  
11:10
in some dialects you will hear i ain't
11:22
everything you think you know about famous  quotes it ain't so it is really important to  
11:27
know that ain't exists in english and it's going  to help you with your listening comprehension when  
11:33
you're watching movies or you're hearing  different accents or different dialects  
11:38
so even if you don't use it yourself  it's good to know it okay let's practice  
11:44
be verb contractions you after  me you aren't coming are you
11:52
she isn't gonna lose
11:57
they aren't leaving yet
12:00
and of course we have the be verb in the past  tense right was not becomes wasn't wasn't this  
12:12
is often unstressed in our sentences so the sound  really flattens out and it becomes a lot more like  
12:20
wasn't wasn't wasn't it's a lot like  doesn't really doesn't wasn't wasn't  
12:28
to clearly pronounce this word it  needs to be wasn't wasn't wasn't  
12:36
to understand native speakers  especially australians  
12:40
your need to listen out for wasn't wasn't  i wasn't waiting long he wasn't there
12:51
it wasn't raining yesterday
12:54
and of course then we have were not were not  becomes weren't and you'll notice that in my  
13:02
accent i don't pronounce that er sound  in the middle there weren't weren't were  
13:13
and don't be afraid to play around with  that stop t either won't want weren't
13:23
you weren't invited we weren't  planning to go they weren't old enough
13:32
have is our auxiliary verb in the perfect tenses  it's the present perfect isn't it we have have  
13:40
and has they really only get contracted when  they're used as auxiliary verbs like this  
13:47
there are a couple of exceptions to that rule some  dialects maybe they use the contraction when have  
13:53
is the main verb but they're the exceptions it's  not really common to hear i've one of those or  
14:02
he's three in fact he's three has a different  meaning entirely we're using the be verb aren't  
14:10
we and we're saying he is three years old so don't  contract have or has when it's the main verb in a  
14:19
sentence but do contract it when it's an auxiliary  verb it's very natural so you hear have as just  
14:30
what is really important here is that you have  your mouth positioned correctly to make this sound
14:38
you need your teeth touching your lower lip
14:44
let's try out these contractions  together i've i've i've been waiting
14:57
you've you've you've had enough
15:06
we've we've
15:10
we've seen her
15:14
they've they've
15:20
they've eaten it all a little tip there when  some of these contractions can feel a little  
15:27
bit hard when we're practicing out loud and we're  focusing just on the contraction they've eaten  
15:36
if you link that consonant sound to the next word  which is also very very natural in spoken english  
15:44
linking those sounds it's a  little easier to pronounce  
15:49
they've eaten they've eaten they've eaten  when you contract has it sounds like s
16:02
and z they work together they have the same  
16:06
tongue and mouth position but one uses  air to make the sound it's unvoiced
16:14
and the other uses your vocal chords  it's voiced this sound listen out it's  
16:24
it's now because t is an unvoiced sound as well  the sound that is unvoiced follows it's it's  
16:38
now compare that to she's she's now vowel sounds  are all voiced sounds so the sound that follows is
16:51
she's she's okay practice with me ready it's been  broken she's been at school he's asked his mum
17:08
let's look at negative contractions with  have now there are two ways that you can say  
17:14
have not just like with the be verb the first  way is using the contraction that we just learnt  
17:21
and then adding not so we have the subject with  not we've not seen her they've not asked for it  
17:32
the same rules apply for hus we have our subject
17:38
with not it's not been broken he's not  asked his mum now this way of contracting  
17:48
is pretty common in british english  but in australian and american english  
17:54
it's much more common to hear the other way  of contracting has haven't and hasn't now  
18:03
the pronunciation here is quite simple really  we just take the verb have has and we add and
18:20
lucky we did all that practice with  
18:23
right have and has haven't hasn't try these  sentences with me i haven't been to africa
18:39
she hasn't asked her mom yet
18:45
to be honest it really doesn't matter  which type of pronunciation you choose  
18:50
either of them is going to help you to sound  more natural when you're speaking english so  
18:55
i want you to compare we're going to go one  and the other i've not i haven't you've not  
19:05
you haven't we've not we  haven't they've not they haven't
19:18
he's not he hasn't
19:23
she's not she hasn't it's not it hasn't have and  has are in the present tense but there is only  
19:36
one past tense form had so i guess  that makes things a little easier right  
19:43
no matter what the subject we're always  using had not so let's try the contraction
20:00
all right follow along after me  i hadn't eaten so i was hungry
20:10
you hadn't bothered to find out
20:16
we hadn't brought our pillows
20:20
it hadn't rained all day so why was he so drenched
20:31
so we practiced the pronunciation  of lots of common contractions there  
20:36
now let's practice using these contractions a  little more naturally by practicing together  
20:42
in a little dialogue so it's a  conversation between two people  
20:47
you and me i'm gonna start and you'll see  your part of the conversation pop up on screen
20:55
you get to say it out loud  and once we get through it  
20:59
we'll swap places and you'll get to practice the  lines that i said and vice versa are you ready
21:09
aren't you late
21:14
but weren't you meant to pick up dinner on the way
21:24
don't worry kate's bringing dessert  and the johnsons aren't coming anyway
21:35
why don't you just pick up a pizza on the way
21:50
no i'm not late
21:56
what i didn't know that i haven't  got time to organize dinner
22:08
that's right they're away for the weekend
22:16
good idea i've got just enough time if i leave now  well that's it for this lesson let me know down in  
22:23
the comments if you want me to make another lesson  like this all about modal verb contractions or  
22:29
contractions with will they can be a little tricky  as well there are many contractions to learn  
22:35
but you don't need to feel intimidated by them  just show up to practice with me and you'll get  
22:41
familiar with the way that they sound and you'll  start to hear them more you'll recognize them as  
22:47
native speakers are speaking i hope you have a  marvelous week ahead thank you for being here  
22:52
with me today if you enjoyed this lesson make sure  you like the video and you subscribe to um english  
22:59
for more english lessons to help you  practice and improve your english speaking  
23:03
skills speaking of more lessons i've got a  couple for you right here see you in there
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