Learn ALL 10 modal verbs in English: Could, Would, Should, Might

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2022-06-10・ 9569

Speak English With Vanessa channel


Learn all 10 modal verbs with examples and an English modal verb quiz. Which 2 verbs do Americans NEVER use? Find out! Download the free PDF worksheet for this lesson here: http://www.speakenglishwithvanessa.com/free Download my free e-book: "5 Steps To Becoming A Confident English Speaker" http://www.speakenglishwithvanessa.com/free-ebook --------------------------------------------------------------------- English book recommendations: https://www.amazon.com/shop/speakenglishwithvanessa Subscribe and follow on social media! I'd love to meet you! YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=theteachervanessa Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/englishwithvanessa/ Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/speakenglishwithvanessa Send us a postcard from your country: Speak English With Vanessa 825 C Merrimon Ave PMB # 278 Asheville, NC 28804 USA --------------------------------------------------------------------- Speak English With Vanessa helps English learners to speak American English fluently, naturally, and confidently. To become a fluent English speaker and have English conversations with a native English speaker, go to http://www.speakenglishwithvanessa.com

Instruction

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00:00
Hi, I'm Vanessa from SpeakEnglishWithVanessa.com.  
00:05
May, my can, could, should,  would let's talk about it. 
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Hey, what are you up to? I think I might to go to  a party tonight. Huh? There is a problem with this  
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sentence. Does this sound right to you? I might to  go to a party. Yeah, something's wrong with this,  
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but what and why? And how can you say this  correctly so that you can speak real American  
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English. In this lesson, you are going to learn  the most common modal verbs and how to use them  
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accurately in English. You might have learned verb  tenses in English, present, the past, the future  
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well modal verbs are a little bit different. I  want to make sure that you can feel confident  
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using them, and speak real American English. So in this lesson, you will learn the three most  
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important rules about modal verbs. Then we'll have  a little quiz. And at the end of this lesson, I  
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want to teach you six common phrases that include  modal verbs that you can use in daily life. And  
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that you will hear in conversations in movies,  in TV shows so that you can feel comfortable  
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with English. Like always I have created a free  PDF worksheet so that you can remember everything  
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that you're going to learn in this lesson. There  is a link in the description to download that PDF  
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today. You'll see all of the modal verbs,  all of the rules, all of the quiz answers,  
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all of the special phrases that use modal verbs.  And you can answer Vanessa's Challenge Question at  
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the bottom of the PDF worksheet. There's a link in  the description and you can download it right now. 
01:51
So what in the world is a modal verb? Well,  these are the most common, but be careful  
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because in just a minute, I'll tell you two, that  Americans never use. May, might, must, can, will,  
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should, would, and could, these are commonly  used in American English conversations.  
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But there are two that I've heard English learners  use that Americans, I'm going to say never.  
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There's not often a never when it comes to  language, but let's go with it that Americans  
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never use. And they are ought to and shall. Shall  I cook dinner? I ought to cook dinner. Ugh. We  
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never use these in American English. So if  you would like to sound like an American,  
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I recommend not using those verbs. But how can you use the others? Well,  
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let's talk about the three important rules  that you need to know. With regular verbs,  
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you need to change the verb based on the subject  I eat, he eats, but with a modal verb, do not  
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change the modal verb. So you can say, I should  clean my room. Do not say I shoulds, or he  
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shoulds clean his room. The modal verb always  stays the same. I should clean my room, we should  
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clean our room. He should clean his room rule. Number two, the verb directly after the modal verb  
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does not have two. It is not conjugated.  It is just simple. Take a look at this.  
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He might join us for dinner. I didn't say he might  to join us or he might joining us or he might  
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joins us. Nope. Our modal verb might stays the  same, and then the verb directly after that will  
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also stay the same. Don't add to don't add I-N-G.  Take a look at this one. I can help you with that.  
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Can is the modal verb and what's the verb directly  after that help. I can help you with that.  
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I've seen some of my English students say I  can to help you with that, or I can helping  
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with that, but really that word help just needs  to stay by itself, help. I can help you with that. 
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And rule number three with modal verbs is when  you form a question we need to use inversion.  
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What is inversion? Take a look at this. Can I  go to dinner with you? What's the subject here.  
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It's I and our verb is can go. Do you see how  we have switched the subject and the modal verb?  
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The modal verb is going to come first. Can I go  to dinner with you? Will we be late for the movie  
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here? Our modal verb is will, and the  subject is we. And then our extra verb is be,  
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will we be late for the movie? Should  you be doing that? Here we have  
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you is the subject, but what's the first word.  It's the modal verb. So when we form a question,  
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the subject and the verb are switched,  should you be doing that? Probably not. 
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All right, before we go on to some common phrases  that use modal verbs that I would love for you to  
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be able to use in daily life. Let's have a little  quiz to see how much you know, I'm going to be  
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saying a little story with a blank and you need  to choose which one is the best answer. Are you  
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ready? I was going to drive my car to dinner,  but I think it have a flat. I think it mights  
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have a flat or I think it might have a flat. I'll  give you three seconds to think about this answer.  
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I was going to drive my car to dinner,  but I think it might have a flat that's  
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rule. Number one, we do not change the  modal verb. Do not add S just might. 
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Let's continue with the quiz. Hmm, drive. Can you  drive? You can drive. Hmm? Which one is the best?  
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Can you drive? This is rule number three, we're  using inversion. Put the modal verb first,  
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can you drive? I look at it later. I shall look  at it later or I should look at it later. Hmm,  
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which one's the best in American English?  
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I should look at it later. Remember,  Americans don't use shall or ought to. 
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If you agree to drive I you  dinner. If you agree to drive, I  
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will buy you dinner. If you agree to drive, I will  to buy you dinner. Hmm. Which one is the best?  
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If you agree to drive, I will buy you dinner.  This is rule number two, do not add two  
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with this verb just will buy. I will buy  you dinner. I for your movie ticket too  
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since, I'll also need a drive home.  I can pay for your movie ticket too,  
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or I cans to pay for your movie ticket too,  which one feels the best? Three, two, one.  
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I can pay for your movie ticket two. Remember  the modal verb does not change. So it stays can,  
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and you don't need to with a modal verb, I can  pay for your movie ticket. Well, how did you do?  
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I hope you did well on that quiz because  now it's time to take it to the next level. 
08:03
I'd like to introduce you to six common phrases  that are six phrases in American English,  
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that you will hear people use in conversations  and you can use as well. And they all include a  
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modal verb. You may have heard of some of  these before, or they may be new to you.  
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Let's start with the first one. I think I can. I  think I can. I think I can. This phrase is from  
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this book, The Little Engine that Could, that  almost every child in the whole us has read.  
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And we often use this phrase when there's  something difficult or tricky that you're trying  
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to encourage yourself that yes, I can do it. I  think I can. I think I can. I think I can. And  
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this repetition is what makes it from this book  because the little train is trying to go up the  
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hill and it doesn't know if it can do it, but it's  trying to encourage itself. I think I can. I think  
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I can. I think I can. So you can use this as well. The next modal verb phrase is a fun one coulda,  
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shoulda, woulda. What does this mean? These  are all reductions of could have, should have,  
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would have, but in normal conversation,  fast conversation, we reduce this to coulda,  
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shoulda, woulda. We use this when we have done  something that we regret, but we don't want to  
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keep feeling this regret. So we dismiss it with  this phrase. Let's imagine that you have a big  
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exam and you just didn't study enough. You didn't  sleep enough, and the exam does not go well. Well,  
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after the exam, you could beat yourself up. You  could feel really bad about this. Maybe you feel  
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some regret, but you don't want to feel the regret  forever. So you can use this phrase. Oh, I should  
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have studied more. Why didn't I sleep more? Ah,  coulda, shoulda, woulda. Oh, so you're kind of  
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pushing off this stress. I'm not going to let  this worry me, even though I regret what I did. 
10:00
Modal verb phrase, number three is as ready  as I'll ever be. As ready as I will ever be.  
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If someone asks you, are you ready to graduate  college? You could say, Hmm, as ready as I'll  
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ever be. This means that you are prepared. You  don't know if you're 100% ready, but you've done  
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your best. So you could say, yeah. I'm as ready  as I'll ever be. Modal verb phrase number four is  
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I should hope so. I should hope so. Should is our  modal verb, and notice how hope comes directly  
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after that. There's no to, no conjugation.  Just, I should hope so. If somebody drives  
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their car and hits your mailbox, well, they  should pay for your mailbox to be fixed, right?  
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So you could say, well, he's going to pay for it.  I should hope. So this is something you expect.  
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Someone's done something bad to you and you  expect them to make it better. I should hope so. 
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Modal verb, phrase, number five, be careful what  you wish for, it might come true. Our modal verb  
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here is, might notice how the next verb comes  directly after that. Come, it might come true.  
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Well, not everything that you want is really  the best. So be careful what you wish for,  
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it might come true. If somebody says, oh, I just  wish I could be in charge of everything. Nobody  
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knows how to do this project. You might say, Hmm,  be careful what you wish for, it might come true.  
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If you were in charge of this project, it might  be not as great as you imagined. It might come  
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true. And you might not be happy about it. Our sixth and final modal verb phrase that you  
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will commonly hear in daily English conversations  is as luck may have it. As luck may have it.  
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We use this as an interjection in the  middle of a phrase to show that something  
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good and surprising happened. You might say I  got a flat tire in the middle of the highway,  
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but as luck may have it, the man who helped me  fix my tire is the man who I ended up marrying.  
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Okay, so this is destiny. You had a flat tire in  the middle of the highway, terrible place, not a  
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good experience, but as luck may have, it may as  our modal verb and have as the verb directly after  
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that. As luck may have it, the man who helped  me, I ended up marrying what wonderful luck. 
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Well, great work, expanding your mind with these  modal verbs. And now I have a question for you.  
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Can you use one of the modal verbs here on the  screen, in the comments below? Test yourself, try  
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to use them correctly and beautifully, like you're  speaking real American English. And don't forget  
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to download the free PDF worksheet with all of  these rules, sample sentences, questions, ideas,  
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all of the specific fixed phrases that use  modal verbs. All of this is available for you  
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in the free PDF worksheet. There's a link in the  description so that you can download that today.  
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Well, thank you so much for learning English with  me, and I'll see you again next Friday for a new  
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lesson here on my YouTube channel, bye. The next step is to download the free  
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PDF worksheet for this lesson. With this  free PDF, you will master today's lesson  
13:24
and never forget what you have learned. You  can be a confident English speaker. Don't  
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forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel  for a free English lesson every Friday, bye.
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