Free English Class! ๐Ÿƒ๐Ÿง๐Ÿพ Topic: Commands and Orders (Lesson Only)

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2022-02-13ใƒป 2055

Learn English with Bob the Canadian channel


When speaking English, sometimes you need to tell someone what to do. You'll want to learn English phrases that you can use to give commands and orders. A command or order is a verb in the imperative form to tell someone what do to. The cool thing about the imperative is that you don't need to memorize anything in order to use it. It is formed using the verb itself, without the "to" in front of course! In this English lesson I'll help you learn a variety of commands, orders, and requests using the imperative form. You'll learn phrases like Sit down!, Stand up!, Quiet down!, Get lost!, Be quiet!, Relax!, Watch out!, and many more. I hope you enjoyed this free English class about commands and orders! Have a great day! โŒ› Remember: Always watch the video three times. Twice today with English subtitles on, and once tomorrow with the English subtitles off. This will reinforce the English you have learned! -- โœ… Support Me and Get These Members Only Perks: ๐Ÿ˜€๐Ÿ’ฒ If you would like to become a member of my channel here is the link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZJJTxA36ZPNTJ1WFIByaeA/join Becoming a member at every level has these benefits and perks: 1) For 10 minutes during each live stream you will be able to participate in the "Members Only" chat. 2) A cool crown beside your name during live streams and when making comments on videos. 3) Your name in green during live stream lesson chat. 4) You will have access to a members only video each Wednesday called, "Wednesdays with Bob". These are behind the scenes bonus videos with full English transcripts for your listening practice. 5) A full transcript for every Tuesday video. โœ… Join now to receive these perks: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZJJTxA36ZPNTJ1WFIByaeA/join I really appreciate those you that have chosen to thank me in this way! Please only support me if you can afford it! If you prefer to support me via Patreon, here is a link to that page: https://www.patreon.com/bobthecanadian Thank you for your generosity! -- โœ…SEND ME A POSTCARD: Bob the Canadian P.O. Box 419 Smithville, Ontario Canada L0R2A0 -- TAKE YOUR ENGLISH CONVERSATIONS TO THE NEXT LEVEL: โœ…Talk to a real English tutor / teacher at preply: http://tracking.preply.com/SH2X (This is an affiliate, signing up for this service helps support my channel). -- FOLLOW ME: โœ… I have a second Youtube channel right here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCmW5tmKIBrryNf5n-_A6Fmw โœ… Sign up for my email list for regular English lesson practice materials: https://bit.ly/3iW5F7h โœ… P.S. If you are interested I have created a podcast of my shorter English lessons. It is right here: https://www.buzzsprout.com/1310116 -- #englishlesson #learnenglish #bobthecanadian **Note: All images used under: CC0 License โœ“ Free for personal and commercial use โœ“ No attribution required From pexels.com or pixabay.com

Instruction

Double-click on the English captions to play the video from there.

00:00
Well hello and welcome to this free English class. This free
ใ“ใ‚“ใซใกใฏใ€ใ“ใฎ ็„กๆ–™ใฎ่‹ฑ่ชžใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใธใ‚ˆใ†ใ“ใใ€‚ ใ“ใฎ็„กๆ–™ใฎ
00:03
English lesson where I'm going to talk about commands, orders
่‹ฑ่ชžใƒฌใƒƒใ‚นใƒณใงใฏ ใ€ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใ€ๆณจๆ–‡
00:08
and requests in English. I'm going to talk about the things
ใ€ใƒชใ‚ฏใ‚จใ‚นใƒˆใซใคใ„ใฆ่‹ฑ่ชžใง่ฉฑใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚
00:12
you need to say when you tell other people what to do. It
ไป–ใฎไบบใซไฝ•ใ‚’ใ™ในใใ‹ใ‚’ๆ•™ใˆใ‚‹ใจใใซใ‚ใชใŸใŒ่จ€ใ†ๅฟ…่ฆใŒใ‚ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใซใคใ„ใฆ่ฉฑใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚
00:15
might seem obvious that because I'm a teacher I use a lot of
็งใฏๅ…ˆ็”Ÿใชใฎใงใ€ใ“ใ†ใ„ใ†ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใ‚’ใŸใใ•ใ‚“ไฝฟใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใฏ
00:20
phrases like this. I'm often telling people what to do. Um
ๅฝ“ใŸใ‚Šๅ‰ใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใซๆ€ใˆใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ็งใฏใ‚ˆใ ไบบใ€…ใซไฝ•ใ‚’ใ™ในใใ‹ใ‚’่ฉฑใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจ
00:23
but we'll look at ways to rudely tell someone what to do.
ใ€ใงใ‚‚็งใŸใกใฏ ่ชฐใ‹ใซไฝ•ใ‚’ใ™ในใใ‹ใ‚’็„ก็คผใซ่จ€ใ†ๆ–นๆณ•ใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใ„ใใพใ™ใ€‚
00:27
We'll look at how to tell your dog what to do. We'll look at
็งใŸใกใฏใ‚ใชใŸใฎ็Šฌใซไฝ•ใ‚’ใ™ในใใ‹ใ‚’ไผใˆใ‚‹ๆ–นๆณ•ใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใ„ใใพใ™ ใ€‚
00:31
how to other people what to do kindly. How to use it the
ไป–ใฎไบบใซ่ฆชๅˆ‡ใซไฝ•ใ‚’ใ™ในใใ‹ใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใ„ใใพใ™ ใ€‚
00:35
phrases as a request. So welcome to this English lesson
ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใ‚’ใƒชใ‚ฏใ‚จใ‚นใƒˆใจใ—ใฆไฝฟ็”จใ™ใ‚‹ๆ–นๆณ•ใ€‚ ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใฎๆณจๆ–‡ใจใƒชใ‚ฏใ‚จใ‚นใƒˆใซ้–ขใ™ใ‚‹ ใ“ใฎ่‹ฑ่ชžใฎใƒฌใƒƒใ‚นใƒณใธใ‚ˆใ†ใ“ใ
00:39
about commands orders and requests. Um we will be using
ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจ
00:43
what's called the imperative verb form. The imperative verb
ใ€ๅ‘ฝไปคๅ‹•่ฉžๅฝขๅผใจๅ‘ผใฐใ‚Œใ‚‹ใ‚‚ใฎใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ— ใพใ™ใ€‚ ๅ‘ฝไปค
00:48
form is when you tell someone what to do using just the verb
ๅฝขใฎๅ‹•่ฉžใฏ ใ€ๅ‹•่ฉžใ ใ‘ใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ—ใฆไฝ•ใ‚’ใ™ในใใ‹ใ‚’่ชฐใ‹ใซไผใˆใ‚‹ๅ ดๅˆ
00:51
and there's usually an exclamation mark at the end of
ใงใ‚ใ‚Šใ€้€šๅธธใ€ๆ–‡ ใฎๆœ€ๅพŒใซๆ„Ÿๅ˜†็ฌฆใŒใ‚ใ‚Š
00:55
the sentence. So the first phrase I have is the phrase get
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ ็งใŒๆŒใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ๆœ€ๅˆใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใฏใ€ๅ‡บใฆ่กŒใใจใ„ใ†ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใงใ™
00:59
out. By the way I think three or four of the slides today are
ใ€‚ ใกใชใฟใซใ€ ไปŠๆ—ฅใฎใ‚นใƒฉใ‚คใƒ‰ใฎ3ใคใ‹4ใคใฏใ€
01:03
just someone pointing and yelling. Uh when you give a
ใŸใ ่ชฐใ‹ใŒๆŒ‡ๅทฎใ—ใฆ ๅซใ‚“ใงใ„ใ‚‹ใ ใ‘ใ ใจๆ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใ‚ใชใŸ
01:07
command in English you're often raising your voice a little bit
ใŒ่‹ฑ่ชžใงๅ‘ฝไปคใ‚’ๅ‡บใ™ใจใใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ
01:12
if you're saying it in anger or if you are feeling emotional at
ๆ€’ใ‚Šใงใใ‚Œใ‚’่จ€ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ‹ ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใใฎๆ™‚ใซๆ„Ÿๆƒ…็š„ใซๆ„Ÿใ˜ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใชใ‚‰ใฐใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใ—ใฐใ—ใฐใ‚ใชใŸใฎๅฃฐใ‚’ๅฐ‘ใ—ไธŠใ’ใฆใ„ใพใ™
01:16
the time. When you say get out it implies that you are inside
ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๅ‡บใฆ่กŒใใจ่จ€ใ†ใจใ ใ€ใใ‚Œใฏใ‚ใชใŸใŒใŠใใ‚‰ใๅปบ็‰ฉใฎใฉใ“ใ‹ใซใ„ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๆ„ๅ‘ณใ—ใพใ™
01:21
somewhere probably in a building. You can even be like
ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใ‚‚่ฃๅบญใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใซใชใ‚‹ใ“ใจใŒใงใ
01:26
in a backyard. So you're not technically inside but there's
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ๆŠ€่ก“็š„ใซใฏๅ†…้ƒจใซใ„ใพใ›ใ‚“ใŒ
01:29
a fence around you. Uh and if a dog came in your yard. You
ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฎๅ‘จใ‚ŠใซใฏๆŸตใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ ็ŠฌใŒใ‚ใชใŸใฎๅบญใซๆฅใŸใ‚‰ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸ
01:33
might say get out. Um you might even say get out of here. Okay.
ใฏๅ‡บใฆ่กŒใใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจ ใ€ใ“ใ“ใ‹ใ‚‰ๅ‡บใฆ่กŒใ‘ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ‚ใ‹ใฃใŸใ€‚
01:38
Maybe you're watching a TV show and there's a fight at
ใŸใถใ‚“ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใƒ†ใƒฌใƒ“็•ช็ต„ใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใ„ใฆใ€่ชฐใ‹ ใฎๅฎถใงๅ–งๅ˜ฉใŒใ‚ใ‚Š
01:43
someone's house and one person says to the person who's
ใ€ใ‚ใ‚‹ไบบใŒ่จชๅ•ใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ไบบ
01:46
visiting get out or get out of here. Uh that kind of behaviour
ใซใ“ใ“ใ‹ใ‚‰ๅ‡บใฆ่กŒใใ‹ๅ‡บใฆ่กŒใใ‹ใ‚’่จ€ใ„ ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใช่กŒๅ‹•
01:50
is not welcome here. So get out. Um it isn't always
ใฏใ“ใ“ใงใฏๆญ“่ฟŽใ•ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ ๅ‡บใฆ่กŒใ‘ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใใ‚Œใฏ
01:54
something that you say angry in an angry way. But it I think it
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๆ€’ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ๆ–นๆณ•ใงๆ€’ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใฏๅฟ…ใšใ—ใ‚‚ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ ใ€‚ ใ—ใ‹ใ—ใ€ใใ‚Œ
01:59
can be definitely for sure. Like I'm imagining a scene I
ใฏ้–“้•ใ„ใชใ็ขบใ‹ใชใ“ใจใ ใจๆ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
02:03
saw on a TV show the other night where someone was yelling
ๅ…ˆๆ—ฅใƒ†ใƒฌใƒ“็•ช็ต„ใง่ฆ‹
02:06
get out to someone in a bar and that's how I got the idea for
ใŸใ€่ชฐใ‹ใŒใƒใƒผใง่ชฐใ‹ใซๅฃฐใ‚’ใ‹ใ‘ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ‚ทใƒผใƒณใ‚’ๆƒณๅƒใ—ใฆ ใ„ใ‚‹ใ‚ˆใ†ใซใ€ใใ‚ŒใŒใ“ใฎใƒฌใƒƒใ‚นใƒณใฎใ‚ขใ‚คใƒ‡ใ‚ขใ‚’ๆ€ใ„ใคใ„ใŸใฎใงใ™
02:09
this lesson. And they were definitely angry. We also can
ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏ ้–“้•ใ„ใชใๆ€’ใฃใฆใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚
02:13
say things like keep out. Although normally it's a sign
็ซ‹ใกๅ…ฅใ‚Š็ฆๆญขใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใชใ“ใจใ‚‚่จ€ใˆใพใ™ใ€‚ ้€šๅธธใ€ใใ‚Œ
02:17
that tells you this. If you see the words keep out it means
ใฏใ‚ใชใŸใซใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’ๅ‘Šใ’ใ‚‹ใ—ใ‚‹ใ—ใงใ™ใŒใ€‚ ่จ€่‘‰ใŒๅ‡บใชใ„ใฎใ‚’่ฆ‹ใŸใ‚‰ใ€ใใ‚Œใฏๆใ‚‰ใๅฑ้™บใช
02:20
don't go in because it's probably dangerous. Sometimes
ใฎใงๅ…ฅใฃใฆใฏใ„ใ‘ใชใ„ใจใ„ใ†ๆ„ๅ‘ณใงใ™ ใ€‚ ๆ™‚ใ€…
02:24
you'll see a sign on a fence that says keep out. We also
ใ€็ซ‹ใกๅ…ฅใ‚Š็ฆๆญขใจๆ›ธใ‹ใ‚ŒใŸ็œ‹ๆฟใŒใƒ•ใ‚งใƒณใ‚นใซ่กจ็คบใ• ใ‚Œใพใ™ใ€‚ ใพใŸ
02:28
sometimes will use this as a teacher. I might say you know
ใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’ๆ•™ๅธซใจใ—ใฆไฝฟ็”จใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚‚ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ ใ€‚ ็งใฏใ‚ใชใŸใŒใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’็Ÿฅใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œ
02:32
this you're not supposed to go in this room so keep out. Uh
ใพใ›ใ‚“ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใ“ใฎ้ƒจๅฑ‹ใซ่กŒใใ“ใจใซใชใฃใฆใ„ ใชใ„ใฎใง็ซ‹ใกๅ…ฅใ‚Š็ฆๆญขใงใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจ
02:35
maybe there's a room where we have all the textbooks or all
ใ€็งใŸใก ใŒใ™ในใฆใฎๆ•™็ง‘ๆ›ธใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹้ƒจๅฑ‹ใ€ใพใŸใฏใ™ในใฆ
02:38
the computers and students aren't allowed in there. So we
ใฎใ‚ณใƒณใƒ”ใƒฅใƒผใ‚ฟใƒผใจๅญฆ็”Ÿ ใŒใใ“ใซๅ…ฅใ‚‹ใ“ใจใŒ่จฑๅฏใ•ใ‚Œใฆใ„ใชใ„้ƒจๅฑ‹ใŒใ‚ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰็งใŸใก
02:41
would tell them to keep out. Basically what that means is do
ใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใซ็ซ‹ใกๅ…ฅใ‚‰ใชใ„ใ‚ˆใ†ใซ่จ€ใ†ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซใใ‚ŒใŒๆ„ๅ‘ณใ™ใ‚‹ใฎใฏ
02:44
not go in. But it's used as a command or an order. Um another
ๅ…ฅใ‚‰ใชใ„ใ“ใจใงใ™ใ€‚ใ—ใ‹ใ—ใใ‚Œใฏใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใพใŸใฏๅ‘ฝไปคใจใ—ใฆไฝฟ็”จใ•ใ‚Œ ใพใ™ใ€‚
02:51
phrase similar to get out is get lost. This is a little more
ๅ‡บใฆ่กŒใใฎใซไผผใŸๅˆฅใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใฏ ่ฟทๅญใซใชใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ“ใ‚Œใฏ
02:55
like slang. Um although it's very common in informal English
ใ‚นใƒฉใƒณใ‚ฐใซๅฐ‘ใ—ไผผใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใใ‚Œ ใฏ้žๅ…ฌๅผใฎ่‹ฑ่ชžใฎใ‚นใƒ”ใƒผใƒใงใฏ้žๅธธใซไธ€่ˆฌ็š„
02:59
speech. Uh when you say to someone get lost or let's say
ใงใ™ใŒใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ ่ชฐใ‹ใซ่ฟทๅญใซใชใฃใŸใ‚Šใ€
03:03
an animal like this. I think this is a wolf or a fox. Looks
ใ“ใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใชๅ‹•็‰ฉใ‚’่จ€ใฃใŸใ‚Šใ™ใ‚‹ใจใใ€‚ ใ“ใ‚Œใฏใ‚ชใ‚ชใ‚ซใƒŸใ‹ใ‚ญใƒ„ใƒใ ใจๆ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
03:06
like a wolf. If I saw a animal like this I would probably yell
ใ‚ชใ‚ชใ‚ซใƒŸใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใซ่ฆ‹ใˆใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ“ใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใชๅ‹•็‰ฉใ‚’่ฆ‹
03:10
get lost or get out of here. Get lost. So basically when
ใŸใ‚‰ใ€่ฟทๅญใซใชใ‚‹ใ‹ใ€ใ“ใ“ใ‹ใ‚‰ๅ‡บใ‚‹ใจๅคงๅฃฐใงๅซใถใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ๅคฑใ›ใ‚ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซใ‚ใชใŸใŒ่ฟทๅญใซใชใฃใŸใจใ
03:14
you're lost you don't know where you are. And this command
ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใฉใ“ใซใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใ‹ๅˆ†ใ‹ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€ใ“ใฎใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰
03:17
is used to tell someone or an animal that you want them to go
ใฏใ€่ชฐใ‹ใพใŸใฏ ๅ‹•็‰ฉใซใ‚ใชใŸใŒๅฝผใ‚‰ใ‚’ๅŽปใ‚‰ใ›ใŸใ„ใ“ใจใ‚’ไผใˆใ‚‹ใŸใ‚ใซไฝฟ็”จใ•ใ‚Œใพใ™
03:22
away. You want them to leave and then not come back. So in a
ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒๅŽปใฃใฆใ‹ใ‚‰ ๆˆปใฃใฆใ“ใชใ„ใ‚ˆใ†ใซใ—ใŸใ„ใฎใงใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ใ‚ใ‚‹ๆ„ๅ‘ณใงใฏใ€
03:26
way you want them to be lost and not return. Get lost. Um
ใใ‚Œใ‚‰ใ‚’ๅคฑใ„ใ€ๆˆปใ‚‰ใชใ„ใ‚ˆใ†ใซใ—ใŸใ„ใฎใงใ™ ใ€‚ ๅคฑใ›ใ‚ใ€‚ ใˆใƒผใจ
03:31
let's see here. Stop it and quit it. So these two are
ใ€ใ“ใ“ใง่ฆ‹ใฆใฟใพใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใ‚„ใ‚ใฆ ใ‚„ใ‚ใชใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚‰2ใคใฏ
03:38
commands or orders that parents often give to children when
ใ€
03:43
children are really excited and maybe making too much noise or
ๅญไพ›ใŒๆœฌๅฝ“ใซ่ˆˆๅฅฎใ—ใฆใ„ใฆใ€ ้จ’ใŽ
03:47
playing too loudly or if they're doing something
ใ™ใŽใŸใ‚Šใ€ๅคง้Ÿณ้‡ใง้Šใ‚“ใ ใ‚Šใ€่ฟทๆƒ‘ใช ใ“ใจใ‚’ใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ๅ ดๅˆใซใ€่ฆชใŒๅญไพ›ใซไธŽใˆใ‚‹ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใพใŸใฏๅ‘ฝไปค
03:50
annoying. So a parent might say stop it or they might say quit
ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆใ€่ฆชใฏ ใใ‚Œใ‚’ใ‚„ใ‚ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ—ใ€ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏใใ‚Œใ‚’ใ‚„ใ‚ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
03:54
it. Um I usually use the phrase quit it. Um stop it I use as
ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€็งใฏ้€šๅธธใ€ใ€Œใ‚„ใ‚ใ‚‹ใ€ใจใ„ใ†ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บ ใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ‚„ใ‚ใฆใ€็งใ‚‚ไฝฟใฃใฆ
03:59
well. By the way if you want to change it from a command to a
ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใกใชใฟใซ ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใ‹ใ‚‰ใƒชใ‚ฏใ‚จใ‚นใƒˆใซๅค‰ๆ›ดใ—ใŸใ„ๅ ดๅˆ
04:04
request. So a command is very direct. A request is a little
ใ€‚ ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆใ€ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใฏ้žๅธธใซ ็›ดๆŽฅ็š„ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใƒชใ‚ฏใ‚จใ‚นใƒˆใฏ
04:08
more polite. So if I wanted to make this a request I might say
ใ‚‚ใ†ๅฐ‘ใ—ไธๅฏงใงใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’ใƒชใ‚ฏใ‚จใ‚นใƒˆใ—ใŸใ„ๅ ดๅˆใฏใ€ใ‚„ใ‚ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
04:12
stop it please. Um or quit it please. When you add the word
ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใใ‚Œใ‚’ใ‚„ใ‚ใฆ ใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ๅ˜่ชžใ‚’่ฟฝๅŠ 
04:17
please it softens the command just a little bit and makes it
ใ™ใ‚‹ใจใ€ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ ใŒๅฐ‘ใ—ๆŸ”ใ‚‰ใ‹ใใชใ‚Šใ€
04:21
more of a request. If you are wondering what the difference
ใ‚ˆใ‚Šๅคšใใฎ่ฆๆฑ‚ใซใชใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใจใƒชใ‚ฏใ‚จใ‚นใƒˆ ใฎ้•ใ„ใฏไฝ•ใ ใฃใŸใฎใ‹็–‘ๅ•ใซๆ€ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ๅ ดๅˆ
04:25
between a command and request was. So stop it and quit it. Uh
ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ใใ‚Œใ‚’ๆญขใ‚ใฆใ‚„ใ‚ใชใ•ใ„ใ€‚
04:29
something you say to someone when they're doing something
ๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒใ‚ใชใŸใ‚’ๆ‚ฉใพใ›ใ‚‹ไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’ใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจใใซใ‚ใชใŸใŒ่ชฐใ‹ใซ่จ€ใ†
04:32
that annoys you. Stop it. Quit it. So you might have
ใ“ใจใ€‚ ใ‚„ใ‚ใ‚ใ€‚ ใ‚„ใ‚ ใฆใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ
04:39
neighbours that play their music way too loud. You might
ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฎ ้Ÿณๆฅฝใ‚’ใ‚ใพใ‚Šใซใ‚‚ๅคง้Ÿณ้‡ใงๆผ”ๅฅใ™ใ‚‹้šฃไบบใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ
04:43
have neighbours that they come home from work everyday and
ๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒๆฏŽๆ—ฅไป•ไบ‹ใ‹ใ‚‰ๅธฐใฃใฆใใ‚‹้šฃไบบใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ ใ€ใใ—ใฆ
04:47
they just turn their radio up really loud. And if you knocked
ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏใŸใ ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฎใƒฉใ‚ธใ‚ชใ‚’ ๆœฌๅฝ“ใซๅคงๅฃฐใงไธŠใ’ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€
04:50
on their door if you were angry you might say turn it down. Um
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๆ€’ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใชใ‚‰ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฎใƒ‰ใ‚ขใ‚’ใƒŽใƒƒใ‚ฏใ—ใŸใชใ‚‰ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ใใ‚Œใ‚’ๆ–ญใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจ
04:54
if you were talking to your children though if your
ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใ‚ใชใŸใฎๅญไพ›ใจ่ฉฑใ—ใฆ ใ„ใ‚‹ใชใ‚‰ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฎ
04:59
children were playing loud music you might say turn it
ๅญไพ›ใŒๅคง้Ÿณ้‡ใฎ้Ÿณๆฅฝใ‚’ๆผ”ๅฅใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใชใ‚‰ใ€ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใใ‚Œใ‚’ๆ–ญใฃใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
05:02
down please. Again adding the word please to soften things a
ใ€‚ ใ‚‚ใ†ไธ€ๅบฆๅ˜่ชžใ‚’่ฟฝๅŠ ใ—ใฆใ€ ็‰ฉไบ‹ใ‚’ๅฐ‘ใ—ๅ’Œใ‚‰ใ’ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„
05:06
bit. Hey and a little bit the imperative. I should have
ใ€‚ ใญใˆใ€ๅฐ‘ใ— ๅ‘ฝไปคใ€‚ ๆœ€ๅˆใซ
05:09
explained this at the beginning. The imperative is
ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’่ชฌๆ˜Žใ™ในใใ ใฃใŸ ใ€‚ ๅ‘ฝไปคใฏ
05:12
simply the verb. So if you have the verb you know to stop. If
ๅ˜ใซๅ‹•่ฉžใงใ™ใ€‚ ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆ ใ€ๅ‹•่ฉžใŒใ‚ใ‚‹ๅ ดๅˆใฏใ€ๅœๆญขใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใŒใ‚ใ‹ใฃใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใซ
05:18
you remove the word to and you just yell stop. That's the
ๅ˜่ชžใ‚’ๅ‰Š้™คใ—ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ ใŸใ ๅซใถๅ ดๅˆใฏๅœๆญขใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œ
05:22
imperative form of the verb. It's one of the easiest verb
ใŒๅ‹•่ฉžใฎๅ‘ฝไปคๅฝขใงใ™ใ€‚ ่ชฐใ‹ใซใฉใ“ใ‹ใซ่กŒใใ‚ˆใ†ใซ
05:25
forms to conjugate because if you have a verb like if you
่จ€ใ„ใŸใ„ใ‚ˆใ†ใชๅ‹•่ฉžใŒใ‚ใ‚‹ๅ ดๅˆใฏ
05:29
want to tell someone to go somewhere you just remove the
ใ€
05:32
TO the two and you just say go. So it's a very simple verb form
TOใ‚’2ใคๅ‰Š้™คใ—ใฆใ€ใ€Œ่กŒใใ€ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ ใ‘ใชใฎใงใ€ๆดป็”จใ™ใ‚‹ใฎใŒๆœ€ใ‚‚็ฐกๅ˜ใชๅ‹•่ฉžๅฝขๅผใฎ1ใคใงใ™ใ€‚ ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆใ€ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใ‚’ๅฎŸ่กŒใ™ใ‚‹ๅ ดๅˆใฏใ€้žๅธธใซๅ˜็ด”ใชๅ‹•่ฉžๅฝขๅผ
05:37
when you want to give a command. But yes loud music
ใงใ™ ใ€‚ ใ—ใ‹ใ—ใ€ใใ†ใงใ™ใ€ๅคง้Ÿณ้‡ใฎ้Ÿณๆฅฝใฏ
05:41
sometimes results in people saying turn it down. This one
ๆ™‚ใ€…ไบบใ€… ใŒใใ‚Œใ‚’ๆ–ญใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†็ตๆžœใซใชใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ“ใ‚Œ
05:45
is almost always said forcefully and maybe with a bit
ใฏใปใจใ‚“ใฉใฎๅ ดๅˆใ€ ๅŠ›ๅผทใใ€ใŠใใ‚‰ใๅฐ‘ใ—
05:50
of anger or frustration. There is no polite way to say shut
ใฎๆ€’ใ‚Šใ‚„ๆฌฒๆฑ‚ไธๆบ€ใ‚’ไผดใฃใฆ่จ€ใ‚ใ‚Œใพใ™ใ€‚ ้ป™ใฃใฆ่จ€ใ†ไธๅฏงใชๆ–นๆณ•ใฏใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“
05:54
up. Okay? So when you yell shut up to someone it means you want
ใ€‚ ใ‚ใ‹ใฃใŸ๏ผŸ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ ่ชฐใ‹ใซ้ป™ใฃใฆๅซใถใจใใ€ใใ‚Œใฏใ‚ใชใŸใŒ
05:59
them to stop talking. It means you want them to stop talking
ๅฝผใ‚‰ใซ่ฉฑใ™ใฎใ‚’ใ‚„ใ‚ใ•ใ›ใŸใ„ใจใ„ใ†ใ“ใจใ‚’ๆ„ๅ‘ณใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œใฏ ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๅฝผใ‚‰ใซใ‚ใชใŸใจ่ฉฑใ™ใฎใ‚’ใ‚„ใ‚ใ•ใ›ใŸใ„ใจใ„ใ†ใ“ใจใ‚’ๆ„ๅ‘ณ
06:03
to you. Um it usually happens during a conversation when
ใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใใ‚Œใฏ้€šๅธธ ใ€
06:07
people are arguing and when they get angry at each other
ไบบใ€…ใŒ่ญฐ่ซ–ใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ไผš่ฉฑใฎ้–“ใซ่ตทใ“ใ‚Šใ€ ๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒใŠไบ’ใ„ใซ่…นใ‚’็ซ‹ใฆใ‚‹ใจใใ€
06:10
eventually one person might just say shut up. I'm tired of
ๆœ€็ต‚็š„ใซไธ€ไบบใฎไบบใŒ ใŸใ ้ป™ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ็งใฏใ‚ใชใŸใฎ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใ‚’
06:14
listening to you. Just shut up. So shut up You can't say shut
่žใใฎใซใ†ใ‚“ใ–ใ‚Šใ—ใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใŸใ ้ป™ใฃใฆใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰้ป™ใฃใฆใใ ใ•ใ„้ป™ใฃใฆใฏ่จ€ใˆใพใ›ใ‚“
06:18
up please. That doesn't make it that doesn't make it any nicer.
ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œใฏใใ‚Œ ใ‚’ใ‚ˆใ‚Š่‰ฏใใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใซใฏใชใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ“ใฎใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใซ
06:22
You can't add the word please to this command and make it
ใ€ŒใŠ้ก˜ใ„ใ—ใพใ™ใ€ใจใ„ใ†ๅ˜่ชžใ‚’่ฟฝๅŠ ใ—ใฆใ€ใ‚ˆใ‚Š้ฉๅˆ‡ใซๆฉŸ่ƒฝใ•ใ›ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใฏใงใใพใ›ใ‚“
06:26
work better. Uh or sound a little softer or nicer.
ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใพใŸใฏ ๅฐ‘ใ—ๆŸ”ใ‚‰ใ‹ใใพใŸใฏใ‚ˆใ‚Š่‰ฏใ„้Ÿณใ€‚
06:30
Definitely when you say shut up it means that you are a little
็ขบใ‹ใซใ‚ใชใŸใŒ้ป™ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†ใจใใ€ ใใ‚Œใฏใ‚ใชใŸใŒ
06:34
bit upset or a little bit angry. Sometimes people are
ๅฐ‘ใ—ๅ‹•ๆบใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ€ใพใŸใฏๅฐ‘ใ— ๆ€’ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๆ„ๅ‘ณใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ ๆ™‚ใ€…ไบบใ€…ใฏ
06:39
very stressed. Sometimes people are they're very anxious or
้žๅธธใซใ‚นใƒˆใƒฌใ‚นใ‚’ๆ„Ÿใ˜ใพใ™ใ€‚ ๆ™‚ใ€…ไบบใ€… ใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒ้žๅธธใซๅฟƒ้…ใ—
06:43
they have a lot of anxiety. And if they sit down you might just
ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ€ใพใŸใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒๅคšใใฎไธๅฎ‰ใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจใ„ใ†ใ“ใจใงใ™ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆ ใ€ๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒๅบงใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใชใ‚‰ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใŸใ 
06:46
say you know relax. Maybe just relax. Maybe someone's angry
ใƒชใƒฉใƒƒใ‚ฏใ‚นใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’็Ÿฅใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใŸใถใ‚“ใŸใ  ใƒชใƒฉใƒƒใ‚ฏใ‚นใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ๅคšๅˆ†่ชฐใ‹
06:51
about something that happened in their day. You might just
ใŒๅฝผใ‚‰ใฎๆ—ฅใซ่ตทใ“ใฃใŸไฝ•ใ‹ใซ่…นใ‚’็ซ‹ใฆใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใŸใ ใƒชใƒฉใƒƒใ‚ฏใ‚นใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
06:54
say relax. Let's have a cup of tea and talk about it. So when
ใ€‚ ใŠ่Œถใ‚’้ฃฒใ‚“ใง่ฉฑใ—ใพใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€
06:59
you give the command or it's actually more of a request I
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๅ‘ฝไปคใ‚’ๅ‡บใ™ใจใใ€ใพใŸใฏใใ‚Œใฏ ๅฎŸ้š›ใซใฏใ‚‚ใฃใจ่ฆๆฑ‚ใงใ‚ใ‚‹ใจ็งใฏ
07:02
think. Relax. You're usually calmly asking someone to just
ๆ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใƒชใƒฉใƒƒใ‚ฏใ‚นใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ้€šๅธธใ€ ่ชฐใ‹ใซๆทฑๅ‘ผๅธใ‚’ใ™ใ‚‹ใ‚ˆใ†ใซๅ†ท้™ใซๆฑ‚ใ‚ใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
07:07
take a deep breath maybe count to 10 and to try to stop being
ใŠใใ‚‰ใ 10ใพใงๆ•ฐใˆใ€ๆ€’ใ‚Šใ‚„ๅ‹•ๆบใ‚’ใ‚„ใ‚ใ•ใ›ใ‚ˆใ†ใจใ—
07:13
angry or upset. Or at least be a little bit less angry. So
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใพใŸใฏใ€ ๅฐ‘ใชใใจใ‚‚ๅฐ‘ใ—ๆ€’ใ‚Šใ‚’ๆŠ‘ใˆใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰
07:17
relax. Uh that's a great line by the way to say to someone
ใƒชใƒฉใƒƒใ‚ฏใ‚นใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใใ‚Œใฏ ่ชฐใ‹ใซใกใ‚‡ใฃใจใƒชใƒฉใƒƒใ‚ฏใ‚นใ—ใฆ่จ€ใ†ใŸใ‚ใฎ็ด ๆ™ดใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ใƒฉใ‚คใƒณ
07:20
hey relax. Let's sit down and have a cup of tea and you can
ใงใ™ใ€‚ ๅบงใฃ ใฆใŠ่Œถใ‚’้ฃฒใฟใพใ—ใ‚‡ใ†
07:24
tell me all about your day. So relax is definitely a command
ใ€‚ใ‚ใชใŸใฎไธ€ๆ—ฅใฎใ“ใจใ‚’ใ™ในใฆๆ•™ใˆใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ ใƒชใƒฉใƒƒใ‚ฏใ‚นใฏ้–“้•ใ„ใชใ
07:28
where you're asking someone to be a little more calm. Watch
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ่ชฐใ‹ใซใ‚‚ใ†ๅฐ‘ใ—่ฝใก็€ใใ‚ˆใ†ใซ้ ผใ‚“ใงใ„ใ‚‹ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใงใ™ ใ€‚ ๆฐ—
07:33
out and look out. So when you yell watch out or look out.
ใ‚’ใคใ‘ใฆๆฐ—ใ‚’ใคใ‘ใ‚ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๆ€’้ณดใ‚‹ใจใใฏใ€ๆฐ—ใ‚’ใคใ‘ ใŸใ‚Šใ€ๆฐ—ใ‚’ใคใ‘ใŸใ‚Šใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚
07:38
Usually someone maybe is in danger. Um maybe if you're at a
้€šๅธธใ€่ชฐใ‹ใŒๅฑ้™บใซใ•ใ‚‰ใ•ใ‚Œใฆใ„ใ‚‹ๅฏ่ƒฝ ๆ€งใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ใŸใถใ‚“ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ
07:44
soccer game and you're standing on the sidelines and maybe
ใ‚ตใƒƒใ‚ซใƒผใฎ่ฉฆๅˆใ‚’ใ—ใฆใ„ใฆ ใ€ๅ‚่ฆณ่€…ใฎ็ซ‹ๅ ดใซ็ซ‹ใฃใฆใ„ใฆใ€
07:47
you're talking to someone beside you and the soccer ball
ใ‚ใชใŸใฎใใฐใซใ„ใ‚‹่ชฐใ‹ใจ่ฉฑใ—ใฆใ„ ใฆใ€ใ‚ตใƒƒใ‚ซใƒผใƒœใƒผใƒซ
07:50
is coming towards your head people would yell watch out or
ใŒ้ ญใซๅ‘ใ‹ใฃใฆใใ‚‹ใจใ€ ไบบใ€…ใฏๆฐ—ใ‚’ใคใ‘ใŸใ‚Š่ฆ‹ๅผตใฃใŸใ‚Šใ™ใ‚‹ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†
07:54
look out. Uh this guy thankfully he has a heart hat
ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใ“ใฎ็”ทใฏ ใ‚ใ‚ŠใŒใŸใ„ใ“ใจใซๅฝผใฏใƒใƒผใƒˆใฎๅธฝๅญใ‚’ใ‹ใถใฃ
07:58
on. So the hammer that is falling if it hits him it won't
ใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ใƒใƒณใƒžใƒผใŒ ๅฝผใซๅฝ“ใŸใฃใŸๅ ดๅˆใซ่ฝไธ‹ใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใงใ€ๅฝผใ‚’ๅ‚ทใคใ‘ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใฏใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“
08:02
hurt him. But if you saw this happening you would be you
ใ€‚ ใ—ใ‹ใ—ใ€ใ“ใ‚ŒใŒ ่ตทใ“ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใ‚’่ฆ‹ใŸใ‚‰ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸ
08:05
would definitely be yelling watch out or look out. You
ใฏ้–“้•ใ„ใชใ ๆฐ—ใ‚’ใคใ‘ใŸใ‚Šๆฐ—ใ‚’ใคใ‘ใŸใ‚Šใจๅซใ‚“ใงใ„ใ‚‹ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸ
08:09
wouldn't be angry. You would just yell this because you are
ใฏๆ€’ใฃใฆใ„ใชใ„ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ็›ธๆ‰‹ใฎๅฎ‰ๅ…จใ‚’ๅฟƒ้…ใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใงใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’ๅซใถใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†
08:13
concerned for the other person's safety. So watch out.
ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ๆฐ—ใ‚’ใคใ‘ใ‚ใ€‚
08:17
Or look out. And then hopefully they move quickly. And then the
ใพใŸใฏๆฐ—ใ‚’ไป˜ใ‘ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ†ใพใใ„ใ‘ใฐ ใ€ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏ็ด ๆ—ฉใๅ‹•ใใพใ™ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€
08:21
danger is avoided. Slow down. Have you ever been in a car
ๅฑ้™บใŒๅ›ž้ฟใ•ใ‚Œใพใ™ใ€‚ ๅพ่กŒใ€‚
08:27
with someone who drives too fast? Uh maybe you're driving
ใ‚ใพใ‚Šใซใ‚‚้€Ÿใ้‹่ปขใ™ใ‚‹ไบบใจไธ€็ท’ใซ่ปŠใซไน—ใฃใŸใ“ใจใฏใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ ใ‹๏ผŸ ใˆใˆใจ
08:31
with one of your teenage children and you want to say
ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ10ไปฃใฎๅญไพ›ใŸใกใจไธ€็ท’ใซ้‹่ปขใ—
08:35
tell them that they're driving too fast you would say slow
ใฆใ„ใฆใ€ๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒใ‚ใพใ‚Šใซใ‚‚้€Ÿใ้‹่ปขใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๅฝผใ‚‰ใซไผใˆ ใŸใ„ใจๆ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
08:38
down. Um so yes definitely when someone drives quickly when
ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€็ขบใ‹ใซใใ†ใงใ™ใ€‚ ่ชฐใ‹ใŒ้€Ÿใ้‹่ปขใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจใใซใ€
08:44
someone makes you feel uncomfortable because they're
่ชฐใ‹ใŒใ‚ใชใŸใ‚’ไธๅฟซใซๆ„Ÿใ˜ใ•ใ›ใŸใจใ ใ€ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏ
08:47
going too fast. You would probably tell them to slow
ใ‚ใพใ‚Šใซใ‚‚้€Ÿใ้€ฒใ‚“ใงใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ใŠใใ‚‰ใๅฝผใ‚‰ใซๆธ›้€Ÿใ™ใ‚‹ใ‚ˆใ†ใซ่จ€ใ†ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†
08:50
down. That would be the command that you would give them. Slow
ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œใฏ ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๅฝผใ‚‰ใซไธŽใˆใ‚‹ใงใ‚ใ‚ใ†ๅ‘ฝไปคใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚
08:54
down. And again if you add please slow down please. It
ๅพ่กŒใ€‚ ใพใŸใ€่ฟฝๅŠ ใ™ใ‚‹ๅ ดๅˆใฏ ้€Ÿๅบฆใ‚’่ฝใจใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚
08:58
sounds a little sir. Um but you have to recognize too that when
ๅฐ‘ใ—่žใ“ใˆใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใ—ใ‹ใ—ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸ ใŒ
09:03
you give commands and orders it means that either you're like a
ๅ‘ฝไปคใ‚„ๅ‘ฝไปคใ‚’ไธŽใˆใ‚‹ใจใใ€ใใ‚Œ ใฏใ‚ใชใŸใŒ
09:08
parent or a teacher or an older person talking to a younger
่ฆชใ‚„ๆ•™ๅธซใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใงใ‚ใ‚‹ใ‹ ใ€่‹ฅใ„ไบบใจ่ฉฑใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ๅนด้…ใฎไบบใงใ‚ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ€
09:13
person or maybe you're feeling angry or you're feeling
ใ‚ใ‚‹ใ„ใฏใ‚ใชใŸใŒๆ€’ใ‚Šใ‚’ๆ„Ÿใ˜ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ‹ๆ„Ÿๆƒ…ใ‚’ๆ„Ÿใ˜ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๆ„ๅ‘ณใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚‚่ช่ญ˜ใ—ใชใ‘ใ‚Œใฐใชใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“
09:17
emotional. Um because it's very direct when you tell someone to
ใ€‚ ่ชฐใ‹ใซไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’ใ™ใ‚‹ใ‚ˆใ†ใซ่จ€ใ†ใจใ€ใใ‚Œใฏ้žๅธธใซ็›ดๆŽฅ็š„ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰
09:21
do something. Um because the most polite way to say it would
ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ ใใ‚Œใ‚’่จ€ใ†ๆœ€ใ‚‚ไธๅฏงใช่จ€ใ„ๆ–นใฏ
09:25
be could you slow down please when you drive this fast it
ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใ“ใ‚Œใปใฉ้€Ÿใ้‹่ปขใ™ใ‚‹ใจใใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๆธ›้€Ÿใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€ใใ‚Œ
09:29
scares me a little bit. That would be very polite. And if
ใฏ็งใ‚’ๅฐ‘ใ—ๆ€–ใŒใ‚‰ใ›ใ‚‹ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œ ใฏใจใฆใ‚‚็คผๅ„€ๆญฃใ—ใ„ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€
09:32
you said slow down that would be very angry. A lot more
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใ‚นใƒญใƒผใƒ€ใ‚ฆใƒณใจ่จ€ใฃใŸๅ ดๅˆใ€ใใ‚Œใฏ ้žๅธธใซๆ€’ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใ‚‚ใฃใจใŸใใ•ใ‚“ใฎ
09:36
emotion. So we have quiet quiet down be quiet. I put a picture
ๆ„Ÿๆƒ…ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰็งใŸใกใฏ้™ใ‹ใซ้™ใ‹ใซ ใชใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ๅ…ˆ็”Ÿใฎๅ†™็œŸใ‚’่ผ‰ใ›ใพใ—ใŸ
09:42
of a teacher. Uh this is a common phrase for teachers to
ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใฏใ€ใ‚ใชใŸ ใŒ้™ใ‹ใซ่จ€ใ†
09:45
say again when you say quiet or when you say quiet down or when
ใจใใ€
09:51
you say be quiet it's somewhat forceful. If you wanted to
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ้™ใ‹ใซ่จ€ใ†ใจใใ€ใพใŸใฏใ‚ใชใŸใŒ้™ใ‹ใซ่จ€ใ†ใจใใ€ใใ‚Œใฏๅนพๅˆ† ๅŠ›ๅผทใ„ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใใ‚Œใ‚’ๅ’Œใ‚‰ใ’ใŸใ„ใชใ‚‰ใฐใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ
09:56
soften it you would say quiet please or quiet down please or
้™ใ‹ใซใ—ใฆ ใใ ใ•ใ„ใพใŸใฏ้™ใ‹ใซใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใพใŸใฏ้™ใ‹ใซใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใจ่จ€ใ†ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†
09:59
be quiet please. Um this adding the word please just makes
ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใ“ใ‚Œ ใซๅ˜่ชžใ‚’่ฟฝๅŠ ใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚่‹ฑ่ชžใง
10:04
things so much nicer and calmer and polite in English. So if
็‰ฉไบ‹ใŒใจใฆใ‚‚่‰ฏใใ€่ฝใก็€ใ„ ใฆไธๅฏงใซใชใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€
10:09
you are in charge of some people or if you're somewhere
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒไฝ•ไบบใ‹ใฎไบบใ‚’ๆ‹…ๅฝ“ใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ ๅ ดๅˆ
10:12
where there's a lot of people who are being kind of loud or
ใ‚„ใ€ๅคงๅฃฐใง่ฉฑใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ไบบใŒใŸใใ•ใ‚“ใ„ใ‚‹ๅ ดๆ‰€ใซ
10:16
talking you could say quiet or quiet down or be quiet. Notice
ใ„ใ‚‹ๅ ดๅˆใฏใ€ ้™ใ‹ใซใ™ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ€้™ใ‹ใซใ™ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ€้™ใ‹ใซใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใŒใงใใพใ™ใ€‚
10:20
how my voice gets a bit stronger. Quiet. And then quiet
็งใฎๅฃฐใŒๅฐ‘ใ— ๅผทใใชใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใซๆณจ็›ฎใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ้™ใ‹ใชใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€้™ใ‹ใซใ—ใฆ
10:24
please or quiet down please. Just a nicer way to say it.
ใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€ใพใŸใฏ้™ใ‹ใซใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œใ‚’่จ€ใ†ใŸใ‚ใฎใกใ‚‡ใ†ใฉ่‰ฏใ„ๆ–นๆณ•ใ€‚
10:29
Listen Up is a way to get people to listen to you. So if
ใƒชใƒƒใ‚นใƒณใ‚ขใƒƒใƒ—ใฏใ€ ไบบใ€…ใซใ‚ใชใŸใฎ่ฉฑใ‚’่žใ„ใฆใ‚‚ใ‚‰ใ†ๆ–นๆณ•ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰
10:33
you're standing with a large group of friends and there's a
ใ€ๅคงๅ‹ขใฎๅ‹้”ใจไธ€็ท’ใซ็ซ‹ใฃใฆใ„ใฆใ€
10:37
lot of conversations maybe you're trying to decide with 10
ไผš่ฉฑใŒใŸใใ•ใ‚“ใ‚ใ‚‹ ๅ ดๅˆใฏใ€10ไบบใงใฉใฎๆ˜ ็”ปใ‚’่ฆ‹ใซ่กŒใใ‹ใ‚’ๆฑบใ‚ใ‚ˆใ†ใจใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
10:41
people what movie to go see. And maybe you look on your
ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆๅคšๅˆ†ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใ‚ใชใŸใฎ้›ป่ฉฑใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใ€
10:46
phone and you're like oh just a minute. Listen up. There's a
ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใกใ‚‡ใฃใจใกใ‚‡ใฃใจใฎใ‚ˆใ† ใงใ™ใ€‚ ่žใ„ใฆใ€‚ ้€šใ‚Šใฎใ™ใไธ‹
10:49
movie playing in 10 minutes just down the street. So when
ใง10ๅˆ†ใงไธŠๆ˜ ใ•ใ‚Œใฆใ„ใ‚‹ๆ˜ ็”ปใŒใ‚ใ‚Š ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€
10:53
you say listen up you're basically asking everyone to
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ่žใใจ่จ€ใ†ใจใใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซใฟใ‚“ใชใซใ‚ใชใŸใฎ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใ‚’่žใใ‚ˆใ†ใซ้ ผใ‚“ใงใ„
10:58
Listen to you. You're asking them to give you their
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ๅฝผใ‚‰ใซใ‚ใชใŸใซๅฝผใ‚‰ใฎ
11:01
attention. Um so I think that's a great example. Again often a
ๆณจๆ„ใ‚’ๅ‘ใ‘ใ‚‹ใ‚ˆใ†ใซ้ ผใ‚“ใงใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใใ‚Œใฏ็ด ๆ™ดใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ไพ‹ใ ใจๆ€ใ„ใพใ™ ใ€‚ ็นฐใ‚Š่ฟ”ใ—ใซใชใ‚Šใพใ™ใŒใ€
11:06
phrase that teachers would use. Listen up. We're going to go to
ๆ•™ๅธซใŒไฝฟ็”จใ™ใ‚‹ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใงใ™ใ€‚ ่žใ„ใฆใ€‚ ไปŠใ‹ใ‚‰ๅ›ณๆ›ธ้คจใซ่กŒใใพใ™ใฎใง
11:10
the library now and everyone needs to find a book. So it's
ใ€ใฟใ‚“ใช ๆœฌใ‚’ๆŽขใ™ๅฟ…่ฆใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ใใ‚Œ
11:14
just a way to request that people listen to you when
11:17
you're having when you want them to stop talking and listen
ใฏใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ ่ฉฑใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใ‚’ใ‚„ใ‚ใฆใ€
11:22
to what you have to say. Sometimes the command is
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ่จ€ใ‚ใชใ‘ใ‚Œใฐใชใ‚‰ใชใ„ใ“ใจใ‚’่žใ„ใฆใปใ—ใ„ใจใใซใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใ„ใ‚‹ใจใใซไบบใ€…ใซใ‚ใชใŸใฎ่ฉฑใ‚’่žใใ‚ˆใ†ใซ่ฆๆฑ‚ใ™ใ‚‹ๆ–นๆณ•ใซใ™ใŽใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใŒ
11:26
actually a greeting or salutation or something you say
ๅฎŸ้š›ใซๆŒจๆ‹ถใ‚„ ๆŒจๆ‹ถใ€ใพใŸใฏ่ชฐใ‹ใซ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใงใ‚ใ‚‹ๅ ดๅˆใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™
11:30
to someone. So sometimes when I'm leaving work I'll say hey
ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ๆ™‚ใ€… ็งใŒไป•ไบ‹ใ‚’่พžใ‚ใ‚‹ใจใ
11:35
have a great day if it's the middle of the day. Um if I'm
ใ€ใใ‚Œ ใŒไธ€ๆ—ฅใฎ็œŸใ‚“ไธญใงใ‚ใ‚‹ใชใ‚‰ใ€ใกใ‚‡ใฃใจ็ด ๆ™ดใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅใ‚’้Žใ”ใ™ใจ่จ€ใ†ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ๆœ
11:38
talking to my mom on the phone in the morning I might say have
ใ€ใŠๆฏใ•ใ‚“ใจ้›ป่ฉฑใง่ฉฑใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจใ— ใŸใ‚‰ใ€ใ„ใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅใ ใจๆ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
11:41
a great day. So it's an entire phrase and it's more it's not
ใ€‚ ใคใพใ‚Šใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใฏใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บๅ…จไฝ“
11:46
so much of a like it is a command. It is the imperative.
ใงใ‚ใ‚Šใ€ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใชใ‚‚ใฎใงใฏใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œใฏๅฟ…้ ˆใงใ™ใ€‚
11:49
It uses the verb to have. And we say have a great day. But
ๆŒใคๅ‹•่ฉžใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€ ็งใŸใกใฏ็ด ๆ™ดใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅใ‚’้Žใ”ใ™ใจ่จ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ—ใ‹ใ—ใ€
11:53
it's a very polite thing. It's more of it's more of a say I
ใใ‚Œใฏ้žๅธธใซไธๅฏงใชใ“ใจใงใ™ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œใฏ ใ‚‚ใฃใจ่จ€ใ„ใŸใ„ใ“ใจ
11:58
think. Like have a great day. Hey have a great day. Nice
ใ ใจๆ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ็ด ๆ™ดใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅใ‚’ใŠ้Žใ”ใ—ใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ่‰ฏใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅใ‚’ใ€‚ ๆฅฝใ—ใ„
12:01
talking. Yesterday I talked to my friend in France and when we
ไผš่ฉฑใงใ—ใŸใ€‚ ๆ˜จๆ—ฅ ใƒ•ใƒฉใƒณใ‚นใฎๅ‹้”ใจ
12:05
were done talking I said have a great day. Okay because it was
่ฉฑใ‚’ใ—ใพใ—ใŸใŒใ€่ฉฑใŒ็ต‚ใ‚ใฃใŸใ‚‰็ด ๆ™ดใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅใ ใจ่จ€ใ„ใพใ—ใŸ ใ€‚ ็œŸๆ˜ผใ ใฃใŸใฎใงๅคงไธˆๅคซ
12:09
the middle of the day. So sometimes you use the
ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ ๆ™‚ใ€…ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ
12:12
imperative to wish someone well. Sometimes you use it to
่ชฐใ‹ใ‚’ ๅ…ƒๆฐ—ใซใ™ใ‚‹ใŸใ‚ใซๅ‘ฝไปคใ‚’ไฝฟใ†ใ€‚ ๆ™‚ใ€…ใ‚ใชใŸใฏไบบใ€…ใ‚’ๅŠฑใพใ™ใŸใ‚ใซใใ‚Œใ‚’ไฝฟใ„ใพใ™
12:17
encourage people. You might say keep going or don't stop. So
ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ็ถšใ‘ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ€ใ‚„ใ‚ใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆ
12:21
the second phrase here is our first use of don't with the
ใ€ใ“ใ“ใงใฎ2็•ช็›ฎใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใฏใ€ใƒใ‚ฌใƒ†ใ‚ฃใƒ–ใซๅ…ฅใ‚Œใ‚‹ใจใ ใซๅ‘ฝไปคๅž‹ใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ—ใชใ„ใจใ„ใ†ๆœ€ๅˆใฎไฝฟ็”จๆณ•ใงใ™
12:26
imperative when you put it into the negative. So for instance
ใ€‚ ใŸใจใˆใฐ
12:29
if I was watching someone run a race and they were slowing
ใ€่ชฐใ‹ใŒใƒฌใƒผใ‚นใ‚’ๅฎŸ่กŒใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใ„ใฆ ใ€ๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒ
12:34
down. I might be like don't stop. Keep going. So I might
ๆธ›้€Ÿใ—ใฆใ„ใŸๅ ดๅˆใงใ™ใ€‚ ๆญขใพใ‚‰ใชใ„ใฟใŸใ„ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ ใ€‚ ็ซ‹ใกๆญขใพใ‚‹ใชใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰็งใฏ
12:38
cheer them on. Maybe you're watching the Olympics right
ๅฝผใ‚‰ใ‚’ๅฟœๆดใ™ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใŸใถใ‚“ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ไปŠใ‚ชใƒชใƒณใƒ”ใƒƒใ‚ฏใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใ„ใพใ™
12:41
now. And you're watching speed skating and the skater from
ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใ‚นใƒ”ใƒผใƒ‰ใ‚นใ‚ฑใƒผใƒˆใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€ใใ—ใฆ
12:45
your country is going a little slow. You might be like no keep
ใ‚ใชใŸใฎๅ›ฝใ‹ใ‚‰ใฎใ‚นใ‚ฑใƒผใ‚ฟใƒผใฏๅฐ‘ใ— ้…ใใชใฃใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ็ถšใ‘ใชใ„ใ‚ˆใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›
12:47
going. Don't stop. And you would use the imperative to or
ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ‚„ใ‚ใชใ„ใงใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€ใ‚ใชใŸ ใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใ‚’ๅฟœๆดใ™ใ‚‹ใŸใ‚ใซๅ‘ฝไปคใพใŸใฏใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ™ใ‚‹ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†
12:51
a command to cheer them on. You also might use the phrase go
ใ€‚ ใพใŸใ€goforitใจใ„ใ†ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚‚ใงใใพใ™
12:57
for it. So this is used in a bunch of different ways. But it
ใ€‚ ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใฏ ใ•ใพใ–ใพใชๆ–นๆณ•ใงไฝฟ็”จใ•ใ‚Œใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ—ใ‹ใ—ใ€ใใ‚Œใฏ
13:01
basically is a command where you encourage someone to do
ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซใ€ ่ชฐใ‹ใซไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’ใ™ใ‚‹ใ‚ˆใ†ใซๅ‹งใ‚ใŸใ‚Šใ€่ชฐใ‹ใซ
13:05
something or you tell them they're allowed to do
ไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’ใ™ใ‚‹ ใ“ใจใ‚’่จฑๅฏใ•ใ‚Œใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจไผใˆใ‚‹ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใงใ™
13:09
something. So the first example would be this. If a friend said
ใ€‚ ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆใ€ๆœ€ๅˆใฎไพ‹ ใฏใ“ใ‚Œใงใ™ใ€‚ ๅ‹ไบบใŒ
13:12
I'm thinking of applying for a job at Amazon. You might say
็งใŒใ‚ขใƒžใ‚พใƒณใงใฎไป•ไบ‹ใซๅฟœๅ‹Ÿใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’่€ƒใˆใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใฃใŸๅ ดๅˆ ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใใ‚ŒใŒ็ด ๆ™ดใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
13:17
that sounds great. Go for it. That means that you agree that
ใ€‚ ้ ‘ๅผตใ‚Œใ€‚ ใใ‚Œใฏใ‚ใชใŸใŒ
13:21
it's a good idea and you think they should do it. Um I'm
ใใ‚ŒใŒ่‰ฏใ„่€ƒใˆใงใ‚ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใซๅŒๆ„ใ—ใ€ ๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒใใ‚Œใ‚’ใ™ในใใ ใจๆ€ใ†ใ“ใจใ‚’ๆ„ๅ‘ณใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ ไปŠๆœใ€
13:24
thinking of watching Bob's livestream this morning. You
ใƒœใƒ–ใฎใƒฉใ‚คใƒ–ใ‚นใƒˆใƒชใƒผใƒ ใ‚’่ฆ‹ใ‚ˆใ†ใจๆ€ใฃใฆใ„ ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸ
13:28
might say to someone oh good idea. Go for it. I have a lot
ใฏ่ชฐใ‹ใซใ‚ใ‚ใ„ใ„่€ƒใˆใ‚’่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ ใ€‚ ้ ‘ๅผตใ‚Œใ€‚
13:32
of fun. Here you'll that there are some boxes with donuts. If
ใจใฆใ‚‚ๆฅฝใ—ใ„ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใ“ใ“ใงใฏใ€ ใƒ‰ใƒผใƒŠใƒ„ใŒๅ…ฅใฃใŸ็ฎฑใŒใ„ใใคใ‹ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ‚‚ใ—
13:36
I was giving out donuts and someone said can I take one I
็งใŒใƒ‰ใƒผใƒŠใƒ„ใ‚’้…ใฃใฆใ„ใฆใ€ ่ชฐใ‹ใŒใƒ‰ใƒผใƒŠใƒ„ใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆใ„ใฃใฆใ‚‚ใ„ใ„ใจ่จ€ใฃใŸใ‚‰ใ€็งใฏ
13:40
might say go for it. So I'm giving them permission to do
ใใ‚ŒใฎใŸใ‚ใซ่กŒใใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰็งใฏ ๅฝผใ‚‰ใซใใ‚Œใ‚’ใ™ใ‚‹่จฑๅฏใ‚’ไธŽใˆใฆใ„
13:44
it. So it can be used to encourage someone. If they say
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆใ€่ชฐใ‹ใ‚’ๅŠฑใพใ™ใŸใ‚ใซไฝฟ็”จใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใŒใงใใพใ™ ใ€‚
13:47
they might do something or they're thinking about do
ๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’ใ™ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใชใ„ใจ่จ€ใ†
13:50
something if you say go for it. Um or it's a way to give
ใ‹ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใใ‚ŒใฎใŸใ‚ใซ่กŒใใจ่จ€ใ†ใชใ‚‰ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’ใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’่€ƒใˆใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใใ‚Œใฏ่จฑๅฏใ‚’ไธŽใˆใ‚‹ๆ–นๆณ•
13:54
permission. Like may I have a donut? I could say sure or I
ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใƒ‰ใƒผใƒŠใƒ„ใ‚’้ ‚ใ‘ใพใ™ใ‹๏ผŸ ็งใฏ็ขบใ‹ใซ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใŒใงใใ‚‹ใ‹ใ€็ง
13:58
could say go for it. So here's one that I've mentioned during
ใฏใใ‚ŒใฎใŸใ‚ใซ่กŒใใจ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใŒใงใใพใ™ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œใงใ€ ใ“ใ‚ŒใŒ็งใŒ
14:02
the question session. Sit down and take a seat. These two
่ณชๅ•ใ‚ปใƒƒใ‚ทใƒงใƒณใฎ้–“ใซ่จ€ๅŠใ—ใŸใ‚‚ใฎใงใ™ใ€‚ ๅบงใฃใฆๅบงใฃใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ ใ€‚ ๅบงใ‚‹ใจๅบงใ‚‹ใจใ„ใ†ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚‰ใฎ2ใคใฎ
14:06
commands verb to sit and to take a seat is a is a verbal
ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ๅ‹•่ฉž ใฏใ€ๅ‹•่ฉž
14:10
phrase. Um both mean that you're talking to people who
ๅฅใงใ™ใ€‚ ใฉใกใ‚‰ใ‚‚ใ€
14:14
are standing up and you're asking them to find a chair or
็ซ‹ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ไบบใจ่ฉฑใ—ใฆใ„ใฆ ใ€ๆค…ๅญใ‚’ๆŽขใ™ใ‹
14:18
to sit on the floor. Uh and you're asking them to sit down.
ๅบŠใซๅบงใ‚‹ใ‚ˆใ†ใซ้ ผใ‚“ใงใ„ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๆ„ๅ‘ณใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใซๅบงใ‚‹ใ‚ˆใ†ใซ้ ผใ‚“ใงใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
14:22
Um teachers use this. Um if you go to a meeting maybe you go to
ใˆใˆใจใ€ๅ…ˆ็”Ÿใฏใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’ไฝฟใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใ‚ใชใŸ ใŒไผš่ญฐใซ่กŒใใชใ‚‰ใ€ๅคšๅˆ†ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ
14:26
city hall and there's a meeting. Before the meeting
ๅธ‚ๅฝนๆ‰€ใซ่กŒใใ€ ไผš่ญฐใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ไผš่ญฐใฎๅ‰ใซใ€
14:29
everyone is standing around talking. Someone might go to
ใฟใ‚“ใชใŒ็ซ‹ใฃใฆ ่ฉฑใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ€‚ ่ชฐใ‹
14:33
the mic and go can I have everyone sit down please? Could
ใŒใƒžใ‚คใ‚ฏใซ่กŒใฃใฆ่กŒใใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใŒใ€ ใฟใ‚“ใชใซๅบงใฃใฆใ‚‚ใ‚‰ใ†ใ“ใจใฏใงใใพใ™ใ‹๏ผŸ
14:37
you sit down please? Um hey Could take a seat please. We're
ๅบงใฃใฆใ„ใŸใ ใ‘ใพใ›ใ‚“ใ‹๏ผŸ ใˆใˆใจใ€ๅธญใซ็€ใ„ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚
14:41
going to start the meeting. So notice again adding the word
ไผš่ญฐใ‚’้–‹ๅง‹ใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ ใ‚‚ใ†ไธ€ๅบฆๅ˜่ชžใ‚’่ฟฝๅŠ ใ—ใฆ
14:45
please softens it a bit and makes it kinder. Um but it's
ใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ๅฐ‘ใ—ๆŸ”ใ‚‰ใ‹ใใ—ใฆใ€ๅ„ชใ—ใใ— ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใใ‚Œใฏ
14:49
definitely a way to ask people to sit down to find a chair and
้–“้•ใ„ใชใไบบใ€… ใซๆค…ๅญใ‚’่ฆ‹ใคใ‘ใฆๆค…ๅญใซ
14:53
sit in the chair or even to sit on the floor if that's what
ๅบงใ‚‹ใ‚ˆใ†ใซใ€ใ‚ใ‚‹ใ„ใฏใใ‚ŒใŒ
14:56
you're doing. And then the opposite of course is stand up.
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใชใ‚‰ๅบŠใซๅบงใ‚‹ใ‚ˆใ†ใซ้ ผใ‚€ๆ–นๆณ•ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆ ใ‚‚ใกใ‚ใ‚“ใใฎๅๅฏพใฏ็ซ‹ใกไธŠใŒใ‚‹ใ“ใจใงใ™ใ€‚
14:59
So maybe you are somewhere where a whole bunch of people
ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ๅคšๅˆ†ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ใŸใใ•ใ‚“ใฎไบบใ€…ใŒๅบงใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจใ“ใ‚ใซใ„ใ‚‹ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†
15:03
are sitting. And the person in charge needs everyone to stand
ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€ๆ‹…ๅฝ“่€…ใฏ ๅ…จๅ“กใŒ็ซ‹ใกไธŠใŒใ‚‹ๅฟ…่ฆใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™
15:08
up. They would just say stand up. And again if you Wanted to
ใ€‚ ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏใŸใ ็ซ‹ใกไธŠใŒใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ† ใ€‚ ใพใŸใ€
15:12
soften it and make it a little more polite you would say stand
ๆŸ”ใ‚‰ใ‹ใใ—ใฆ ใ‚‚ใ†ๅฐ‘ใ—็คผๅ„€ๆญฃใ—ใใ—ใŸใ„ๅ ดๅˆใฏใ€
15:15
up please. Uh I see in the chat from Yaroslav someone saying or
็ซ‹ใกไธŠใŒใฃใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€Yaroslavใ‹ใ‚‰ใฎใƒใƒฃใƒƒใƒˆใง ใ€่ชฐใ‹ใŒ่จ€ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ€
15:20
Yaroslav saying please be seated. That's definitely
YaroslavใŒๅบงใฃใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใจ่จ€ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใŒใ‚ใ‹ใ‚Š ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œใฏ้–“้•ใ„ใชใ
15:23
another way to say it kindly. Find a seat please. Take a seat
ใใ‚Œใ‚’่ฆชๅˆ‡ใซ่จ€ใ†ๅˆฅใฎๆ–นๆณ•ใงใ™ใ€‚ ๅธญใ‚’่ฆ‹ใคใ‘ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ๅบงใฃใฆ
15:28
please. Please be seated or sit down please. All of those are
ใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ๅบงใฃ ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€ใพใŸใฏๅบงใฃใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚‰ใฏใ™ในใฆ
15:32
common ways. Um and again the example of if a meeting is
ไธ€่ˆฌ็š„ใชๆ–นๆณ•ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจ ใ€ไผš่ญฐใŒๅง‹ใพใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ๅ ดๅˆใฎไพ‹ใฏใ€
15:36
starting that's what you would hear. Great addition Yaroslav.
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ่žใใ‚‚ใฎใงใ™ ใ€‚ ็ด ๆ™ดใ‚‰ใ—ใ„่ฟฝๅŠ Yaroslavใ€‚
15:39
Help. So this person is fine by the way. This is a picture of a
ใƒ˜ใƒซใƒ—ใ€‚ ใกใชใฟใซใ“ใฎไบบใฏๅ…ƒๆฐ— ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใ“ใ‚Œใฏๆณณใ„ใงใ„ใ‚‹ไบบใฎๅ†™็œŸใงใ€
15:44
person swimming and they're doing they're they're fine.
ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏๅ…ƒๆฐ—ใงใ™ใ€‚
15:47
They they're just yelling help. Because they want someone to
ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏใŸใ ๅŠฉใ‘ใ‚’ๅซใ‚“ใงใ„ใ‚‹ใ ใ‘ใงใ™ใ€‚ ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏ่ชฐใ‹ใŒๅฝผใ‚‰ใ‚’ๅŠฉใ‘ใฆๆฌฒใ—ใ„ใ‹ใ‚‰
15:50
help them. So this is something that you yell when you are in
ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใฏ ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๅฑ้™บใซใ•ใ‚‰ใ•ใ‚Œใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจใใซใ‚ใชใŸใŒๅซใถใ‚‚ใฎใงใ™
15:55
danger. So let's say you fall down and you hurt your leg and
ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œใงใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ ๅ€’ใ‚Œใฆ่ถณใ‚’็—›ใ‚ใ€
16:00
you can't get up. You would yell help. Let's say you're
่ตทใไธŠใŒใ‚Œใชใ„ใจใ—ใพใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ๅŠฉใ‘ใ‚’ๅซใถใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ
16:03
swimming and you don't know how to swim and you're sinking. You
ๆณณใ„ใงใ„ใฆใ€ๆณณใๆ–นๆณ•ใŒใ‚ใ‹ใ‚‰ใš ใ€ๆฒˆใ‚“ใงใ„ใ‚‹ใจใ—ใพใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸ
16:06
would yell help. Well you need to have your head above water.
ใฏๅŠฉใ‘ใ‚’ๅซใถใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใ•ใฆ ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ้ ญใ‚’ๆฐดใฎไธŠใซ็ฝฎใๅฟ…่ฆใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚
16:11
Do that of course. Um but definitely this is the short
ใ‚‚ใกใ‚ใ‚“ใใ†ใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใ—ใ‹ใ— ้–“้•ใ„ใชใใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใฏ
16:14
and quick way to let someone know that you need assistance.
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๆดๅŠฉใ‚’ๅฟ…่ฆใจใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’่ชฐใ‹ใซ็Ÿฅใ‚‰ใ›ใ‚‹ใŸใ‚ใฎ็Ÿญใใฆ้€Ÿใ„ๆ–นๆณ•ใงใ™ใ€‚
16:19
You need someone to come and help you. So you would yell
ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ่ชฐใ‹ใŒๆฅใฆใ‚ใชใŸใ‚’ๅŠฉใ‘ใ‚‹ๅฟ…่ฆใŒใ‚ใ‚Š ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ‚ใชใŸใฏๅŠฉใ‘ใ‚’ๅซใถ
16:23
help. Um Another negative version of a command is the
ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใฎใ‚‚ใ†1ใคใฎๅฆๅฎš็š„ใช ใƒใƒผใ‚ธใƒงใƒณใฏใ€
16:29
don't forget phrase. Sometimes in life you go to do something
ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ไบบ็”Ÿใฎไธญใงๆ™‚ใ€…ใ‚ใชใŸใฏไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’ใ™ใ‚‹ใŸใ‚ใซ่กŒใใ€
16:33
and you forget what you were supposed to do. So sometimes
ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใ‚ใชใŸใŒใ™ใ‚‹ ใ“ใจใซใชใฃใฆใ„ใŸใ“ใจใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใพใ™ใ€‚
16:36
Jen for instance will text me and say don't forget to go to
ใŸใจใˆใฐใ€ใ‚ธใ‚งใƒณใŒ็งใซใƒ†ใ‚ญใ‚นใƒˆ ใ‚’้€ใฃใฆใ€้ฃŸๆ–™ๅ“ๅบ—ใซ่กŒใใฎใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™
16:41
the grocery store. Don't forget to get the mail. Don't forget
ใ€‚ ใƒกใƒผใƒซใ‚’ๅ—ใ‘ๅ–ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ ใ€‚
16:45
to pick up some milk. So the don't forget command is used to
ใƒŸใƒซใ‚ฏใ‚’้ฃฒใ‚€ใฎใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆใ€ ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใฏใ€
16:50
remind someone. When students leave my class I'll say don't
่ชฐใ‹ใซๆ€ใ„ๅ‡บใ•ใ›ใ‚‹ใŸใ‚ใซไฝฟ็”จใ•ใ‚Œใพใ™ใ€‚ ็”Ÿๅพ’ ใŒ็งใฎใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใ‚’้›ขใ‚Œใ‚‹ใจใ
16:54
forget to do your homework don't forget to finish your
ใ€ๅฎฟ้กŒใ‚’ ใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€ใใ—ใฆใ‚ใชใŸใฎใƒ—ใƒญใ‚ธใ‚งใ‚ฏใƒˆใ‚’็ต‚ใˆใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„
16:58
project. Don't forget to finish your assignment. So the don't
ใ€‚ ๅ‰ฒใ‚Šๅฝ“ใฆใ‚’ๅฎŒไบ†ใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใง ใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆใ€ใƒใ‚ฌใƒ†ใ‚ฃใƒ–ใงใ‚ใฃใฆใ‚‚ใ€ใƒ•ใ‚ฉใƒผใƒžใƒƒใƒˆใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใง
17:01
forget to format even though it's the negative. Basically
ใใ ใ•ใ„ ใ€‚ ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซใ€
17:05
it's a way to remind people that they need to do something.
ใใ‚Œใฏไบบใ€… ใซไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’ใ™ใ‚‹ๅฟ…่ฆใŒใ‚ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๆ€ใ„ๅ‡บใ•ใ›ใ‚‹ๆ–นๆณ•ใงใ™ใ€‚ ็ซๆ›œๆ—ฅใซ
17:09
Don't forget to watch my video on Tuesday. Don't forget to
็งใฎใƒ“ใƒ‡ใ‚ชใ‚’่ฆ‹ใ‚‹ใฎใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ ใ€‚ ๆ•ฐๆ—ฅๅพŒใซใ“ใฎใƒ“ใƒ‡ใ‚ชใ‚’ใ‚‚ใ†ไธ€ๅบฆ่ฆ‹ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„
17:13
watch this video again in a couple of days. See I'm using
ใ€‚ ็งใŒใ™ใใซใใ‚Œใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„
17:16
it right there. Don't be late. Another negative form of a
ใ€‚ ้…ใ‚Œใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใฎ ใ‚‚ใ†1ใคใฎๅฆๅฎš็š„ใชๅฝขๅผ
17:22
command. You're telling people that instead of Be on time.
ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏไบบใ€… ใซๆ™‚้–“้€šใ‚Šใซใ„ใ‚‹ไปฃใ‚ใ‚Šใซใใ‚Œใ‚’่จ€ใฃใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
17:27
That would be the reverse. The affirmative or positive version
ใใ‚Œใฏ้€†ใซใชใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ่‚ฏๅฎš็š„ใพใŸใฏ่‚ฏๅฎš็š„ใชใƒใƒผใ‚ธใƒงใƒณ
17:31
right? Be on time tomorrow. You could also say don't be late
ใงใ—ใ‚‡๏ผŸ ๆ˜Žๆ—ฅใฏๆ™‚้–“้€šใ‚Šใซใ€‚ ๆ˜Žๆ—ฅ ้…ใใชใ‚‰ใชใ„ใ‚ˆใ†ใซ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใ‚‚ใงใ
17:35
tomorrow. So again a command telling people make sure that
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ใ“ใ“ใงใ‚‚ใ€
17:39
you arrive somewhere at the time when you are supposed to
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใใ“ใซใ„ใ‚‹ใฏใšใฎๆ™‚้–“ใซใฉใ“ใ‹ใซๅˆฐ็€ใ™ใ‚‹
17:43
be there. Don't be late. Be on time. Just need a little sip of
ใ“ใจใ‚’ไบบใ€…ใซไผใˆใ‚‹ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ้…ใ‚Œใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ้–“ใซๅˆใ†ใ€‚ ใ“ใ“ใงๅฐ‘ใ—ๆฐดใ‚’้ฃฒใ‚€ๅฟ…่ฆใŒใ‚ใ‚Š
17:48
water here. If you wanted to give me a command to drink you
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ ็งใซ้ฃฒใ‚€ใ‚ˆใ†ใซๅ‘ฝไปคใ—ใŸใ„ใฎใชใ‚‰ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ้ฃฒใฟ็‰ฉใ‚’
17:52
would say take a drink or take a sip of water. Um Don't move.
้ฃฒใ‚€ใ‹ใ€ๆฐดใ‚’ไธ€ๅฃ้ฃฒใ‚€ใจ่จ€ใ†ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ† ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ๅ‹•ใ‹ใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚
17:59
So you'll hear this phrase quite often on police shows.
ใใฎใŸใ‚ ใ€่ญฆๅฏŸใฎ็•ช็ต„ใงใ“ใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใ‚’ใ‚ˆใ่€ณใซใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚
18:02
Sometimes when the police arrest someone the person will
่ญฆๅฏŸใŒ ่ชฐใ‹ใ‚’้€ฎๆ•ใ™ใ‚‹ใจใ€ใใฎไบบ
18:06
be running away and the the police will pull out their gun
ใฏ้€ƒใ’ๅ‡บใ—ใ€ ่ญฆๅฏŸใฏ้Šƒใ‚’ๆŠœใ„ใฆใ€
18:08
and they'll say don't move. And then they'll arrest the person.
ๅ‹•ใ‹ใชใ„ใ‚ˆใ†ใซ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏใใฎไบบใ‚’้€ฎๆ•ใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚
18:12
But we also say this to people sometimes when we see a
ใ—ใ‹ใ— ใ€่šŠใŒๅฝผใ‚‰ใซ็€้™ธใ™ใ‚‹ใฎใ‚’่ฆ‹ใ‚‹ใจใใ€็งใŸใกใฏๆ™‚ใ€…ไบบใ€…ใซใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’่จ€ใ„
18:15
mosquito land on them. And we want to swat the mosquito. We
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆ ่šŠใ‚’ใŸใŸใใŸใ„ใงใ™ใ€‚
18:19
might say oh don't move. And then we'll swat the mosquito.
ๅ‹•ใ‹ใชใ„ใงใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€่šŠใ‚’ๅฉใใพใ™ใ€‚
18:23
When I sit around a campfire with my family sometimes Jen or
็งใŒๅฎถๆ—ใจไธ€็ท’ใซใ‚ญใƒฃใƒณใƒ—ใƒ•ใ‚กใ‚คใƒคใƒผใฎๅ‘จใ‚Šใซๅบงใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจใ ใ€ๆ™‚ใ€…ใ‚ธใ‚งใƒณใ‚„
18:27
my sister or somebody will all of the sudden say don't move
็งใฎๅฆนใ‚„่ชฐใ‹ ใŒ็ช็„ถใƒœใƒ–ใ‚’ๅ‹•ใ‹ใ•ใชใ„ใจ่จ€ใ†ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†
18:30
Bob. And then all of a sudden whack and then they'll have hit
ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€็ช็„ถใฎ ๅผทๆ‰“ใฎใ™ในใฆใ€ใใ—ใฆๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏ
18:33
or swatted the mosquitoes. So don't move is a command you use
่šŠใ‚’ๆฎดใฃใŸใ‚Šๅฉใ„ใŸใ‚Šใ™ใ‚‹ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆ ใ€็งปๅ‹•ใ—ใชใ„ใจใ„ใ†ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใฏใ€็งปๅ‹•ใ—ใชใ„ใ‚ˆใ†ใซไบบใ€…ใซๆŒ‡็คบใ™ใ‚‹ใŸใ‚ใซไฝฟ็”จใ™ใ‚‹ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใงใ™
18:38
to tell people not to move maybe to swat a bug that's on
18:43
or for another reason. Um there's could be a variety of
ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจ ใ€ใใ‚Œใ‚‰ใฎๆง˜ใ€…ใชๅฏ่ƒฝๆ€งใŒใ‚ใ‚Š
18:46
them. So you might be familiar with this phrase because you
ใพใ™ใ€‚
18:50
hear this often in a restaurant in English when the waiter or
ใ‚ฆใ‚งใ‚คใ‚ฟใƒผใ‚„
18:54
waitress brings you your food. They will say enjoy your meal.
ใ‚ฆใ‚งใ‚คใƒˆใƒฌใ‚นใŒใ‚ใชใŸใซ้ฃŸใน็‰ฉใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆใใŸใจใใซ่‹ฑ่ชžใฎใƒฌใ‚นใƒˆใƒฉใƒณใงใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’ใ‚ˆใ่žใใฎใงใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใ“ใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใซ็ฒพ้€šใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏใ‚ใชใŸใฎ้ฃŸไบ‹ใ‚’ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚€ใจ่จ€ใ†ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚
18:58
They will say here you go. Enjoy your meal and they will
ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏใ“ใ“ใซใ‚ใชใŸใŒ่กŒใใจ่จ€ใ†ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฎ้ฃŸไบ‹ใ‚’ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€ใใ—ใฆใ€ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏ
19:02
give you your food. So it's just a very polite command.
ใ‚ใชใŸใซใ‚ใชใŸใฎ้ฃŸใน็‰ฉใ‚’ไธŽใˆใพใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ ใใ‚Œใฏ้žๅธธใซไธๅฏงใชๅ‘ฝไปคใงใ™ใ€‚
19:06
Again it's the to enjoy. But it's used to kind of wish
็นฐใ‚Š่ฟ”ใ—ใพใ™ใŒใ€ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚€ใ“ใจใงใ™ใ€‚ ใ—ใ‹ใ—ใ€ ใใ‚Œ
19:10
someone well at a restaurant. So enjoy your meal. Thanks for
ใฏใƒฌใ‚นใƒˆใƒฉใƒณใง่ชฐใ‹ใ‚’ใ†ใพใ้ก˜ใ†ใŸใ‚ใซไฝฟ็”จใ•ใ‚Œใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ‚ใชใŸใฎ้ฃŸไบ‹ใ‚’ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ๆฅใฆใ„ใŸใ ใใ‚ใ‚ŠใŒใจใ†ใ”ใ–ใ„
19:14
coming. Here's your food. Enjoy your meal. So they want you to
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ“ใ‚ŒใŒใ‚ใชใŸใฎ้ฃŸใน็‰ฉใงใ™ใ€‚ ใฉใ†ใžใŠๅฌใ—ไธŠใŒใ‚Šใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏใ‚ใชใŸใซๆฅฝใ—ใ„้ฃŸไบ‹ใ‚’ใ—ใฆใ‚‚ใ‚‰ใ„ใŸใ„ใฎใงใ™
19:17
have a good time eating. A good time talking with your friends.
ใ€‚ ใŠๅ‹้”ใจใŠ่ฉฑใ—ใ™ใ‚‹ใฎใซๆฅฝใ—ใ„ๆ™‚้–“ใงใ™ใ€‚
19:21
And just a nice time at the restaurant where you're at. So
ใใ—ใฆ ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใ„ใ‚‹ใƒฌใ‚นใƒˆใƒฉใƒณใงใกใ‚‡ใ†ใฉใ„ใ„ๆ™‚้–“ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰
19:25
enjoy your meal. You could say this at home too. Like I guess
ใ‚ใชใŸใฎ้ฃŸไบ‹ใ‚’ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ๅฎถใงใ‚‚ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใŒใงใใพใ™ใ€‚
19:28
I could say if I had guests over. I might you know bring
็งใŒใ‚ฒใ‚นใƒˆใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆใ„ใ‚Œใฐ็งใŒ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใŒใงใใ‚‹ใจๆ€ใ†ใ‚ˆใ†ใซ ใ€‚
19:32
the food to the table and say enjoy your meal. But it's most
้ฃŸใน็‰ฉใ‚’ใƒ†ใƒผใƒ–ใƒซใซๆŒใฃใฆใใฆ ใ€้ฃŸไบ‹ใ‚’ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใ‚’็Ÿฅใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ—ใ‹ใ—ใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใฏใƒฌใ‚นใƒˆใƒฉใƒณใง่žใใฎใŒๆœ€ใ‚‚
19:35
common to hear this in a restaurant. Uh Audi said Bob I
ไธ€่ˆฌ็š„ ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ‚ขใ‚ฆใƒ‡ใ‚ฃใฏใƒœใƒ–ใŒ็งใŒ
19:40
just checked. Yeah I will fix that Audi after this lesson for
ใกใ‚‡ใ†ใฉใƒใ‚งใƒƒใ‚ฏใ—ใŸใจ่จ€ใ„ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ ใˆใˆใ€็งใฏ็ขบใ‹ ใซใ“ใฎใƒฌใƒƒใ‚นใƒณใฎๅพŒใซใใฎใ‚ขใ‚ฆใƒ‡ใ‚ฃใ‚’ไฟฎๆญฃใ—
19:44
sure. Um we also have borrowed a phrase. We say this two ways.
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€็งใŸใกใ‚‚ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใ‚’ๅ€Ÿใ‚Šใพใ— ใŸใ€‚ ็งใŸใกใฏใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’2ใคใฎๆ–นๆณ•ใง่จ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
19:50
When someone is going on a trip we will often say have a good
่ชฐใ‹ใŒๆ—…่กŒใซ่กŒใใจใใ€ ็งใŸใกใฏใ—ใฐใ—ใฐ่‰ฏใ„ๆ—…่กŒใ‚’ใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ„ใพใ™
19:55
trip. Uh we will say enjoy yourself. And we might even say
ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใง ใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€็งใŸใกใฏใƒœใƒณใƒœใƒคใƒผใ‚ธใƒฅใจใ•ใˆ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
19:59
bon voyage. Which is not English. It's French. So we
ใ€‚ ใ“ใ‚Œใฏ่‹ฑ่ชžใงใฏใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ ใ€‚ ใƒ•ใƒฉใƒณใ‚น่ชžใงใ™ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€่‰ฏใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅ
20:03
have a number of phrases that we use similar to have a good
ใ‚’้Žใ”ใ™ใŸใ‚ใซ็งใŸใกใŒไฝฟ็”จใ™ใ‚‹ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใŒใ„ใใคใ‹ใ‚ใ‚Š
20:06
day. Have a great day. We sometimes will say people. Have
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ™ใฆใใชไธ€ๆ—ฅใ‚’ใ€‚ ไบบใจ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใ‚‚ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚
20:10
a good trip. Have a great trip or bon voyage. Basically
่‰ฏใ„ๆ—…ใ‚’ใ€‚ ็ด ๆ™ดใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ๆ—…่กŒ ใ‚„ใƒœใƒณใƒœใƒคใƒผใ‚ธใƒฅใ‚’ใŠๆฅฝใ—ใฟใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซใ€ๆ—…่กŒ
20:14
wishing someone well when they leave to go on a trip. We're
ใซๅ‡บใ‹ใ‘ใ‚‹ใจใใซ่ชฐใ‹ใŒๅ…ƒๆฐ—ใซใชใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’้ก˜ใฃใฆใ„ ใพใ™ใ€‚
20:18
basically saying the long version would be I hope when
ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซใƒญใƒณใ‚ฐ ใƒใƒผใ‚ธใƒงใƒณ
20:22
you are on your vacation or trip that you have fun
ใฏใ€ไผ‘ๆš‡ใ‚„ ๆ—…่กŒใฎ้š›ใซๆฏŽๆ—ฅๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใ„ใŸใ ใ‘ใ‚Œใฐๅนธใ„ใงใ™
20:25
everyday. Have a good trip. Uh and then in there I said enjoy
ใ€‚ ่‰ฏใ„ๆ—…ใ‚’ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจ ใ€ใใ“ใง็งใ‚‚ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใจ่จ€ใ„
20:29
yourself as well. I'm not sure if you've heard that one. Have
ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ ่žใ„ใŸใ“ใจใŒใ‚ใ‚‹ ใ‹ใ‚ใ‹ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
20:32
a good trip. Bon voyage. Enjoy yourself. Watch your mouth is
่‰ฏใ„ๆ—…ใ‚’ใ€‚ ้“ไธญใ”็„กไบ‹ใซใ€‚ ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใง ใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฎๅฃใŒๆ‚ชใ„่จ€่‘‰
20:38
something that usually adults say to children when they use a
ใ‚’ไฝฟใ†ใจใใ€้€šๅธธๅคงไบบใŒๅญไพ›ใซ่จ€ใ†ใ‚‚ใฎใงใ‚ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใซๆณจๆ„ใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„
20:44
bad word. Excuse me. Like when they use a swear word they'll
ใ€‚ ใ™ใฟใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒๅฎฃ่ช“ใฎ่จ€่‘‰ใ‚’ไฝฟใ†ใจใใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใซใ€ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏ
20:49
say watch your mouth. Um it basically means stop swearing.
ใ‚ใชใŸใฎๅฃใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใจ่จ€ใ†ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใใ‚Œใฏ ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซๅฎฃ่ช“ใ‚’ใ‚„ใ‚ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๆ„ๅ‘ณใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚
20:53
Stop using swear words. If yeah if if a student yeah how would
ๅ†’ใจใ็š„ใช่จ€่‘‰ใฎไฝฟ็”จใ‚’ใ‚„ใ‚ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ‚‚ใ—ใใ† ใชใ‚‰ใ€ใ‚‚ใ—ๅญฆ็”ŸใŒใใ†ใชใ‚‰ใ€
20:59
I say this? I'm not sure I would say watch your mouth
็งใฏใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’ใฉใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใซ่จ€ใ†ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ‹๏ผŸ ๅฃใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚ใ‹ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“
21:02
please. Because if a student swears in class I usually ask
ใ€‚ ใชใœใชใ‚‰ใ€็”Ÿๅพ’ ใŒใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใง่ช“ใ†ใชใ‚‰ใ€็งใฏ้€šๅธธ
21:05
them to go sit in the hall. And then I might go to them later
ใ€ใƒ›ใƒผใƒซใซๅบงใฃใฆ่กŒใใ‚ˆใ†ใซๅฝผใ‚‰ใซ้ ผใ‚€ใ‹ใ‚‰ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€ๅพŒใงๅฝผใ‚‰ใฎใจใ“ใ‚ใซ่กŒใฃใฆ
21:09
and say look you can't swear in class. I watch your mouth is
ใ€ใ‚ฏใƒฉใ‚นใง่ช“ใ†ใ“ใจใฏใงใใชใ„ใ‚ˆใ†ใซ่ฆ‹ใˆใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ ใ€‚ ็งใฏใ‚ใชใŸใฎๅฃใŒ
21:13
very direct. Like angry parent might say this to a child who
้žๅธธใซ็›ดๆŽฅ็š„ใงใ‚ใ‚‹ใฎใ‚’่ฆ‹ใพใ™ใ€‚ ๆ€’ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹่ฆชใฎใ‚ˆใ† ใซใ€่ช“ใ†ๅญไพ›ใซใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
21:17
swears. So if they said the F word or something like that
ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ใ‚‚ใ—ๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒFใฎ ่จ€่‘‰ใ‹ใใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใชใ“ใจ
21:20
they might say hey watch your mouth. Um you can't say that
ใ‚’่จ€ใฃใŸใ‚‰ใ€ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏใกใ‚‡ใฃใจใ‚ใชใŸใฎๅฃใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏๅ…ฌใฎๅ ดใงใใฎ่จ€่‘‰ใ‚’่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใฏใงใใพใ›ใ‚“
21:23
word in public. And then you've might have seen this if you've
ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ่‹ฑ่ชžๅœใฎๅ›ฝใซ่กŒใฃใŸ ใ“ใจใŒใ‚ใ‚Œใฐใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’่ฆ‹ใŸใ“ใจใŒใ‚ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
21:28
been to an English speaking country. Watch your step. This
ใ€‚ ่ถณใ‚‚ใจๆณจๆ„ใ€‚ ใ“ใ‚Œ
21:31
means that there might be a little gap between you and the
ใฏใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใจ้›ป่ปŠใฎ้–“ใซๅฐ‘ใ—ใ‚ฎใƒฃใƒƒใƒ—ใŒใ‚ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใชใ„ใ“ใจใ‚’ๆ„ๅ‘ณใ— ใพใ™
21:35
train. Maybe there's a set of stairs where the stairs are
ใ€‚ ้šŽๆฎตใŒ
21:38
really narrow and the steps aren't very big. Anytime you're
ใจใฆใ‚‚็‹ญใใ€้šŽๆฎต ใŒใใ‚Œใปใฉๅคงใใใชใ„้šŽๆฎตใŒใ‚ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
21:42
in a situation where you might trip and Fall because things
็‰ฉไบ‹
21:45
are uneven or there's a hole or any of those kinds of things.
ใŒไธๅ‡ไธ€ใ ใฃใŸใ‚Šใ€็ฉดใŒใ‚ใฃใŸใ‚Š ใ€ใใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใชใ‚‚ใฎใŒใ‚ใฃใŸใ‚Šใ—ใฆใ€ใคใพใšใ„ใŸใ‚Š่ปขใ‚“ใ ใ‚Šใ™ใ‚‹ๅฏ่ƒฝๆ€งใŒใ‚ใ‚‹็Šถๆณใซใ‚ใ‚‹ใจใใฏใ„ใคใงใ‚‚ใ€‚
21:50
There will be a sign that says watch your step. Caution watch
่ถณๅ…ƒใซๆณจๆ„ใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใจใ„ใ†ใ‚ตใ‚คใƒณใŒใ‚ใ‚Š ใพใ™ใ€‚ ๆณจๆ„ใ—ใฆ่ถณๅ…ƒใซๆณจๆ„ใ—ใฆ
21:53
your step. It basically means be careful when you walk here.
ใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ ใซใ“ใ“ใ‚’ๆญฉใใจใใฏๆณจๆ„ใŒๅฟ…่ฆใงใ™ใ€‚
21:57
Watch your step. Be nice. So this is something we often say
่ถณใ‚‚ใจๆณจๆ„ใ€‚ ็ด ๆ•ตใซใชใ‚Šใชใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ ใ“ใ‚Œใฏ
22:03
to our children when they go to school. We say have a good day.
็งใŸใกใŒๅญไพ›ใŸใกใŒๅญฆๆ กใซ่กŒใใจใใซใ‚ˆใ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจ ใงใ™ใ€‚ ่‰ฏใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅใ‚’ใ€‚
22:06
Enjoy your day at school. Be nice. Or be nice to your
ๅญฆๆ กใงใฎไธ€ๆ—ฅใ‚’ใŠๆฅฝใ—ใฟใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ็ด ๆ•ตใซใชใ‚Šใชใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ใพใŸใฏใ‚ใชใŸใฎๅ…ˆ็”Ÿใซ่ฆชๅˆ‡ใซใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„
22:11
teachers. We sometimes say that too. Uh I often say this when
ใ€‚ ็งใŸใกใฏๆ™‚ใ€…ใใ‚Œใ‚‚่จ€ใ„ ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€็”Ÿๅพ’ใŒ็งใฎๆ•™ๅฎคใ‚’้›ขใ‚Œใ‚‹ใจใใ€็งใฏใ‚ˆใใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’่จ€ใ„
22:15
students leave my classroom. I'll say hey have a good night.
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใŠใ‚„ใ™ใฟใชใ•ใ„ใ€‚
22:19
See you tomorrow. Be nice to your parents. Because I always
ใพใŸๆ˜Žๆ—ฅใญใ€‚ ใ”ไธก่ฆชใซๅ„ชใ—ใใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ็งใฏใ„ใคใ‚‚
22:21
know sometimes teenagers aren't nice to their parents. So this
ใƒ†ใ‚ฃใƒผใƒณใ‚จใ‚คใ‚ธใƒฃใƒผ ใŒไธก่ฆชใซ่ฆชๅˆ‡ใงใฏใชใ„ใ“ใจใ‚’็Ÿฅใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ‹ใ‚‰ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใคใพใ‚Šใ€ใ“ใ‚Œ
22:25
is a command that's given in a nice way. It's it's not
ใฏ ่‰ฏใ„ๆ–นๆณ•ใงไธŽใˆใ‚‰ใ‚Œใ‚‹ใ‚ณใƒžใƒณใƒ‰ใงใ™ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œใฏ
22:29
something like you're not like be nice. You you wouldn't say
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใ„ใ„ไบบใงใฏใชใ„ใ‚ˆใ†ใชใ‚‚ใฎใงใฏใชใ„ใจใ„ใ† ใ“ใจใงใ™ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ
22:32
it in a mean way. You would definitely say it in a nice
ใใ‚Œใ‚’ๆ„ๅ‘ณใฎใ‚ใ‚‹ๆ–นๆณ•ใง่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใฏใชใ„ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ้–“้•ใ„ใชใใใ‚Œใ‚’ใ„ใ„ๆ–นๆณ•ใง่จ€ใ†ใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†
22:35
kind way. Would say hey see you later be nice and it is again
ใ€‚ ๅพŒใงใŠไผšใ„ใ—ใพใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚
22:39
usually someone like an adult talking to children you might
ๅคงไบบใฎใ‚ˆใ† ใซๅญไพ›ใจ่ฉฑใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใŒ
22:44
say this to your dog as well by the way if your dog growls you
ๆ™ฎ้€šใงใ™ใ€‚ใกใชใฟใซใ€็ŠฌใŒใ†ใชใ‚Šๅฃฐใ‚’ไธŠใ’ใŸใ‚‰ใ€ใฒใ‚‚ใซใคใชใ„ใง
22:48
might pull them back on their leash and say hey be nice. This
ๅผ•ใฃๅผตใฃใฆ ใ€ใ„ใ„ใญใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ“ใ‚Œ
22:52
is our neighbour. Don't growl at our neighbour. Be nice. Have
ใฏ็งใŸใกใฎ้šฃไบบใงใ™ใ€‚ ็งใŸใกใฎ้šฃไบบใซๅ”ธใ‚‰ใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ็ด ๆ•ตใซใชใ‚Šใชใ•ใ„ใ€‚
22:57
fun is another good one. Um sometimes people I'm trying to
ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚€ใ“ใจใ‚‚่‰ฏใ„ใ“ใจใงใ™ใ€‚ ๆ™‚ใ€…ใ€็งใŒใ‚ฒใƒผใƒžใƒผใ‚’่€ƒใˆใ‚ˆใ†ใจใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ไบบใฏ
23:01
think gamers if any of you are younger there's short forms
ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฎ่ชฐใ‹ใŒ่‹ฅใ„ๅ ดๅˆใ€
23:05
like good luck have is something they say in video
ๅนธ้‹ใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใช็Ÿญใ„ๅฝขๅผ ใŒใƒ“ใƒ‡ใ‚ชใ‚ฒใƒผใƒ ใงๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใงใ‚ใ‚‹
23:09
gaming or at least they used to what I was more of a gamer
ใ‹ใ€ๅฐ‘ใชใใจใ‚‚ใ‚ฒใƒผใƒ ใ‚„่ฉฆๅˆใฎๅ‰ใซ ็งใŒใ‚ฒใƒผใƒžใƒผใงใ‚ใฃใŸใ“ใจใซๆ…ฃใ‚Œใฆใ„ใพใ—ใŸ
23:12
before a game or a match. So GL HF good luck have fun. Um when
ใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰GLHFใฎ ๅนธ้‹ใ‚’ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚
23:19
you say good luck to someone or have fun to someone. You're
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ่ชฐใ‹ใซๅนธ้‹ใ‚’่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ€ ่ชฐใ‹ใซๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใ„ใ‚‹ใจใใ€ใˆใˆใจใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ
23:22
basically just saying I hope what you're going to do is
ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซ ใ‚ใชใŸใŒใ‚„ใ‚ใ†ใจใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใŒไฝ•ใ‹ๆฅฝใ—ใ„ใ“ใจใ‚’้ก˜ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ ใ‘ใงใ™
23:25
something fun. Okay. So if someone was going hiking I
ใ€‚ ใ‚ใ‹ใฃใŸใ€‚ ใ ใ‹ใ‚‰ ่ชฐใ‹ใŒใƒใ‚คใ‚ญใƒณใ‚ฐใซ่กŒใใชใ‚‰ใ€
23:29
could say hey have fun. That have a good day. Have fun.
ใกใ‚‡ใฃใจๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใ„ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใŒใงใใพใ™ใ€‚ ่‰ฏใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅใ‚’ใ€‚ ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚€ใ€‚
23:33
Basically wishing someone well. And then have a good day.
ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซ่ชฐใ‹ใ‚’ๅ…ƒๆฐ—ใซ้ก˜ใฃใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€่‰ฏใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅใ‚’ใ€‚
23:37
Something you could say when some did I do this one already?
่ชฐใ‹ใŒ็งใŒใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’ใ™ใงใซใ‚„ใฃใŸใจใใซใ‚ใชใŸใŒ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใŒใงใใ‚‹ไฝ•ใ‹๏ผŸ
23:40
No. I did have a great day. So we did have a great day and now
ใ„ใ„ใˆใ€็ด ๆ™ดใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅใงใ—ใŸใ€‚ ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ ็งใŸใกใฏ็ด ๆ™ดใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅใ‚’้Žใ”ใ—ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ใใ—ใฆไปŠใ€
23:44
we have have a good day. Two ways to basically say to
็งใŸใกใฏ่‰ฏใ„ไธ€ๆ—ฅใ‚’้Žใ”ใ—ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซ่ชฐใ‹ใซ่จ€ใ†2ใคใฎๆ–นๆณ•
23:47
someone I hope your day is awesome. Um it's something that
็งใฏใ‚ใชใŸใฎๆ—ฅใŒ็ด ๆ™ดใ‚‰ใ—ใ„ใ“ใจใ‚’้ก˜ใฃใฆใ„ใพใ™ ใ€‚ ใƒฉใ‚คใƒ–ใ‚นใƒˆใƒชใƒผใƒ 
23:51
I say to all of you when I've done my live streams. I usually
ใ‚’ใ‚„ใฃใŸใจใใ€็š†ใ•ใ‚“ใซ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใงใ™ ใ€‚ ็งใฏ้€šๅธธ
23:53
say have a good Friday or have a good day or have a good
ใ€่–้‡‘ๆ›œๆ—ฅ ใ€่‰ฏใ„ๆ—ฅใ€ใพใŸใฏ่‰ฏใ„
23:57
weekend. And then this is not technically a verb. But we have
้€ฑๆœซใ‚’้Žใ”ใ™ใจ่จ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใใ—ใฆใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใฏ ๆŠ€่ก“็š„ใซใฏๅ‹•่ฉžใงใฏใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ—ใ‹ใ—
24:02
shortened another phrase the phrase see you later. We have
ใ€ๅˆฅใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใ‚’็Ÿญ็ธฎใ—ใพใ—ใŸ ใ€‚ใ“ใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใฏๅพŒใงใŠไผšใ„ใ—ใพใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚
24:07
shortened that phrase to just later. So I'm going to end with
ใใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใ‚’ๅฐ‘ใ—ๅพŒใง็Ÿญ็ธฎใ—ใพใ—ใŸ ใ€‚ ใใ‚Œใงใ€ใ“ใฎใ‚นใƒฉใ‚คใƒ‰ใง็ต‚ใ‚ใ‚Šใ€
24:10
this slide and I'll do some questions. But when it's a very
ใ„ใใคใ‹ ่ณชๅ•ใ‚’ใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใ—ใ‹ใ—ใ€ใใ‚Œ
24:14
slang way to say goodbye to people. Um you'll hear students
ใŒไบบใ€…ใซๅˆฅใ‚Œใ‚’ๅ‘Šใ’ใ‚‹้žๅธธใซไฟ—่ชžใงใ‚ใ‚‹ใจใ ใ€‚ ๅญฆ็”Ÿ
24:18
say this. Younger people say this. I say it sometimes. I'll
ใŒใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’่จ€ใ†ใฎใ‚’่žใใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€‚ ่‹ฅใ„ไบบใŸใกใฏ ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’่จ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ็งใฏๆ™‚ใ€…ใใ‚Œใ‚’่จ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
24:21
just say later. Um and it basically means I will see you
ๅพŒใง่จ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใˆใˆใจใ€ใใ‚Œใฏ ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซ็งใŒๅพŒใงใ‚ใชใŸใซไผšใ†ใ‹ใ€ๅพŒใงใ‚ใชใŸใซไผšใ†ใ“ใจใ‚’ๆ„ๅ‘ณใ—
24:25
later or see you later. Um a very common informal I guess
ใพใ™ใ€‚ ้žๅธธใซไธ€่ˆฌ็š„ใช้žๅ…ฌๅผใงใ™ใŒ
24:30
it's slang a little bit way to say goodbye to someone.
ใ€่ชฐใ‹ใซๅˆฅใ‚Œใ‚’ๅ‘Šใ’ใ‚‹ใฎใฏไฟ—่ชžใ ใจๆ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
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