How to Use the Verb TO HAVE in the Imperative

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2022-06-07ใƒป 3016

Learn English with Bob the Canadian channel


As you learn English you'll want to be able to wish people well, or indicate that you hope they'll enjoy something. Maybe you just want to show them something interesting, or give them something. All of those things are done using the verb TO HAVE in the imperative. In this English lesson you'll learn to wish people well when they leave on a trip, how to get their attention, or simply how to ask them to do something quickly and efficiently using the imperative. You'll learn phrases like: Have a good trip. Have fun. Have a look at this. Have a seat. Have a good one! and more! I hope you enjoy this English lesson on how to use the verb TO HAVE in the imperative! โŒ› Remember: Always watch the video three times. Twice today with English subtitles on, and once tomorrow with the English subtitles off. This will reinforce the English you have learned! -- โœ… This video was edited by Ember Productions: https://audreyember.com Thanks Audrey! -- โœ… Support Me and Get These Members Only Perks: ๐Ÿ˜€๐Ÿ’ฒ If you would like to become a member of my channel here is the link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZJJTxA36ZPNTJ1WFIByaeA/join Becoming a member at every level has these benefits and perks: 1) For 10 minutes during each live stream you will be able to participate in the "Members Only" chat. 2) A cool crown beside your name during live streams and when making comments on videos. 3) Your name in green during live stream lesson chat. 4) You will have access to a members only video each Wednesday called, "Wednesdays with Bob". These are behind the scenes bonus videos with full English transcripts for your listening practice. 5) A full transcript for every Tuesday video. โœ… Join now to receive these perks: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZJJTxA36ZPNTJ1WFIByaeA/join I really appreciate those you that have chosen to thank me in this way! Please only support me if you can afford it! If you prefer to support me via Patreon, here is a link to that page: https://www.patreon.com/bobthecanadian Thank you for your generosity! -- โœ…SEND ME A POSTCARD: Bob the Canadian P.O. Box 419 Smithville, Ontario Canada L0R2A0 -- TAKE YOUR ENGLISH CONVERSATIONS TO THE NEXT LEVEL: โœ…Talk to a real English tutor / teacher at preply: http://tracking.preply.com/SH2X (This is an affiliate, signing up for this service helps support my channel). -- FOLLOW ME: โœ… I have a second Youtube channel right here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCmW5tmKIBrryNf5n-_A6Fmw โœ… P.S. If you are interested I have created a podcast of my shorter English lessons. It is right here: https://www.buzzsprout.com/1310116 -- #englishlesson #learnenglish #bobthecanadian **Note: All images used under: CC0 License โœ“ Free for personal and commercial use โœ“ No attribution required From pexels.com or pixabay.com

Instruction

Double-click on the English captions to play the video from there.

00:00
So we have a verb tense in English called the imperative.
ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆใ€ ่‹ฑ่ชžใงใฏๅ‘ฝไปคๆณ•ใจๅ‘ผใฐใ‚Œใ‚‹ๅ‹•่ฉžใฎๆ™‚ๅˆถใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚
00:03
It's when we use a verb quickly
ๅ‹•่ฉžใ‚’ไฝฟใฃ
00:05
to tell someone to do something
ใฆ่ชฐใ‹ใซไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’ใ™ใ‚‹ใ‚ˆใ†ใซใ™ใฐใ‚„ใๆŒ‡็คบใ—
00:07
and the sentence doesn't actually have a subject.
ใ€ใใฎๆ–‡ ใซๅฎŸ้š›ใซใฏไธป่ชžใŒใชใ„ๅ ดๅˆใงใ™ใ€‚
00:09
We say things like, "Watch out!" or "Be careful!"
ใ€Œๆฐ—ใ‚’ใคใ‘ใ‚๏ผใ€ใชใฉใจ่จ€ใ„ ใพใ™ใ€‚ ใพใŸใฏใ€Œๆณจๆ„ใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„๏ผใ€
00:12
In this English lesson, I wanna look at the imperative
ใ“ใฎ่‹ฑ่ชžใฎใƒฌใƒƒใ‚นใƒณ ใงใฏ
00:15
with one particular verb.
ใ€1ใคใฎ็‰นๅฎšใฎๅ‹•่ฉžใงๅ‘ฝไปคใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใฟใŸใ„ใจๆ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚ ๅ‹•่ฉž
00:17
I want to look at the imperative with the verb to have.
ใฎๅ‘ฝไปคๆณ•ใ‚’่ฆ‹ใŸใ„ใจๆ€ใ„ ใพใ™ใ€‚
00:20
We use the verb to have with the imperative
ๅ‹•่ฉžใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ—ใฆ
00:22
in some very unique ways.
ใ€ใ„ใใคใ‹ใฎ้žๅธธใซใƒฆใƒ‹ใƒผใ‚ฏใชๆ–นๆณ•ใงๅ‘ฝไปคๅž‹ใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚
00:24
So in this English lesson, I'll talk about seven of them.
ใใ‚Œใงใ€ใ“ใฎ่‹ฑ่ชžใฎใƒฌใƒƒใ‚นใƒณ ใงใฏใ€ใใฎใ†ใกใฎ7ใคใซใคใ„ใฆ่ฉฑใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚
00:27
(upbeat music)
๏ผˆๆ˜Žใ‚‹ใ„้Ÿณๆฅฝ๏ผ‰
00:33
Sometimes in English, we use the verb to have
่‹ฑ่ชžใง ใฏ
00:35
in the imperative when someone's going to go do something
ใ€่ชฐใ‹ใŒไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’ใ—ใ‚ˆใ†ใจใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจใใซๅ‹•่ฉžใ‚’ไฝฟใฃใฆๅ‘ฝไปคๅž‹ใซใ—ใ€
00:38
and we want them to have a good time when they're doing it.
ๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒใใ‚Œใ‚’ใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจใใซๆฅฝใ—ใ„ๆ™‚้–“ใ‚’้Žใ”ใ—ใฆใปใ—ใ„ใจๆ€ใ†ใ“ใจใŒใ‚ใ‚Š ใพใ™ใ€‚
00:41
My kids often go out with their friends now.
็งใฎๅญไพ› ใŸใกใฏไปŠใ€ๅ‹้”ใจใ‚ˆใๅ‡บใ‹ใ‘ใพใ™ใ€‚
00:44
My kids are getting older,
็งใฎๅญไพ›ใŸใกใฏๅนดใ‚’ใจใฃ
00:45
so they don't always go out and do fun things with me,
ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใงใ€ใ„ใคใ‚‚ๅค–ใซๅ‡บ ใฆ็งใจไธ€็ท’ใซๆฅฝใ—ใ„ใ“ใจใ‚’ใ™ใ‚‹ใ‚ใ‘ใงใฏใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
00:48
sometimes they go out with their friends,
ๆ™‚ใซใฏๅ‹้”ใจไธ€็ท’ใซๅค–ๅ‡บใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚‚ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚
00:50
and I might say one of these three things.
็งใฏใ“ใ‚Œใ‚‰3ใคใฎใ“ใจใฎ1ใคใ‚’่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
00:52
I might say "Have fun!"
ใ€Œๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใญ๏ผใ€ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
00:54
I might say, "Have a good time!"
ใ€Œๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใญ๏ผใ€ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
00:55
Or there's a very informal phrase we use in North America.
ใพใŸใฏใ€ๅŒ—็ฑณใงไฝฟ็”จใ™ใ‚‹้žๅธธใซ้žๅ…ฌๅผใชใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใŒใ‚ใ‚Š ใพใ™ใ€‚
00:59
I might say, "Have a good one!"
็งใฏใ€Œ่‰ฏใ„ใ‚‚ใฎใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹๏ผใ€ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
01:00
So when someone is going to go do something
ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€่ชฐใ‹ใŒ ไฝ•ใ‹
01:03
and you're not going with,
ใ‚’ใ™ใ‚‹ใคใ‚‚ใ‚Šใงใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒไธ€็ท’ใซ่กŒใ‹ใชใ„
01:04
you might want them to have a good time,
ใจใใ€
01:07
you might want them to have fun,
ใ‚ใชใŸใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใซๆฅฝใ—ใ„ๆ™‚้–“ใ‚’้Žใ”ใ—ใฆใ‚‚ใ‚‰ใ„ใŸใ„ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใซๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใ‚‚ใ‚‰ใ„
01:08
so as they leave, you might say,
ใŸใ„ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›
01:10
"Hey, see you, have fun, have a good time,
ใ‚“ใ€‚ ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใ ใ‚Šใ€ๆฅฝใ—ใ„ๆ™‚้–“ใ‚’้Žใ”ใ—ใŸใ‚Šใ€ๆฅฝใ—ใ„ๆ™‚้–“ใ‚’้Žใ”ใ—
01:13
or have a good one."
ใŸใ‚Šใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ใ€
01:15
Every once in a while, someone you know will go on a trip
ใŸใพใซใ€ ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ็Ÿฅใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹่ชฐใ‹ใŒๆ—…่กŒใซ่กŒใใงใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€
01:18
and I'm sure you want them to have
ใใ—ใฆใ‚ใชใŸใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใซๆ—…่กŒใงๆฅฝใ—ใ„ๆ™‚้–“ใ‚’้Žใ”ใ—ใฆๆฌฒใ—ใ„ใจ็ขบไฟกใ—ใฆ
01:19
an enjoyable time on the trip,
ใ„ใ‚‹
01:21
so you can use the verb to have in the imperative
ใฎใงใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใ‚’ๅ…ƒๆฐ—ใซใ™ใ‚‹ใŸใ‚ใซๅฟ…้ ˆใฎๅ‹•่ฉžใ‚’ไฝฟใ†ใ“ใจใŒใงใ
01:23
to wish them well.
ใพใ™ใ€‚
01:25
You could say, "See you later, have a good trip!"
ใ€Œใ˜ใ‚ƒใ‚ใพใŸ ใญใ€ใ„ใ„ๆ—…ใ‚’๏ผใ€ใจ่จ€ใˆใพใ™ใ€‚
01:28
You can specifically tell them
ใ‚ใชใŸใฏๅฝผใ‚‰
01:30
that you want them to have a good time on the trip.
ใซใ‚ใชใŸใŒๅฝผใ‚‰ ใซๆ—…่กŒใงๆฅฝใ—ใ„ๆ™‚้–“ใ‚’้Žใ”ใ—ใฆๆฌฒใ—ใ„ใจๅ…ทไฝ“็š„ใซ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใŒใงใใพใ™ใ€‚
01:33
You want it to be a memorable trip, a fun trip,
ๆ€ใ„ๅ‡บใซๆฎ‹ใ‚‹ๆ—…ใ€ๆฅฝใ—ใ„ๆ—…ใ€
01:36
you want them to enjoy it.
ๆฅฝใ—ใ‚“ใงใ‚‚ใ‚‰ใ„ใŸใ„ใ€‚
01:37
So as you drop them off at the airport
ใใ‚Œใงใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๅฝผใ‚‰ใ‚’็ฉบๆธฏใซ้™ใ‚ใ™ใจใใ€
01:39
or as you say goodbye as they leave,
ใพใŸใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒๅŽปใ‚‹ใจใใซใ•ใ‚ˆใชใ‚‰ใ‚’่จ€ใ†ใจใใ€
01:41
you might say to them, "Have a good trip."
ใ‚ใชใŸใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใซใ€Œ่‰ฏใ„ๆ—…่กŒใ‚’ใ—ใชใ•ใ„ใ€ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
01:44
It's also very common for me to use the verb
ใพใŸใ€ไป•ไบ‹ใฎ็ต‚ใ‚ใ‚Šใซๅ‘ฝไปคๆณ•ใง ๅ‹•่ฉžใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚‚้žๅธธใซไธ€่ˆฌ็š„ใงใ™
01:46
to have in the imperative at the end of my workday.
ใ€‚
01:50
As I'm heading out the building at the end of a workday,
ไป•ไบ‹ใฎ็ต‚ใ‚ใ‚Šใซใƒ“ใƒซใซๅ‘ใ‹ใ†ใจใใ€
01:52
I'll often say to a colleague, "See you tomorrow,
ๅŒๅƒšใซใ€ŒใพใŸใญใ€
01:55
"have a good night!"
ใŠใ‚„ใ™ใฟใชใ•ใ„๏ผใ€ใจใ‚ˆใ่จ€ใ†
01:57
So I'll use the phrase have a good night
ใฎใงใ€ใ€ŒใŠใ‚„ใ™ใฟใชใ•ใ„ใ€ใจใ„ใ†ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใ‚’ไฝฟใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
01:59
because I want to wish them well.
ใ‚ˆใ‚ใ—ใใŠ้ก˜ใ„ใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚
02:00
I do actually hope that they have a good night.
ใŠใ‚„ใ™ใฟใชใ•ใ„ใ€‚
02:03
If it's Friday, though, I might say something different.
้‡‘ๆ›œๆ—ฅใชใ‚‰ ้•ใ†
02:05
I might say, "See you Monday, have a good weekend!"
ใ“ใจใ‚’่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ใ€Œ ๆœˆๆ›œๆ—ฅใซไผšใ„ใพใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€่‰ฏใ„้€ฑๆœซใ‚’๏ผใ€ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œ
02:09
So we can once again use the verb to have
ใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
02:11
in the imperative to wish someone well.
่ชฐใ‹ใ‚’ๅ…ƒๆฐ—ใซ้ก˜ใ†ใŸใ‚ใซ
02:14
you could say have a good night
ๅฟ…่ฆใช่จ€่‘‰ใ€‚ใŠใ‚„ใ™ใฟใชใ•ใ„ใ€
02:15
or you could say have a good weekend.
ใพใŸใฏ้€ฑๆœซใ‚’้Žใ”ใ™ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใŒใงใใพใ™ใ€‚็งใŸใกใŒ่ชฐใ‹
02:18
Sometimes we use have in the imperative
ใซไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’ๆไพ›ใ™ใ‚‹ใจใใ€็งใŸใกใฏๅฟ…่ฆใชใจใใซๆŒใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ—ใพใ™
02:20
When we offer something to someone.
ใ€‚
02:22
Sometimes when my kids come home from school,
็งใฎๅญไพ› ใŒๅญฆๆ กใ‹ใ‚‰ๅธฐใฃใฆใใŸใจใใ€
02:24
they're a little bit grouchy
02:25
because they're hungry or they're thirsty.
ใŠ่…นใŒ็ฉบใ„ใŸใ‚Šๅ–‰ใŒๆธ‡ใ„ใŸใ‚Šใ—ใฆๅฐ‘ใ—ไธๆฉŸๅซŒใซใชใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚
02:28
I might say to them, "Here, have a cookie,
ใ€Œใ“ใ“ใงใ€ใ‚ฏใƒƒใ‚ญใƒผใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆใ€ใ€ŒใŠใ‚„ใคใ‚’้ฃŸในใฆใ€้ฃฒใฟ็‰ฉใ‚’้ฃฒใ‚“ใงใ€ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
02:30
"have a snack, have a drink."
ใ€‚
02:32
Before we start talking about what their day was like
็ง ใŸใกใŒๅฝผใ‚‰ใฎไธ€ๆ—ฅใŒใฉใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใชใ‚‚ใฎใงใ‚ใฃใŸใ‹
02:35
or start talking about what they did at school that day,
ใซใคใ„ใฆ่ฉฑใ—ๅง‹ใ‚ใ‚‹ๅ‰ใซใ€ใพใŸใฏ ๅฝผใ‚‰ใŒใใฎๆ—ฅใซๅญฆๆ กใงไฝ•ใ‚’ใ—ใŸใ‹ใซใคใ„ใฆ่ฉฑใ—ๅง‹ใ‚ใ‚‹ๅ‰ใซใ€
02:38
sometimes they just need to eat something
ๆ™‚ใ€…ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏใŸใ ไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’้ฃŸในใ‚‹ๅฟ…่ฆใŒใ‚ใ‚Š
02:39
and they just need to have a drink.
ใ€ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏใŸใ ้ฃฒใฟ็‰ฉใ‚’้ฃฒใ‚€ๅฟ…่ฆใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚
02:41
So I'll use the verb to have in the imperative
ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ๅ‹•่ฉžใ‚’ไฝฟใฃ ใฆใ€ใใฎ
02:43
to say things just like that.
ใ‚ˆใ†ใชใ“ใจใ‚’่จ€ใ†ใ“ใจใŒ็พฉๅ‹™ไป˜ใ‘ใ‚‰ใ‚Œใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
02:45
"Have a snack, have a drink, have a cookie
ใ€ŒใŠใ‚„ใคใ‚’้ฃŸในใ€้ฃฒใฟ็‰ฉใ‚’้ฃฒใฟใ€ใ‚ฏใƒƒใ‚ญใƒผใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆ
02:48
"and then we'll talk about your day."
ใ€ใใ—ใฆใ‚ใชใŸใฎไธ€ๆ—ฅใซใคใ„ใฆ่ฉฑใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ใ€
02:50
Another English phrase that we use with the verb
็งใŸใกใŒๅ‹•่ฉžใงๅ‘ฝไปคๆณ•ใงไฝฟใ†ใ‚‚ใ†ไธ€ใคใฎ่‹ฑ่ชžใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใฏใ€็งใŸใกใŒไฝฟใ†
02:52
to have in the imperative is the phrase have mine.
ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใงใ™ใ€‚
02:56
This is a phrase we use when we give something that we have
02:59
to someone else.
03:00
A few months ago, in the middle of the winter,
ๆ•ฐใƒถๆœˆๅ‰ ใ€ๅ†ฌใฎ็œŸใฃๅชไธญ
03:02
we were on a walk as a family,
ใ€ๅฎถๆ—ใงๆ•ฃๆญฉ
03:04
and I wore my gloves, but I noticed one of my kids didn't.
ใ‚’ใ—ใฆใ„ใฆใ€ๆ‰‹่ข‹ใ‚’ใฏใ‚ใฆใ„ใพใ—ใŸใŒ ใ€ๅญไพ›ใฎไธ€ไบบใŒใใ†ใงใฏใชใ‹ใฃใŸใฎใซๆฐ—ใฅใใพใ—ใŸใ€‚
03:08
So I said to them, "Here, have mine."
็งใฏๅฝผใ‚‰ใซใ€Œใ“ใ“ใซ็งใฎใ‚‚ใฎใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€
03:10
It's really easy for me to stay warm
ใจ่จ€ใ„
03:12
when I'm outside in the winter,
ใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ๅ†ฌใฎๅค–ใซใ„ใ‚‹ใจใใฏใ€
03:14
even if I don't have gloves on,
ๆ‰‹่ข‹ใ‚’ใฏใ‚ใฆใ„ใชใใฆใ‚‚ใ€ใจใฆใ‚‚ๆš–ใ‹ใ้Žใ”ใ™ใฎใฏ็ฐกๅ˜ใงใ™
03:15
but I noticed that my kid
ใŒใ€ๅญไพ›
03:17
kept putting their hands in their pockets
ใŒๆ‰‹ใ‚’ๅ…ฅใ‚Œ็ถšใ‘ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใซๆฐ—ใฅใใพใ—ใŸใ€‚ ๅฝผใ‚‰ใฎใƒใ‚ฑใƒƒใƒˆ
03:19
and that they were a little bit cold,
ใจๅฝผใ‚‰ใฏๅฐ‘ใ—ๅฏ’ใ‹ใฃใŸ
03:20
so I said, "Here, have mine."
ใฎใงใ€็งใฏใ€Œใ“ใ“ใซ็งใฎใ‚‚ใฎใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€ใจ่จ€ใ„ใพใ—ใŸ
03:22
You might also do this when you're eating.
ใ€‚ใ‚ใชใŸใŒ้ฃŸไบ‹ใ‚’ใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจใใซใ‚‚ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’่กŒใ†
03:24
Maybe you've ordered a big meal at a restaurant
ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ใŸใถใ‚“ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ ใƒฌใ‚นใƒˆใƒฉใƒณใงๅคงใใช้ฃŸไบ‹ใ‚’ๆณจๆ–‡ใ—ใ€
03:26
and someone is looking at the food you ordered
่ชฐใ‹ใŒ ่ฆ‹ใฆใ„ใพใ™ ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๆณจๆ–‡ใ—ใŸ้ฃŸใน็‰ฉ
03:29
and says, "Wow, those French fries look really yummy."
ใฏใ€ใ€Œใ†ใ‚ใƒผใ€ใใ‚Œใ‚‰ใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒณใƒ ใƒ•ใƒฉใ‚คใฏๆœฌๅฝ“ใซ็พŽๅ‘ณใ—ใใ†
03:32
You might say, "You know what,
03:32
"I don't really want them, have mine."
ใ ใ€ใจ่จ€ใ†ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œ
ใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
03:34
So basically, when you say have mine in English,
ใคใพใ‚Šใ€ๅŸบๆœฌ็š„ใซ ใ€่‹ฑ่ชžใง
03:37
you're giving something that you have to someone else.
็งใฎใ‚‚ใฎ ใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†ใจใใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใ‚ใชใŸใŒๆŒใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ไฝ•ใ‹ใ‚’ไป–ใฎ่ชฐใ‹ใซไธŽใˆใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใฎใงใ™ใ€‚
03:40
It's a really nice phrase, isn't it?
ๆœฌๅฝ“ใซใ„ใ„ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใงใ™ใญใ€‚
03:42
Sometimes when you're looking at something interesting
ไฝ•ใ‹้ข็™ฝใ„
03:44
and you want someone else to look at it,
ใ‚‚ใฎใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใ„ใฆใ€ไป–ใฎไบบใซ่ฆ‹ใฆใ‚‚ใ‚‰ใ„ใŸใ„ใจใ
03:46
you might use the phrase, have a look at this.
ใฏใ€ใ“ใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใ‚’ไฝฟใฃใฆใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚
03:49
Maybe you're looking at a news story on your computer
ใŸใถใ‚“ใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏใ‚ใชใŸใฎใ‚ณใƒณใƒ”ใƒฅใƒผใ‚ฟใงใƒ‹ใƒฅใƒผใ‚น่จ˜ไบ‹ใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใ„ใฆใ€
03:52
and it's fascinating.
ใใ‚Œใฏ้ญ…ๅŠ›็š„ใงใ™ใ€‚
03:53
You might say to someone,
่ชฐใ‹ใซ
03:54
"Hey, have a look at this news story.
ใ€Œใญใˆใ€ใ“ใฎใƒ‹ใƒฅใƒผใ‚น่จ˜ไบ‹ใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚
03:56
"It's really, really interesting."
ใ€Œๆœฌๅฝ“ใซใ€ๆœฌๅฝ“ใซ้ข็™ฝใ„ใงใ™ใ€‚ใ€ใจ่จ€ใ†
03:58
Maybe you're walking outside
ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ๅค–ใ‚’ๆญฉใ„ใฆใ„ใ‚‹
03:59
and you see this really strange insect
ใจใ€
04:01
that you've never seen before.
ไปŠใพใง่ฆ‹ใŸใ“ใจใฎใชใ„ใ“ใฎๆœฌๅฝ“ใซๅฅ‡ๅฆ™ใชๆ˜†่™ซใ‚’่ฆ‹ใ‚‹
04:03
You might say to one of the people that you're walking with,
ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ ใ‚ใชใŸใŒไธ€็ท’ใซๆญฉใ„ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ไบบใฎไธ€ไบบใฏใ€
04:05
"Hey, have a look at this.
ใ€Œใญใˆใ€ใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚
04:07
"Do you know the name of this bug?"
ใ€Œใ“ใฎใƒใ‚ฐใฎๅๅ‰ใ‚’็Ÿฅใฃใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ‹๏ผŸใ€
04:09
So another English phrase in the imperative
ใ—ใŸใŒใฃใฆ
04:12
using the verb to have is the phrase have a look at this.
ใ€ๅ‹•่ฉžใ‚’ไฝฟ็”จใ™ใ‚‹ๅฟ…่ฆใฎใ‚ใ‚‹ๅˆฅใฎ่‹ฑ่ชžใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใฏใ€ ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใŒใ“ใ‚Œใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚ ๅ‘ฝไปคๅž‹ใซใ‚ใ‚‹ๅ‹•่ฉžใ‚’ๅซใ‚€
04:15
Another common English phrase with the verb
ใ‚‚ใ†1ใคใฎไธ€่ˆฌ็š„ใช่‹ฑ่ชž
04:17
to have in the imperative is the phrase, have a seat.
ใฎใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใฏใ€ใ€Œๅธญใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆใ€ใจใ„ใ†ใƒ•ใƒฌใƒผใ‚บใงใ™ใ€‚
04:21
Okay, maybe this one is only common in a classroom.
ใ•ใฆใ€ๅคšๅˆ†ใ“ใ‚Œใฏ ๆ•™ๅฎคใงใฎใฟไธ€่ˆฌ็š„ใงใ™ใ€‚
04:24
As many of you know, I'm an actual teacher.
ใ”ๅญ˜็Ÿฅใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใซใ€ ็งใฏๅฎŸ้š›ใฎๅ…ˆ็”Ÿใงใ™ใ€‚
04:26
I go to work every day at a school
็งใฏๆฏŽๆ—ฅๅญฆๆ กใซ้€šใ„
04:28
and each and every time I start my class,
ใ€ๆŽˆๆฅญใ‚’ๅง‹ใ‚ใ‚‹ใŸใณใซใ€
04:31
I usually end up saying have a seat.
ใ„ใคใ‚‚ๅธญใŒใ‚ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใฃใฆใ—ใพใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
04:33
When I arrive in the classroom,
็งใŒๆ•™ๅฎคใซๅˆฐ็€ใ—ใŸใจใใ€
04:35
students are usually standing and talking.
็”Ÿๅพ’ใŸใกใฏ้€šๅธธ็ซ‹ใฃใฆ่ฉฑใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใ€‚
04:37
I wait until the bell goes, signaling the start of class,
ใƒ™ใƒซใŒ้ณดใ‚Šใ€ๆŽˆๆฅญใฎ้–‹ๅง‹ใ‚’็Ÿฅใ‚‰ใ›ใ‚‹ใพใงๅพ…ใฃใฆใ‹ใ‚‰
04:41
and then I say, "Okay, everyone, have a seat,
ใ€ใ€Œใ•ใฆใ€ ็š†ใ•ใ‚“ใ€ๅธญ
04:43
let's get started."
ใŒใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚ๅง‹ใ‚ใพใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ€ใจ่จ€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
04:44
So a common phrase but maybe only common for people like me,
ใงใ™ใ‹ใ‚‰ใ€ไธ€่ˆฌ็š„ใช่จ€ใ„ๅ›žใ— ใงใ™ใŒใ€็งใฎใ‚ˆใ†ใชๆ•™ๅธซใงใ‚ใ‚‹ไบบใ€…ใซใฎใฟไธ€่ˆฌ็š„ใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“
04:48
who are teachers.
ใ€‚
04:49
When you're in a classroom
ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๆ•™ๅฎคใซใ„ใ‚‹ใจใใ€ใ‚ใชใŸใฏ
04:50
you might hear the teacher say have a seat.
ๅ…ˆ็”ŸใŒๅธญใ‚’ๆŒใฃใฆใ„ใ‚‹ใจ่จ€ใ†ใฎใ‚’่žใใ‹ใ‚‚ใ—ใ‚Œใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
04:53
Well, thank you so much for watching this English lesson
ใ•ใฆ
04:55
about how to use the verb to have in the imperative
ใ€ๅ‹•่ฉžใ‚’ไฝฟใฃ
04:58
to say a variety of things.
ใฆใ•ใพใ–ใพใชใ“ใจใ‚’่จ€ใ†ๅฟ…่ฆใŒใ‚ใ‚‹ๆ–นๆณ•ใซใคใ„ใฆใฎใ“ใฎ่‹ฑ่ชžใฎใƒฌใƒƒใ‚นใƒณใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใใ‚Œใฆใ‚ใ‚ŠใŒใจใ†ใ€‚
05:00
Remember, if this is your first time here,
ใ“ใ“ใŒๅˆใ‚ใฆใฎๅ ดๅˆใฏใ€
05:01
don't forget to click that Subscribe button
[่ณผ่ชญ]ใƒœใ‚ฟใƒณใ‚’ใ‚ฏใƒชใƒƒใ‚ฏใ™ใ‚‹ใ“ใจใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใงใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚
05:03
and give me a thumbs up if this video helped you learn
ใ“ใฎใƒ“ใƒ‡ใ‚ชใŒใ‚‚ใ†ๅฐ‘ใ—่‹ฑ่ชžใ‚’ๅญฆใถใฎใซๅฝน็ซ‹ใฃใŸๅ ดๅˆใฏใ€่ฆชๆŒ‡ใ‚’็ซ‹ใฆใฆใใ ใ•ใ„
05:05
a little bit more English.
ใ€‚
05:07
And if you have the time
ใใ—ใฆใ€ๆ™‚้–“ใŒ
05:08
and you're not sure what you should do next,
ใ‚ใ‚Š ใ€ๆฌกใซไฝ•ใ‚’ใ™ในใ
05:09
why don't you stick around and watch another English lesson.
ใ‹ใ‚ใ‹ใ‚‰ใชใ„ๅ ดๅˆใฏใ€ ็ซ‹ใกๆญขใพใฃใฆๅˆฅใฎ่‹ฑ่ชžใฎใƒฌใƒƒใ‚นใƒณใ‚’่ฆ‹ใฆใฟใพใ›ใ‚“ใ‹ใ€‚
05:13
(upbeat music)
๏ผˆๆ˜Žใ‚‹ใ„้Ÿณๆฅฝ๏ผ‰
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