Free English Class! πŸ—¨οΈπŸ—£οΈπŸ—« Topic: Talking About Other People (Lesson Only)

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2022-02-20・ 2573

Learn English with Bob the Canadian channel


As you learn English and participate in conversations, you'll notice that people sometimes talk about other people. In this free English lesson you'll learn how to describe these types of conversations. People have a lot of different ways to talk about each other. At times people say nice, kind things about other people. Sometimes they say mean or bad things. As you continue to learn English, you'll want to know how to describe these conversations. In this free English class you'll learn words and phrases like: to gossip, to throw shade, to complain, to whine, to be a reference, to stab someone in the back, to speak highly of, to put someone down, to sing someone's praises, and many more! I hope this free English class was helpful and I hope you were able to learn some new English words and phrases that you can use in your next English conversation! Have a great day! βŒ› Remember: Always watch the video three times. Twice today with English subtitles on, and once tomorrow with the English subtitles off. This will reinforce the English you have learned! -- βœ… Support Me and Get These Members Only Perks: πŸ˜€πŸ’² If you would like to become a member of my channel here is the link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZJJTxA36ZPNTJ1WFIByaeA/join Becoming a member at every level has these benefits and perks: 1) For 10 minutes during each live stream you will be able to participate in the "Members Only" chat. 2) A cool crown beside your name during live streams and when making comments on videos. 3) Your name in green during live stream lesson chat. 4) You will have access to a members only video each Wednesday called, "Wednesdays with Bob". These are behind the scenes bonus videos with full English transcripts for your listening practice. 5) A full transcript for every Tuesday video. βœ… Join now to receive these perks: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZJJTxA36ZPNTJ1WFIByaeA/join I really appreciate those you that have chosen to thank me in this way! Please only support me if you can afford it! If you prefer to support me via Patreon, here is a link to that page: https://www.patreon.com/bobthecanadian Thank you for your generosity! -- βœ…SEND ME A POSTCARD: Bob the Canadian P.O. Box 419 Smithville, Ontario Canada L0R2A0 -- TAKE YOUR ENGLISH CONVERSATIONS TO THE NEXT LEVEL: βœ…Talk to a real English tutor / teacher at preply: http://tracking.preply.com/SH2X (This is an affiliate, signing up for this service helps support my channel). -- FOLLOW ME: βœ… I have a second Youtube channel right here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCmW5tmKIBrryNf5n-_A6Fmw βœ… P.S. If you are interested I have created a podcast of my shorter English lessons. It is right here: https://www.buzzsprout.com/1310116 -- #englishlesson #learnenglish #bobthecanadian **Note: All images used under: CC0 License βœ“ Free for personal and commercial use βœ“ No attribution required From pexels.com or pixabay.com

Instruction

Double-click on the English captions to play the video from there.

00:00
Well hello and welcome to this English lesson where I'm going
00:03
to talk about how to talk about other people or more
00:07
specifically I'm going to talk about the types of ways you can
00:12
talk about other people. I think you'll get a good
00:15
understanding as we get into the lesson. Um there are
00:18
obviously a lot of ways to have a conversation where you talk
00:23
about a different person. And there are many many different
00:26
types of conversations like that. Um it might sound like a
00:31
random topic. It might sound like a very specific topic. But
00:35
all of the 35 or so words actually let me see here. Maybe
00:39
30 words are very very common in English. You'll hear these
00:43
words on the news. You'll hear these words in conversations.
00:47
To gossip. So when you gossip about someone else. It means
00:52
you talk about them and you say things about them that might be
00:57
true and might not be true. Gossip as a noun is considered
01:01
not a very polite thing. When you gossip with someone. Notice
01:06
I can say those two people are gossiping. Or that person was
01:11
just spreading gossip. I can use it as a verb and then as a
01:14
noun. But gossip is when you just simply say did you hear
01:17
about Joe? Joe lost his job. Joe was I mean and it makes
01:21
sense you know because like I totally don't think he's a good
01:24
worker. So when you gossip about someone you talk about
01:28
something that's happened in their life. Not with them. So
01:33
if we're if we're talking about gossip Joe is over here and
01:37
then I'm over here with another person talking about Joe saying
01:42
things like oh Joe I'm not surprised Joe lost his job
01:46
because last time I worked with Joe he just sat around all the
01:50
time. That would be saying mean things about someone or
01:53
gossiping. And sometimes people just tell secrets. Um they'll
01:58
trust someone So if I was to tell Brent speak English with
02:04
this guy. If I was to tell Brent a secret via email. And
02:08
then if Brent was to tell everyone in the chat the secret
02:11
Brent would be telling a secret. When you tell a secret
02:14
or when you reveal a secret of someone it's not a very nice
02:18
thing to do. I know a long time ago I told a friend a secret
02:22
and I said keep this secret. And then that friend later went
02:27
and told the secret to other people. That was not very very
02:31
nice. You can talk behind someone's back. This is similar
02:35
to gossip but it's a little meaner I think when you talk
02:38
behind someone's back it means that they cannot hear the
02:42
conversation. It means that you're saying something to
02:46
another person and the person you're talking about can't hear
02:50
you. That sounded very complicated. If you look at
02:53
this picture you can see that there are some people in the
02:57
hallway having a conversation. And I'm imagining Talking about
03:01
someone in the room and that person in the room can't hear
03:05
them. So we would say that they are talking behind that
03:08
person's back. Talking behind their back. The opposite of
03:14
course would be to say something to someone's face.
03:17
Sometimes you're annoyed with someone and so you tell a
03:20
friend that you're annoyed with them. But sometimes you're so
03:23
annoyed. You just tell them to their face. You go right up to
03:27
them and you say Joe you're not a good worker. Or Joe I don't
03:31
like working with you. That would be saying something to
03:34
someone's face. Or telling them to their face. There's a few
03:38
variations on that phrase. So technically this doesn't belong
03:43
in this lesson because it's not a way to talk about other
03:46
people. It's a way to tell someone directly something that
03:50
you don't like about what they're doing or what they have
03:54
said. And then of course there's just to lie. When you
03:58
lie about someone you say something that isn't true. This
04:02
is probably the meanest and most basic form of talking
04:06
about another person. If you say let's say Joe is a good
04:10
worker. And you work with Joe and you tell someone that Joe
04:14
isn't a good worker. You are telling a lie. Not a very kind
04:18
or polite thing to do. Uh lying about someone else or making up
04:23
something about someone that's another way to say it. It's
04:26
just not kind. That's why this megaphone says untruths. So as
04:31
he speaks into the megaphone lies are coming out the other
04:35
end. To spread rumours. So here's an interesting one
04:39
because it's similar to talking behind someone's back. Um it's
04:44
similar in a way to gossiping. Um but when you spread rumours
04:49
sometimes you say something about someone and you
04:53
exaggerate the truth or you tell lies when you spread
04:57
rumours. So let's say Joe. Joe's the example for all of
05:03
these today. Let's say Joe got home from work really really
05:07
late. You could say oh I think Joe was like do something he
05:13
wasn't supposed to do. Joe is home late for work. So there's
05:17
a little bit of truth there that Joe is home late for work.
05:20
But then you might add a lie to it. So you might tell someone
05:23
else something about Joe that's true and add a bit of a lie.
05:27
But when you spread rumours they're very negative you're
05:32
spreading negative things about someone and it's not a very
05:35
kind thing to do. To criticize. So when you criticize someone
05:40
you can criticize someone in a Like I could talk to someone
05:46
and be critical and criticize them. But I could also be
05:50
critical of someone when I'm talking about them with a
05:53
different person. So I could say to a colleague at work you
05:57
know I just don't like the way the boss ran that meeting. I
06:00
don't like that the meeting started late. Uh there was no
06:03
agenda for the meeting. So I am criticizing my boss as I talk
06:09
to a colleague. So again when you criticize it's a way to
06:14
yeah it's a way to complain. It's a but I'm going to talk
06:19
about complain later. Um but it's a negative conversation
06:23
about another person. Uh and then again you can criticize
06:28
someone to their face. Okay you can do that as well. To throw
06:33
shade. So this is a relatively new term. And this is something
06:37
that mostly we hear about celebrities doing. Sometimes a
06:42
celebrity will say something about another celebrity. And
06:46
it's and it's a very negative thing and we we now call that
06:50
throwing shade. I don't want to get into the details but right
06:53
now Kanye and Pete Kanye's throwing some shade. Uh at Pete
06:58
on Pete. I actually don't know what you would say. But Kanye's
07:01
definitely throwing shade right now. If you check the news
07:04
there's a little bit of a a Twitter war or an Instagram war
07:09
between Kanye and his ex-wife and Pete Davidson. So I'll let
07:15
you find the details but to throw shade means it doesn't
07:19
have to be a celebrity but we mostly hear this term when you
07:22
watch the news about celebrities where a celebrity
07:25
will throw shade on another celebrity. So they'll say
07:28
something negative or mean or even untrue about a celebrity
07:33
that they know. To whisper So you can whisper about someone.
07:39
Um usually we hear this term in a negative sense like there
07:42
were whispers about this person doing something. And basically
07:46
it means that I guess it's similar to talking behind
07:50
someone's back. But when you whisper about someone you
07:54
you're basically like did you hear about Joe? Joe got home
07:57
from work late because he went and he I'm trying to think of
08:01
something negative that Joe did. What would be oh yeah. Joe
08:04
went to the casino after work and spent all his money. So I
08:08
so if you hear two people talking quietly about someone
08:12
else we would that they are whispering about them. And to
08:17
tell half truths. I mentioned this in the lesson I did on
08:20
secrets and lies. A half truth is when you tell something
08:23
that's partly true. Uh but maybe you enhance it a little
08:27
bit. So if you so maybe Joe someone's stole some money at
08:33
work. And if you tell a half truth you would say you know
08:37
Joe he's been stealing money for a long time. So you know he
08:41
stole money. But you're kind of exaggerating the story. You
08:45
don't know if he stole money for a long time but you add a
08:49
little bit to the story. Well finally here's a phrase that's
08:54
not negative. I wanted to make sure I had a balance of
08:57
phrases. So we're going to talk about the phrase to speak
09:00
highly of. When you speak highly of someone it means that
09:05
you like them and you appreciate what they're doing.
09:08
A great example would be this. Speak English with this guy.
09:12
His name is Brent. Has a YouTube channel. And I speak
09:15
very highly of him when I mention his channel to other
09:18
people. Because I think he's doing good work. When you speak
09:21
high of someone it means you say very nice things and very
09:26
kind things about them. So it's always nice if you know someone
09:31
who's a hard worker at work and then when you're having a
09:34
conversation and their name comes up then you say nice
09:38
things about them we would say that you are speaking highly of
09:41
them. To recommend. When you recommend someone it means that
09:46
you say they'll be good for a certain thing. Let's use Joe as
09:51
an example. Let's say my school needed a new teacher. And I
09:56
knew that Joe was a good teacher and he didn't have a
09:59
job. I could recommend Joe to my principal. I could go to the
10:03
principal and say I have a friend named Joe. He's a really
10:06
good teacher and he doesn't have a job right now. So when
10:08
you say that someone's good at something. Or when you say that
10:12
something they're doing is really good. It it basically
10:15
means you're recommending them. So again we'll use Brett's
10:20
probably getting tired be talking about his channel. But
10:23
speak English with this guy. I highly recommend you visit his
10:27
channel at some point. He teaches English like I do. Uh
10:30
and he has done a few videos lately where he's on in
10:34
different parts of the United States. So I recommend that you
10:37
watch them. So that means I like his videos. I like the
10:41
work he's doing. And I like it so much. I will tell other
10:44
people that they should go watch them. To vouch for. So
10:49
here's another way of recommending but it's it really
10:54
works yeah it means you're saying you can trust someone if
10:59
you vouch for someone it means you know them really really
11:03
well okay so in this picture it says Joe Joe is a hard worker
11:08
if I worked with Joe for a long time and I knew Joe was a very
11:12
good worker and if someone said I'm thinking of hiring Joe is
11:17
he a hard worker. I could say yeah I'll vouch for him. I
11:20
worked with him for a long time. He's a really really good
11:23
worker. So when you vouch for someone it means that you
11:27
publicly say or in a conversation you say that you
11:31
think that person is good at something okay sometimes my
11:36
students will apply for a job and then the company will call
11:41
me and say is this student a good worker and then I'll vouch
11:44
for them I'll say yes absolutely when I had them in
11:47
class they were a hard worker they did a great job. Do trash
11:52
talk. I don't know why. This picture cracks me up because
11:56
it's a couple of older people. Um but trash talk is when you
12:00
say mean things about people. Most of you'll hear trash talk
12:04
or trash talk will happen when people are playing sports. If
12:08
you watch football or soccer or basketball those are sports
12:12
where sometimes the players walk by each other and they'll
12:16
say something really mean about them. Like you have a big nose.
12:19
Actually they say meaner things than that. But when you trash
12:23
talk someone you might say yeah where'd you learn to where'd
12:26
you learn to play football from from your I don't know. Anyways
12:32
it's when you I'm not good at trash Talk by the way. But when
12:35
you trash talk someone you basically are saying mean
12:39
things about them. Usually in a sports game. And by the way you
12:43
can flip it as well. You can talk trash about someone. Which
12:46
I think is a little more general and simply means to say
12:50
mean things about someone. So this I picture this as this
12:53
this older gentleman is saying mean things about this other
12:57
person. I don't know why that made me laugh because I think I
13:00
think older people are all really kind and then it just
13:04
Kegel. To be a reference. So this is a more formal term and
13:10
it's similar to vouching for someone. When you act as a
13:14
reference for someone it means that legally I guess legally
13:19
definitely formally you are willing to say that person is
13:23
good at something or that they're a good person. So
13:26
sometimes when people apply for a job they'll say can I will
13:31
you be a reference for me? And that means you're allowing them
13:35
to put your name on their job application. And then the place
13:39
they're applying for the job can call you to see if that
13:43
person's a good person. So I this is probably a better
13:45
example for when I said sometimes I vouch for students.
13:49
Probably a better example would be sometimes a student will ask
13:53
if I will be a reference because they're applying for a
13:56
job. And then that the place they're applying at someone
14:00
will call me and say so Joe your student Joe has applied
14:05
for a job and they've listed you as a reference. Would you
14:08
be able to tell us a little bit about Joe? And then I would say
14:11
Joe's great. Joe's a hard worker etcetera etcetera. Um to
14:17
build someone up. When you build someone up it means
14:20
usually you tell them directly but you can also tell other
14:25
people good things about them. So if I was talking to Joe I
14:30
could say Joe you're really good at this job. Joe I saw the
14:33
work you did last week and it was awesome. Joe you are doing
14:36
a great job. So I can tell Joe directly. But I could also tell
14:40
my boss. If I worked with Joe I could go to my boss and say you
14:44
know what? I just wanted to put a good in for Joe. He's doing
14:47
great work right now. So anytime you say something that
14:50
will highlight good work or actions that someone has done
14:57
you are building them up. To sabotage. When you sabotage
15:03
someone's career or you sabotage someone's work it
15:08
means you destroy it by telling lies behind their back. So it's
15:14
not a word we use a lot but I did hear this in a movie. Um
15:18
and so when you hear the phrase like oh he's out to sabotage
15:22
her life. It means that they're going to say they're going to
15:26
spread rumours. They're going to tell lies about you. They're
15:29
going to do everything they can to make people not like you. So
15:34
that's why I put this picture of one person whispering to
15:36
another. Like did you hear Joe quit his job again? Joe Joe
15:41
quit five jobs in the last five days. He can't keep a job. So
15:45
they're trying to sabotage someone's reputation to
15:49
sabotage someone's career or to sabotage their life. To rat. So
15:56
we've gone over this one already. When you rat on
15:59
someone it means you tell someone in authority what they
16:03
did. If two of my kids let's say the cookies were gone and I
16:08
said to my kids who ate the last cookie and if my one kid
16:11
said he did Joe ate it. I don't have a kid named Joe. We would
16:16
say that that person has ratted out Joe. Or maybe I'm driving
16:20
with one of my kids to school and I say you know the TV broke
16:23
the other day do you know what happened? And if they said oh
16:26
Joe did it. They would be ratting out Joe. So when you
16:30
rat someone out it means you tell someone in authority
16:34
something that they did. To give someone up to give someone
16:41
up is very similar. Uh when you give someone up it means let's
16:45
say Joe and I robbed a bank and we were going to keep it a
16:49
secret and then Joe went to the police and said Bob did it. We
16:53
would say that he gave gave me up. When you give someone up it
16:57
basically means that you've done something illegal or
17:01
you've done something wrong. And one person again tells
17:05
someone in authority that you've done it. So to rat and
17:08
to give someone up are very very very very similar. To stab
17:14
someone in the back. So this is a little bit different. This is
17:19
when you betray someone or this is when you you and someone
17:26
else yeah you have there's trust between two people and
17:31
then one of the people goes and does something or tells other
17:35
people about something you've done. If you have a secret if
17:40
you and a friend had a secret and your friend told the secret
17:43
to someone else you could say that they stabbed you in the
17:46
back. Okay. So it's a way of betraying some one. It's a way
17:50
of breaking the trust between two people. And so we have to
17:56
betray. I think I don't know my history very well but I think
18:01
Brutus betrayed Caesar. I think that's how it went. So Caesar
18:06
trusted Brutus and I think his dying words are like or I don't
18:12
know how to say it but when you have trust and when one of
18:16
those people does something that causes harm to the other
18:20
person or makes them feel at or actually something bad happens
18:25
to them we would say that you betrayed them. Never nice to
18:30
betray someone. To put someone down. When you put someone down
18:34
it means again you're saying mean things about them. So if
18:39
Joe was a really hard worker and I was talking to someone
18:44
else I could say Joe's not a hard worker. Joe is like he's
18:48
the worst worker ever. Um Joe's late for work all the time.
18:51
He's always leaving early. He steals stuff from work. So
18:54
you're saying you're you're basically saying mean things
18:59
about the person. That might be true and might not be true. It
19:03
both could happen. And again you can put someone down to
19:06
their face as well. Like I could go up to someone and say
19:10
mean things about them and we would use the same phrase to
19:13
put someone down. To whine. So I think children do this the
19:20
most. When you whine about someone it means you complain
19:23
about them for a long time. So sometimes after work people
19:27
will go to a restaurant. And as they sit around they might
19:31
whine about their boss. They might whine about a colleague
19:35
that isn't there at the restaurant. So it's basically
19:38
very very similar to to complain. And we often use
19:43
these two words together. So sometimes People get together
19:47
and they have fun but sometimes they whine and complain about
19:51
work or they whine and complain about their boss or they whine
19:56
and complain about their co-worker. Um so definitely
19:59
these two words mean the same thing and they often go
20:04
together and yeah it's a lot more fun to go out with people
20:08
from work and enjoy yourself. It's not fun to go out and
20:12
listen to people whine and complain about everything. So
20:16
anyways this you use to talk about a situation or people.
20:20
Both will work. To ruin someone's reputation. When you
20:25
ruin someone's reputation it means you lie about them or you
20:29
reveal a secret that they didn't want revealed. You do
20:33
something that makes them this happens a lot with celebrities.
20:37
So a celebrity might have done something in the past and when
20:41
they when someone reveals that it might they might no longer
20:46
be able to work. They won't get hired to make movies. Um this
20:49
happens sometimes with teenagers where someone will
20:53
make up a story or tell a lie about someone else and tell the
20:57
whole school and a person who everyone liked now all of the
21:01
sudden students don't like that person because someone ruined
21:05
their reputation. Not a kind thing to do at all. Um to
21:11
defame and to slander. So when you defame or slander someone
21:17
they pretty much mean the same thing. But they have more of a
21:20
formal legal definition. So when you let me actually give
21:25
you the definition. It's when you say something about someone
21:29
Publicly. But you can then they can then take you to court if
21:35
you lied. So slander. Um to make false and damaging
21:40
statements about someone publicly. And then let's look
21:44
for demean or defame sorry. Defame. To damage the good
21:49
reputation of someone through slander or liable and to do so
21:53
publicly. So again these are more like legal definitions of
21:58
saying something about someone. When you spread gossip or when
22:02
you spread rumours or when you gossip about someone there's no
22:05
legal ramifications. Do you know that word? Like they can't
22:09
sue you. But if a newspaper publishes something that's
22:13
untrue. Or if something is said publicly that's untrue. Someone
22:18
can say no that's slander or you've defamed me and they
22:21
might take you to court. And we also have to falsely accuse I
22:28
have been guilty of falsely accusing some of my children of
22:32
doing certain things. Um sometimes when something
22:35
happens like let's say someone broke something in the house.
22:40
You might think you which child did it. But if you tell them I
22:44
know you did it and they didn't you are falsely accusing
22:47
someone. This also happens in the world. Sometimes people
22:51
will falsely accuse someone else. They'll tell the police
22:55
that someone did something and when it's not true. So not a
23:00
nice thing at all. To praise. So you can praise someone to
23:05
their face. You can go to someone and say good job. Um
23:08
awesome work. Um but you can also pray someone to someone
23:12
else. I could say you know Rod the Brazilian English teacher
23:17
by the way. Rod the English teacher in the chat. Uh Rod's
23:20
really nice guy. Uh he does really good work as well on
23:23
YouTube. And he teaches classes. English classes and
23:26
he's good at it. I'm giving Rod praise. Um I could do that to
23:30
Rod which I've done when I've talked to him. But I can also
23:33
do it to someone else. Okay so it's like kind of like
23:37
recommending. It's kind of like saying good things about
23:39
someone. You can also sing someone's praises. Okay. So
23:45
when you sing someone's praises you say a lot of good things
23:48
about them. So you might you might talk about them for 10
23:52
minutes And the whole time you're talking about them
23:55
you're saying good things about them. So a very nice thing to
23:58
do. If you know someone who's doing something really good in
24:03
the world. You might say you know this person donates a lot
24:06
of money. This person we should use Joe. Joe donates a lot. Of
24:10
money. Joe volunteers to help out at a soup kitchen to feed
24:14
the homeless. Joe is a great person. If I talked about Joe
24:18
for 5 minutes or 10 minutes and just continually said good
24:22
things I would be singing his praises. To question someone's
24:28
authority. So when you question someone's authority it's when
24:33
you talk about them and you you're basically saying they
24:38
shouldn't be in power anymore. So sometimes at work people
24:42
will question the boss's authority. In Government.
24:46
People sometimes question someone's authority. Right now
24:49
there is a protest in Ottawa and people are questioning
24:53
Justin Trudeau's authority. So when you question someone's
24:57
authority you ask questions and you talk about them in a way
25:02
where you're basically saying they shouldn't be in charge
25:05
anymore. Okay this next word this last word please listen
25:10
carefully as I explain it. Okay? This is a word that's a
25:15
bad word in English. But I'm going to talk about the verb
25:20
form of it. Okay? So in English if you call someone if you call
25:27
someone a **** that is a bad word. That is not a nice thing
25:31
to say. But in the verb form it's kind of an informal slang
25:38
and a crude way to talk about complaining. So when you
25:42
complain a lot sometimes people will say that you're **** Okay?
25:47
Um all Joe does he just **** about work. So again listen
25:51
carefully. This is not a word you would use at work. This is
25:56
a very informal word. I said it slang. It's it's more informal.
26:01
But it's actually more common than you think. Um I actually
26:05
have heard this word a few times lately. Um so again when
26:09
you call someone the B word that is a bad thing. But when
26:14
you use it in this way if you're talking to a friend and
26:18
you say you know let's stop **** about And let's talk about
26:22
something positive. So again I don't know. Maybe I don't know
26:27
if Brent's still here in the chat but I know he has to leave
26:29
and teach usually but this is just a very crude informal
26:34
slang way to say that you're complaining about something.
26:38
There I hope that made sense. Basically what I'm saying is
26:41
you'll hear this word but maybe you shouldn't use it. But you
26:45
might hear it if you're having a conversation sometime.
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