Free English Class! πŸƒπŸ§πŸΎ Topic: Commands and Orders (Lesson Only)

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2022-02-13・ 2055

Learn English with Bob the Canadian channel


When speaking English, sometimes you need to tell someone what to do. You'll want to learn English phrases that you can use to give commands and orders. A command or order is a verb in the imperative form to tell someone what do to. The cool thing about the imperative is that you don't need to memorize anything in order to use it. It is formed using the verb itself, without the "to" in front of course! In this English lesson I'll help you learn a variety of commands, orders, and requests using the imperative form. You'll learn phrases like Sit down!, Stand up!, Quiet down!, Get lost!, Be quiet!, Relax!, Watch out!, and many more. I hope you enjoyed this free English class about commands and orders! Have a great day! βŒ› Remember: Always watch the video three times. Twice today with English subtitles on, and once tomorrow with the English subtitles off. This will reinforce the English you have learned! -- βœ… Support Me and Get These Members Only Perks: πŸ˜€πŸ’² If you would like to become a member of my channel here is the link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZJJTxA36ZPNTJ1WFIByaeA/join Becoming a member at every level has these benefits and perks: 1) For 10 minutes during each live stream you will be able to participate in the "Members Only" chat. 2) A cool crown beside your name during live streams and when making comments on videos. 3) Your name in green during live stream lesson chat. 4) You will have access to a members only video each Wednesday called, "Wednesdays with Bob". These are behind the scenes bonus videos with full English transcripts for your listening practice. 5) A full transcript for every Tuesday video. βœ… Join now to receive these perks: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZJJTxA36ZPNTJ1WFIByaeA/join I really appreciate those you that have chosen to thank me in this way! Please only support me if you can afford it! If you prefer to support me via Patreon, here is a link to that page: https://www.patreon.com/bobthecanadian Thank you for your generosity! -- βœ…SEND ME A POSTCARD: Bob the Canadian P.O. Box 419 Smithville, Ontario Canada L0R2A0 -- TAKE YOUR ENGLISH CONVERSATIONS TO THE NEXT LEVEL: βœ…Talk to a real English tutor / teacher at preply: http://tracking.preply.com/SH2X (This is an affiliate, signing up for this service helps support my channel). -- FOLLOW ME: βœ… I have a second Youtube channel right here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCmW5tmKIBrryNf5n-_A6Fmw βœ… Sign up for my email list for regular English lesson practice materials: https://bit.ly/3iW5F7h βœ… P.S. If you are interested I have created a podcast of my shorter English lessons. It is right here: https://www.buzzsprout.com/1310116 -- #englishlesson #learnenglish #bobthecanadian **Note: All images used under: CC0 License βœ“ Free for personal and commercial use βœ“ No attribution required From pexels.com or pixabay.com

Instruction

Double-click on the English captions to play the video from there.

00:00
Well hello and welcome to this free English class. This free
00:03
English lesson where I'm going to talk about commands, orders
00:08
and requests in English. I'm going to talk about the things
00:12
you need to say when you tell other people what to do. It
00:15
might seem obvious that because I'm a teacher I use a lot of
00:20
phrases like this. I'm often telling people what to do. Um
00:23
but we'll look at ways to rudely tell someone what to do.
00:27
We'll look at how to tell your dog what to do. We'll look at
00:31
how to other people what to do kindly. How to use it the
00:35
phrases as a request. So welcome to this English lesson
00:39
about commands orders and requests. Um we will be using
00:43
what's called the imperative verb form. The imperative verb
00:48
form is when you tell someone what to do using just the verb
00:51
and there's usually an exclamation mark at the end of
00:55
the sentence. So the first phrase I have is the phrase get
00:59
out. By the way I think three or four of the slides today are
01:03
just someone pointing and yelling. Uh when you give a
01:07
command in English you're often raising your voice a little bit
01:12
if you're saying it in anger or if you are feeling emotional at
01:16
the time. When you say get out it implies that you are inside
01:21
somewhere probably in a building. You can even be like
01:26
in a backyard. So you're not technically inside but there's
01:29
a fence around you. Uh and if a dog came in your yard. You
01:33
might say get out. Um you might even say get out of here. Okay.
01:38
Maybe you're watching a TV show and there's a fight at
01:43
someone's house and one person says to the person who's
01:46
visiting get out or get out of here. Uh that kind of behaviour
01:50
is not welcome here. So get out. Um it isn't always
01:54
something that you say angry in an angry way. But it I think it
01:59
can be definitely for sure. Like I'm imagining a scene I
02:03
saw on a TV show the other night where someone was yelling
02:06
get out to someone in a bar and that's how I got the idea for
02:09
this lesson. And they were definitely angry. We also can
02:13
say things like keep out. Although normally it's a sign
02:17
that tells you this. If you see the words keep out it means
02:20
don't go in because it's probably dangerous. Sometimes
02:24
you'll see a sign on a fence that says keep out. We also
02:28
sometimes will use this as a teacher. I might say you know
02:32
this you're not supposed to go in this room so keep out. Uh
02:35
maybe there's a room where we have all the textbooks or all
02:38
the computers and students aren't allowed in there. So we
02:41
would tell them to keep out. Basically what that means is do
02:44
not go in. But it's used as a command or an order. Um another
02:51
phrase similar to get out is get lost. This is a little more
02:55
like slang. Um although it's very common in informal English
02:59
speech. Uh when you say to someone get lost or let's say
03:03
an animal like this. I think this is a wolf or a fox. Looks
03:06
like a wolf. If I saw a animal like this I would probably yell
03:10
get lost or get out of here. Get lost. So basically when
03:14
you're lost you don't know where you are. And this command
03:17
is used to tell someone or an animal that you want them to go
03:22
away. You want them to leave and then not come back. So in a
03:26
way you want them to be lost and not return. Get lost. Um
03:31
let's see here. Stop it and quit it. So these two are
03:38
commands or orders that parents often give to children when
03:43
children are really excited and maybe making too much noise or
03:47
playing too loudly or if they're doing something
03:50
annoying. So a parent might say stop it or they might say quit
03:54
it. Um I usually use the phrase quit it. Um stop it I use as
03:59
well. By the way if you want to change it from a command to a
04:04
request. So a command is very direct. A request is a little
04:08
more polite. So if I wanted to make this a request I might say
04:12
stop it please. Um or quit it please. When you add the word
04:17
please it softens the command just a little bit and makes it
04:21
more of a request. If you are wondering what the difference
04:25
between a command and request was. So stop it and quit it. Uh
04:29
something you say to someone when they're doing something
04:32
that annoys you. Stop it. Quit it. So you might have
04:39
neighbours that play their music way too loud. You might
04:43
have neighbours that they come home from work everyday and
04:47
they just turn their radio up really loud. And if you knocked
04:50
on their door if you were angry you might say turn it down. Um
04:54
if you were talking to your children though if your
04:59
children were playing loud music you might say turn it
05:02
down please. Again adding the word please to soften things a
05:06
bit. Hey and a little bit the imperative. I should have
05:09
explained this at the beginning. The imperative is
05:12
simply the verb. So if you have the verb you know to stop. If
05:18
you remove the word to and you just yell stop. That's the
05:22
imperative form of the verb. It's one of the easiest verb
05:25
forms to conjugate because if you have a verb like if you
05:29
want to tell someone to go somewhere you just remove the
05:32
TO the two and you just say go. So it's a very simple verb form
05:37
when you want to give a command. But yes loud music
05:41
sometimes results in people saying turn it down. This one
05:45
is almost always said forcefully and maybe with a bit
05:50
of anger or frustration. There is no polite way to say shut
05:54
up. Okay? So when you yell shut up to someone it means you want
05:59
them to stop talking. It means you want them to stop talking
06:03
to you. Um it usually happens during a conversation when
06:07
people are arguing and when they get angry at each other
06:10
eventually one person might just say shut up. I'm tired of
06:14
listening to you. Just shut up. So shut up You can't say shut
06:18
up please. That doesn't make it that doesn't make it any nicer.
06:22
You can't add the word please to this command and make it
06:26
work better. Uh or sound a little softer or nicer.
06:30
Definitely when you say shut up it means that you are a little
06:34
bit upset or a little bit angry. Sometimes people are
06:39
very stressed. Sometimes people are they're very anxious or
06:43
they have a lot of anxiety. And if they sit down you might just
06:46
say you know relax. Maybe just relax. Maybe someone's angry
06:51
about something that happened in their day. You might just
06:54
say relax. Let's have a cup of tea and talk about it. So when
06:59
you give the command or it's actually more of a request I
07:02
think. Relax. You're usually calmly asking someone to just
07:07
take a deep breath maybe count to 10 and to try to stop being
07:13
angry or upset. Or at least be a little bit less angry. So
07:17
relax. Uh that's a great line by the way to say to someone
07:20
hey relax. Let's sit down and have a cup of tea and you can
07:24
tell me all about your day. So relax is definitely a command
07:28
where you're asking someone to be a little more calm. Watch
07:33
out and look out. So when you yell watch out or look out.
07:38
Usually someone maybe is in danger. Um maybe if you're at a
07:44
soccer game and you're standing on the sidelines and maybe
07:47
you're talking to someone beside you and the soccer ball
07:50
is coming towards your head people would yell watch out or
07:54
look out. Uh this guy thankfully he has a heart hat
07:58
on. So the hammer that is falling if it hits him it won't
08:02
hurt him. But if you saw this happening you would be you
08:05
would definitely be yelling watch out or look out. You
08:09
wouldn't be angry. You would just yell this because you are
08:13
concerned for the other person's safety. So watch out.
08:17
Or look out. And then hopefully they move quickly. And then the
08:21
danger is avoided. Slow down. Have you ever been in a car
08:27
with someone who drives too fast? Uh maybe you're driving
08:31
with one of your teenage children and you want to say
08:35
tell them that they're driving too fast you would say slow
08:38
down. Um so yes definitely when someone drives quickly when
08:44
someone makes you feel uncomfortable because they're
08:47
going too fast. You would probably tell them to slow
08:50
down. That would be the command that you would give them. Slow
08:54
down. And again if you add please slow down please. It
08:58
sounds a little sir. Um but you have to recognize too that when
09:03
you give commands and orders it means that either you're like a
09:08
parent or a teacher or an older person talking to a younger
09:13
person or maybe you're feeling angry or you're feeling
09:17
emotional. Um because it's very direct when you tell someone to
09:21
do something. Um because the most polite way to say it would
09:25
be could you slow down please when you drive this fast it
09:29
scares me a little bit. That would be very polite. And if
09:32
you said slow down that would be very angry. A lot more
09:36
emotion. So we have quiet quiet down be quiet. I put a picture
09:42
of a teacher. Uh this is a common phrase for teachers to
09:45
say again when you say quiet or when you say quiet down or when
09:51
you say be quiet it's somewhat forceful. If you wanted to
09:56
soften it you would say quiet please or quiet down please or
09:59
be quiet please. Um this adding the word please just makes
10:04
things so much nicer and calmer and polite in English. So if
10:09
you are in charge of some people or if you're somewhere
10:12
where there's a lot of people who are being kind of loud or
10:16
talking you could say quiet or quiet down or be quiet. Notice
10:20
how my voice gets a bit stronger. Quiet. And then quiet
10:24
please or quiet down please. Just a nicer way to say it.
10:29
Listen Up is a way to get people to listen to you. So if
10:33
you're standing with a large group of friends and there's a
10:37
lot of conversations maybe you're trying to decide with 10
10:41
people what movie to go see. And maybe you look on your
10:46
phone and you're like oh just a minute. Listen up. There's a
10:49
movie playing in 10 minutes just down the street. So when
10:53
you say listen up you're basically asking everyone to
10:58
Listen to you. You're asking them to give you their
11:01
attention. Um so I think that's a great example. Again often a
11:06
phrase that teachers would use. Listen up. We're going to go to
11:10
the library now and everyone needs to find a book. So it's
11:14
just a way to request that people listen to you when
11:17
you're having when you want them to stop talking and listen
11:22
to what you have to say. Sometimes the command is
11:26
actually a greeting or salutation or something you say
11:30
to someone. So sometimes when I'm leaving work I'll say hey
11:35
have a great day if it's the middle of the day. Um if I'm
11:38
talking to my mom on the phone in the morning I might say have
11:41
a great day. So it's an entire phrase and it's more it's not
11:46
so much of a like it is a command. It is the imperative.
11:49
It uses the verb to have. And we say have a great day. But
11:53
it's a very polite thing. It's more of it's more of a say I
11:58
think. Like have a great day. Hey have a great day. Nice
12:01
talking. Yesterday I talked to my friend in France and when we
12:05
were done talking I said have a great day. Okay because it was
12:09
the middle of the day. So sometimes you use the
12:12
imperative to wish someone well. Sometimes you use it to
12:17
encourage people. You might say keep going or don't stop. So
12:21
the second phrase here is our first use of don't with the
12:26
imperative when you put it into the negative. So for instance
12:29
if I was watching someone run a race and they were slowing
12:34
down. I might be like don't stop. Keep going. So I might
12:38
cheer them on. Maybe you're watching the Olympics right
12:41
now. And you're watching speed skating and the skater from
12:45
your country is going a little slow. You might be like no keep
12:47
going. Don't stop. And you would use the imperative to or
12:51
a command to cheer them on. You also might use the phrase go
12:57
for it. So this is used in a bunch of different ways. But it
13:01
basically is a command where you encourage someone to do
13:05
something or you tell them they're allowed to do
13:09
something. So the first example would be this. If a friend said
13:12
I'm thinking of applying for a job at Amazon. You might say
13:17
that sounds great. Go for it. That means that you agree that
13:21
it's a good idea and you think they should do it. Um I'm
13:24
thinking of watching Bob's livestream this morning. You
13:28
might say to someone oh good idea. Go for it. I have a lot
13:32
of fun. Here you'll that there are some boxes with donuts. If
13:36
I was giving out donuts and someone said can I take one I
13:40
might say go for it. So I'm giving them permission to do
13:44
it. So it can be used to encourage someone. If they say
13:47
they might do something or they're thinking about do
13:50
something if you say go for it. Um or it's a way to give
13:54
permission. Like may I have a donut? I could say sure or I
13:58
could say go for it. So here's one that I've mentioned during
14:02
the question session. Sit down and take a seat. These two
14:06
commands verb to sit and to take a seat is a is a verbal
14:10
phrase. Um both mean that you're talking to people who
14:14
are standing up and you're asking them to find a chair or
14:18
to sit on the floor. Uh and you're asking them to sit down.
14:22
Um teachers use this. Um if you go to a meeting maybe you go to
14:26
city hall and there's a meeting. Before the meeting
14:29
everyone is standing around talking. Someone might go to
14:33
the mic and go can I have everyone sit down please? Could
14:37
you sit down please? Um hey Could take a seat please. We're
14:41
going to start the meeting. So notice again adding the word
14:45
please softens it a bit and makes it kinder. Um but it's
14:49
definitely a way to ask people to sit down to find a chair and
14:53
sit in the chair or even to sit on the floor if that's what
14:56
you're doing. And then the opposite of course is stand up.
14:59
So maybe you are somewhere where a whole bunch of people
15:03
are sitting. And the person in charge needs everyone to stand
15:08
up. They would just say stand up. And again if you Wanted to
15:12
soften it and make it a little more polite you would say stand
15:15
up please. Uh I see in the chat from Yaroslav someone saying or
15:20
Yaroslav saying please be seated. That's definitely
15:23
another way to say it kindly. Find a seat please. Take a seat
15:28
please. Please be seated or sit down please. All of those are
15:32
common ways. Um and again the example of if a meeting is
15:36
starting that's what you would hear. Great addition Yaroslav.
15:39
Help. So this person is fine by the way. This is a picture of a
15:44
person swimming and they're doing they're they're fine.
15:47
They they're just yelling help. Because they want someone to
15:50
help them. So this is something that you yell when you are in
15:55
danger. So let's say you fall down and you hurt your leg and
16:00
you can't get up. You would yell help. Let's say you're
16:03
swimming and you don't know how to swim and you're sinking. You
16:06
would yell help. Well you need to have your head above water.
16:11
Do that of course. Um but definitely this is the short
16:14
and quick way to let someone know that you need assistance.
16:19
You need someone to come and help you. So you would yell
16:23
help. Um Another negative version of a command is the
16:29
don't forget phrase. Sometimes in life you go to do something
16:33
and you forget what you were supposed to do. So sometimes
16:36
Jen for instance will text me and say don't forget to go to
16:41
the grocery store. Don't forget to get the mail. Don't forget
16:45
to pick up some milk. So the don't forget command is used to
16:50
remind someone. When students leave my class I'll say don't
16:54
forget to do your homework don't forget to finish your
16:58
project. Don't forget to finish your assignment. So the don't
17:01
forget to format even though it's the negative. Basically
17:05
it's a way to remind people that they need to do something.
17:09
Don't forget to watch my video on Tuesday. Don't forget to
17:13
watch this video again in a couple of days. See I'm using
17:16
it right there. Don't be late. Another negative form of a
17:22
command. You're telling people that instead of Be on time.
17:27
That would be the reverse. The affirmative or positive version
17:31
right? Be on time tomorrow. You could also say don't be late
17:35
tomorrow. So again a command telling people make sure that
17:39
you arrive somewhere at the time when you are supposed to
17:43
be there. Don't be late. Be on time. Just need a little sip of
17:48
water here. If you wanted to give me a command to drink you
17:52
would say take a drink or take a sip of water. Um Don't move.
17:59
So you'll hear this phrase quite often on police shows.
18:02
Sometimes when the police arrest someone the person will
18:06
be running away and the the police will pull out their gun
18:08
and they'll say don't move. And then they'll arrest the person.
18:12
But we also say this to people sometimes when we see a
18:15
mosquito land on them. And we want to swat the mosquito. We
18:19
might say oh don't move. And then we'll swat the mosquito.
18:23
When I sit around a campfire with my family sometimes Jen or
18:27
my sister or somebody will all of the sudden say don't move
18:30
Bob. And then all of a sudden whack and then they'll have hit
18:33
or swatted the mosquitoes. So don't move is a command you use
18:38
to tell people not to move maybe to swat a bug that's on
18:43
or for another reason. Um there's could be a variety of
18:46
them. So you might be familiar with this phrase because you
18:50
hear this often in a restaurant in English when the waiter or
18:54
waitress brings you your food. They will say enjoy your meal.
18:58
They will say here you go. Enjoy your meal and they will
19:02
give you your food. So it's just a very polite command.
19:06
Again it's the to enjoy. But it's used to kind of wish
19:10
someone well at a restaurant. So enjoy your meal. Thanks for
19:14
coming. Here's your food. Enjoy your meal. So they want you to
19:17
have a good time eating. A good time talking with your friends.
19:21
And just a nice time at the restaurant where you're at. So
19:25
enjoy your meal. You could say this at home too. Like I guess
19:28
I could say if I had guests over. I might you know bring
19:32
the food to the table and say enjoy your meal. But it's most
19:35
common to hear this in a restaurant. Uh Audi said Bob I
19:40
just checked. Yeah I will fix that Audi after this lesson for
19:44
sure. Um we also have borrowed a phrase. We say this two ways.
19:50
When someone is going on a trip we will often say have a good
19:55
trip. Uh we will say enjoy yourself. And we might even say
19:59
bon voyage. Which is not English. It's French. So we
20:03
have a number of phrases that we use similar to have a good
20:06
day. Have a great day. We sometimes will say people. Have
20:10
a good trip. Have a great trip or bon voyage. Basically
20:14
wishing someone well when they leave to go on a trip. We're
20:18
basically saying the long version would be I hope when
20:22
you are on your vacation or trip that you have fun
20:25
everyday. Have a good trip. Uh and then in there I said enjoy
20:29
yourself as well. I'm not sure if you've heard that one. Have
20:32
a good trip. Bon voyage. Enjoy yourself. Watch your mouth is
20:38
something that usually adults say to children when they use a
20:44
bad word. Excuse me. Like when they use a swear word they'll
20:49
say watch your mouth. Um it basically means stop swearing.
20:53
Stop using swear words. If yeah if if a student yeah how would
20:59
I say this? I'm not sure I would say watch your mouth
21:02
please. Because if a student swears in class I usually ask
21:05
them to go sit in the hall. And then I might go to them later
21:09
and say look you can't swear in class. I watch your mouth is
21:13
very direct. Like angry parent might say this to a child who
21:17
swears. So if they said the F word or something like that
21:20
they might say hey watch your mouth. Um you can't say that
21:23
word in public. And then you've might have seen this if you've
21:28
been to an English speaking country. Watch your step. This
21:31
means that there might be a little gap between you and the
21:35
train. Maybe there's a set of stairs where the stairs are
21:38
really narrow and the steps aren't very big. Anytime you're
21:42
in a situation where you might trip and Fall because things
21:45
are uneven or there's a hole or any of those kinds of things.
21:50
There will be a sign that says watch your step. Caution watch
21:53
your step. It basically means be careful when you walk here.
21:57
Watch your step. Be nice. So this is something we often say
22:03
to our children when they go to school. We say have a good day.
22:06
Enjoy your day at school. Be nice. Or be nice to your
22:11
teachers. We sometimes say that too. Uh I often say this when
22:15
students leave my classroom. I'll say hey have a good night.
22:19
See you tomorrow. Be nice to your parents. Because I always
22:21
know sometimes teenagers aren't nice to their parents. So this
22:25
is a command that's given in a nice way. It's it's not
22:29
something like you're not like be nice. You you wouldn't say
22:32
it in a mean way. You would definitely say it in a nice
22:35
kind way. Would say hey see you later be nice and it is again
22:39
usually someone like an adult talking to children you might
22:44
say this to your dog as well by the way if your dog growls you
22:48
might pull them back on their leash and say hey be nice. This
22:52
is our neighbour. Don't growl at our neighbour. Be nice. Have
22:57
fun is another good one. Um sometimes people I'm trying to
23:01
think gamers if any of you are younger there's short forms
23:05
like good luck have is something they say in video
23:09
gaming or at least they used to what I was more of a gamer
23:12
before a game or a match. So GL HF good luck have fun. Um when
23:19
you say good luck to someone or have fun to someone. You're
23:22
basically just saying I hope what you're going to do is
23:25
something fun. Okay. So if someone was going hiking I
23:29
could say hey have fun. That have a good day. Have fun.
23:33
Basically wishing someone well. And then have a good day.
23:37
Something you could say when some did I do this one already?
23:40
No. I did have a great day. So we did have a great day and now
23:44
we have have a good day. Two ways to basically say to
23:47
someone I hope your day is awesome. Um it's something that
23:51
I say to all of you when I've done my live streams. I usually
23:53
say have a good Friday or have a good day or have a good
23:57
weekend. And then this is not technically a verb. But we have
24:02
shortened another phrase the phrase see you later. We have
24:07
shortened that phrase to just later. So I'm going to end with
24:10
this slide and I'll do some questions. But when it's a very
24:14
slang way to say goodbye to people. Um you'll hear students
24:18
say this. Younger people say this. I say it sometimes. I'll
24:21
just say later. Um and it basically means I will see you
24:25
later or see you later. Um a very common informal I guess
24:30
it's slang a little bit way to say goodbye to someone.
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