Free English Class! Topic: Security! πŸ”πŸ”“πŸ• (Lesson Only)

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2022-05-22・ 1656

Learn English with Bob the Canadian channel


In this English lesson you'll learn how to use words and phrases about security in English. After all, everyone like to live in a safe and secure world. Everyone likes to go for a walk at night, or have a restful evening in their own home. In order to make this happen, there are things we can do, and things we can purchase to make ourselves feel safe. In this free English class I'll help you learn about those things. This might not be a popular lesson topic, but I think it is important as an English learner that you learn these words and phrases. They'll come in handy the next time you're in a conversation at home or at work where people are talking about security. In this free English class you'll learn words and phrases like: alarm system, to set off, to go off, under lock and key, bike lock, gate, fence, chain link fence, outdoor lighting, guard dog, and many more! I hope you enjoyed this English lesson about security and it helped you learn some new things! βŒ› Remember: Always watch the video three times. Twice today with English subtitles on, and once tomorrow with the English subtitles off. This will reinforce the English you have learned! -- βœ… Support Me and Get These Members Only Perks: πŸ˜€πŸ’² If you would like to become a member of my channel here is the link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZJJTxA36ZPNTJ1WFIByaeA/join Becoming a member at every level has these benefits and perks: 1) For 10 minutes during each live stream you will be able to participate in the "Members Only" chat. 2) A cool crown beside your name during live streams and when making comments on videos. 3) Your name in green during live stream lesson chat. 4) You will have access to a members only video each Wednesday called, "Wednesdays with Bob". These are behind the scenes bonus videos with full English transcripts for your listening practice. 5) A full transcript for every Tuesday video. βœ… Join now to receive these perks: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZJJTxA36ZPNTJ1WFIByaeA/join I really appreciate those you that have chosen to thank me in this way! Please only support me if you can afford it! If you prefer to support me via Patreon, here is a link to that page: https://www.patreon.com/bobthecanadian Thank you for your generosity! -- βœ…SEND ME A POSTCARD: Bob the Canadian P.O. Box 419 Smithville, Ontario Canada L0R2A0 -- TAKE YOUR ENGLISH CONVERSATIONS TO THE NEXT LEVEL: βœ…Talk to a real English tutor / teacher at preply: http://tracking.preply.com/SH2X (This is an affiliate, signing up for this service helps support my channel). -- FOLLOW ME: βœ… I have a second Youtube channel right here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCmW5tmKIBrryNf5n-_A6Fmw βœ… P.S. If you are interested I have created a podcast of my shorter English lessons. It is right here: https://www.buzzsprout.com/1310116 -- #englishlesson #learnenglish #bobthecanadian **Note: All images used under: CC0 License βœ“ Free for personal and commercial use βœ“ No attribution required From pexels.com or pixabay.com

Instruction

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00:00
Well hello and welcome to this English lesson about security.
00:04
Uh in this lesson we're going to look at all the things that
00:07
people do to make themselves feel safe. All of the things
00:12
that we do because even though it would be nice to think we
00:16
live in a really safe world. Sometimes the world isn't safe.
00:20
Depending on where you live. Uh it depends a lot on a lot of
00:25
factors. Um and sometimes as humans we think of ways to
00:30
protect our selves. So this lesson will be about all the
00:33
things we do to prevent theft. The things we do to prevent
00:38
crime. The things that we do to prevent getting mugged when
00:42
we're walking down a city street. So this lesson will be
00:45
all about security. All about the things we do in order to
00:49
stay safe as we go through our daily lives. Security system or
00:54
alarm system. One of the things that people might do in their
00:59
home but they most often do in a place of business is they
01:03
install a security system or an alarm system a security system
01:08
has a variety of components we'll talk about all of them
01:12
you'll see in this picture here a security system has a keypad
01:16
and cameras and motion detectors and all kinds of
01:20
different sensors. A security system or alarm system is
01:24
something that you install in a house or install in a business
01:28
so that when you aren't there the building can monitor if
01:34
people are trying to break in or if people are trying to do
01:38
something bad so often you will have a security system
01:41
installed to protect a place of business or to protect your
01:46
home it might have surveillance cameras or security cameras. A
01:52
surveillance camera or security camera doesn't always look this
01:56
big. They're starting to get smaller and smaller and harder
02:00
to spot. But if you look on the outside of a building. And if
02:04
you see something like this we would call it a surveillance
02:07
camera. And I think the more common term would be to say
02:11
it's a security camera. Often times if a business doesn't
02:15
have an alarm system. And if they get robbed they will
02:19
install an alarm system and they will install security
02:22
cameras. So that there's something that can record what
02:27
happens when they're not there at night or when they're
02:30
closed. A Security camera records footage. That's how we
02:36
refer to the video that's created by a security camera.
02:40
If a business is robbed, the police might say, can we see
02:44
your footage? Can we see the security footage from your
02:47
security camera? We'd like to review the footage to see if we
02:51
can see who stole whatever was stolen. So footage is what we
02:57
call the file created from a video camera or from security
03:03
camera. Alarm systems also have motion detectors. Now many
03:10
houses in Canada will have a light outside attached to a
03:15
motion detector. So if you walk up to someone's house at night.
03:18
The motion detector will sense your motion. The motion
03:22
detector can sense motion and it will turn on a light. Uh a
03:27
motion detector can also be connected to an alarm system.
03:31
Um but I think the most common motion detector in Canada on a
03:37
house is usually attached to an outdoor light. So that if
03:41
motion is detected the light comes on. Because a lot of
03:45
crime happens at night. When it's dark it's easier to commit
03:50
a crime I think. I wouldn't know why because I've never
03:52
committed a crime. But certainly a motion detector
03:56
attached to a light is a good idea. An alarm system also has
04:01
a keypad. And we'll talk a little bit about keypads. Maybe
04:04
you work somewhere where if you're the first person at work
04:08
you need to turn off the alarm. Maybe if you're the last person
04:12
at you need to set the alarm. And you do that usually using a
04:16
keypad. Along with the keypad you will be given a code. So if
04:22
you work in a building that has an alarm system. You will have
04:26
a code like one, two, three, four. Hopefully that's not your
04:30
code. You will have a code that you punch in whenever you set
04:35
the alarm or when you turn off the alarm. So your code is a
04:39
secret. Only you know it. And you use that either set the
04:43
alarm or turn off the alarm. So I just used the verb to set.
04:49
This is how we talk about an alarm system. If you're in a
04:54
building that has an alarm system or if your house has an
04:57
alarm system. When you leave you set the alarm. So you punch
05:01
in your code one two three four. By the way that's that's
05:05
that's not my alarm system code or my pin code for my phone.
05:09
One two three 4 is a bad code. You should have something far
05:12
more complex. But when you set an alarm that's the verb we use
05:17
to set. We might all say that you need to punch in your code.
05:22
So you're not punching with your fists. Uh but you're
05:26
punching in your code with your finger. I've used this verb
05:29
already just a minute ago when I whenever I talk about an
05:32
alarm system. You set the alarm by punching in your code. If
05:36
you're leaving work with another person you might say
05:39
just a minute I I'll punch in my code and set the alarm. That
05:43
would be a common thing to say to someone. To set off. So this
05:49
is what happens when an alarm is armed or an alarm is set. If
05:56
a security system has been set and someone breaks into the
06:00
building maybe they break a window or they use a pry bar to
06:06
open a door. Um then the alarm is set off. Usually there's an
06:11
alarm like an actual audible alarm. So it's like that's my
06:17
alarm noise for today. But when a Criminal tries to break into
06:22
a house or building if it has an alarm system they will set
06:26
off the alarm so that is when the alarm goes off and usually
06:30
the alarm system will contact a security company. Usually when
06:36
you have an alarm system you pay a security company to
06:40
monitor your house or your place of business. We also use
06:46
the verb to go off. You can hear the alarm going off at
06:50
that building down the street or someone broke into the
06:53
jewelry store and you can hear the alarm going whenever you
06:57
break into somewhere with an alarm system you will set off
07:01
the alarm but you can also describe it as saying the alarm
07:05
is going off or if you open that door the alarm is going to
07:09
go off and that usually refers to like the sound that you've
07:13
set off the alarm that the alarm is going to go off So a
07:20
few more basic vocabulary words. This is a lock. Whenever
07:24
you want to make something secure you put a lock on it.
07:27
This is a standard lock. This lock takes a key. There's also
07:31
something called a combination lock. A combination lock is
07:36
very common in schools. Students at my school have a
07:41
locker. A small little cabinet where they can keep their
07:44
belongings. And most students have a combination lock on
07:49
their locker. I say most is 99% of students keep their locker
07:54
locked with a combination lock but some can't be bothered and
07:58
so they leave it unlocked. That's always a bad idea.
08:04
Whenever we talk about something being locked we
08:08
sometimes say it's under lock and key. So if someone was to
08:12
say to you where are you keeping all your money? You
08:15
could say my money's in the bank. Or my money is in the
08:18
basement under lock and key. Which means you have it locked
08:22
in a box. You should always keep your money in the bank
08:25
though. Don't keep your money in a box under lock and key.
08:28
But it is a common English verb or a common English phrase that
08:34
we use when we describe something that's locked up. Um
08:37
a lot of people who have jewelry keep it under lock and
08:40
key. Maybe they keep it in a a locked box somewhere in their
08:44
house. There's also a kind of lock called a bike lock. This
08:52
is a special lock that you use just for bicycles. A bike lock
08:57
looks like this. Let's make it a bit bigger. It's usually some
09:01
kind of combination lock. Although it might be a lock
09:04
that uses a key as well. But a bike lock is something you put
09:08
on your bike so that people don't steal your bike. Uh bike
09:12
theft is pretty high in most cities. If you don't lock up
09:18
your bike with a bike lock there's a good chance that your
09:21
bike will be stolen. To lock. So let's talk about the verbs
09:27
associated with locks. When you have a lock or when you have a
09:31
lock on your door you lock the door. That's the verb you use.
09:34
When I leave for work I lock the door. When I get out of my
09:37
car I lock my car. When I come home from work I unlock my
09:41
door. When I come out of the grocery store I unlock my car.
09:45
So you lock and you unlock. As simple as that. Another thing
09:50
people might buy for security or might install is a gate. So
09:57
remember we're talking about physical security. There are
10:00
things you can do besides locking your house. That can
10:05
help protect your house and keep you secure. One is to have
10:09
a gate. Here is a gate that you have to go through in order to
10:13
get to the end of this dock. So this person wants their dock to
10:17
be secure. Maybe they have an expensive boat at the end
10:20
sometimes. So you need to go through this gate and the
10:24
gate's probably lock. Although you could probably just swim
10:26
around it couldn't you? Sometimes People will install a
10:30
fence. So a fence is any kind of barrier like this. Usually a
10:35
fence is hard to climb. Sometimes a fence is short and
10:39
people install the fence so people know that they don't
10:44
want them to come onto their property. But sometimes they
10:48
make the fence super tall so that it's hard for people to
10:52
get onto their property. Sometimes a fence is just
10:56
decorative. When I say decorative means it's a short
10:59
fence and people installed it because it looks nice. But
11:02
sometimes people install a fence and it's very tall and
11:06
it's to prevent people from entering. And then the most
11:11
common kind of fence that I've seen in Canada is called a
11:16
chain link fence. I don't know if this type of fence is
11:19
familiar to you. A lot of businesses have chain link
11:22
fence around them. So this type of fence is made out of steel.
11:27
Uh usually stainless steel or galvanized steel. A chain link
11:30
fence a fence you can see through but it's very difficult
11:34
to climb over it and often a chain link fence will have
11:39
barbed wire along the top barbed wire is this wire you
11:43
see at the very top of this fence so this is a chain link
11:47
fence this is barbed wire at the top it's wire where if you
11:52
try to climb over you would hurt yourself because it would
11:55
poke you so a lot of times there's barbed wire at the top
12:02
Another thing people do and this is a simple thing you can
12:06
do in order to have more security on your property is to
12:10
have good outdoor lighting. Um when you have lights on outside
12:14
at night it prevents people from committing crime. It's a
12:19
deterrent we would say. So when you walk up to a house at night
12:23
when the lights are on you feel safer. When the lights are on
12:27
outside of your house there's just this ability to see it can
12:33
be a little scary at night if there's no light. Sometimes
12:36
you'll hear a sound or maybe you're a little bit scared of
12:40
the dark still. But certainly outdoor lighting is a great way
12:45
to light up the outdoors and to feel a little more secure and a
12:50
little safer. You might even go so far as to put bars on your
12:56
windows. I think someone in the chat mentioned this earlier. I
12:59
think Eugene mentioned it. Sometimes bars on windows is a
13:03
good way to prevent theft. In a lot of cities businesses and
13:09
Even apartments will often have bars on windows on the first
13:13
floor or the ground floor. So if you are on the second floor
13:18
it's less likely that someone's going to climb up and try to
13:22
get in your window. But often businesses and even apartment
13:25
buildings will have bars on the windows on the first floor.
13:29
Just so that at ground level the windows that people can
13:34
just walk up to there's a little more of a barrier. You
13:38
know you can't just break the window and climb in. There's a
13:41
Bars there that prevent you from doing that. And then as
13:48
well we have different kinds of locks. In this picture I would
13:53
call this the basically the door lock the normal door lock
13:57
is right there. But this door also has what's called a
14:01
deadbolt. A deadbolt is a large piece of metal. You can kind of
14:06
see it in the end there that slides out. Which makes it even
14:10
harder to open the door. If a door only has this lock. And
14:15
you kick it really really hard. You probably could eventually
14:19
break the door open. But if you also have a deadbolt, it makes
14:24
it a lot more difficult to open the door. So, a deadbolt is any
14:29
type of metal bolt or piece of metal that slides out with a
14:35
key and it's an additional measure for securing your door
14:39
so that you feel safer. And then along with that there's
14:45
also something called a door chain. This is something that I
14:49
only usually see when I'm at a hotel. Often a hotel door will
14:54
have a door chain or another type of lock that you can flip.
14:58
So that you can feel a little more secure when you're staying
15:01
at a hotel. The nice thing about a door chain is it lets
15:05
you open the door a little bit. Without opening it completely.
15:09
So let's say the doorbell rings and you I unlock the door but
15:14
you leave the door chain on and you open the door a little bit
15:17
and then you're like oh it's the pizza guy then you take the
15:20
chain off and open it and then you're able to get whatever the
15:25
pizza guy has brought to you. Probably yummy yummy pizza. A
15:29
peep hole. I had to I had to look this one up. Because this
15:33
is what I call it and I didn't know if that was the real word.
15:37
But if you live in an apartment or if you're at a hotel you
15:41
will most likely have a peep hole in your door. So that if
15:45
someone rings the doorbell or knocks you can look through the
15:48
little hole to see who's there. When you live in a house though
15:52
you usually don't have a peephole because
15:57
Most people have windows on the front of their house. So if
16:02
someone knocks or rings the doorbell you can look out the
16:05
window. Or you can peek out the window. But a peep hole is a
16:09
tiny thing. Oh I spilt some tea here. Is a tiny thing that you
16:13
often have in a door of an apartment building or hotel. So
16:17
that you can look out the door if someone knocks. We also have
16:22
car alarms. Almost every car in the last 10 or 15 years has a
16:27
key where you can lock the car and also has a minimal system
16:32
where if you try to open it the car will start to honk. But you
16:36
can if you want install a more expensive car alarm. Uh some
16:40
people do that. They buy an expensive car alarm for their
16:43
car. Uh something that's a little better than what comes
16:47
with their car. Maybe you are worried that someone's going to
16:53
try and take your wallet or your purse when you go for a
16:56
walk. So you might learn self defense. Self defense would be
17:00
when you go and take classes to learn how to defend yourself
17:04
from an attacker. Maybe you learn karate karate sorry. I
17:09
will say karate but karate is how English speakers say it. Or
17:13
jiu jitsu. And hopefully if these are words from your own
17:17
language. I'm not saying them wrong in your language. Uh but
17:21
maybe you will take some sort of class to learn how to defend
17:25
yourself. Uh to learn self defense. By the way I took
17:29
self-defense classes a long time ago and they said the best
17:33
defense is to run away. That is the best way to defend
17:38
yourself. If you can run away and get somewhere safe. That's
17:42
the best way to defend yourself. You might carry
17:46
pepper spray you might when you go jogging or when you go for a
17:51
run or when you go for a walk. If you're walking in a place
17:54
where you don't feel secure. Where you don't feel safe. You
17:57
might take spray. Pepper spray is something you spray at
18:01
someone and if it gets near their eyes it makes that their
18:05
eyes so they can hardly keep them open and they start
18:08
crying. So pepper spray is one way to defend yourself and one
18:13
way to feel more secure when you go for a walk. If you know
18:17
you have your pepper spray with you that's a good thing to do.
18:21
By the way I just noticed in the chat self defense also
18:25
could be called martial arts. So thank you for Mention that
18:28
English vibes, martial arts or self-defense. Uh learning how
18:32
to defend yourself. And someone mentioned this earlier.
18:37
Sometimes a good way to feel secure or have some security is
18:41
to just get a dog. Dogs bark when strangers come on your
18:45
property. Dogs love their owners and if someone tries to
18:49
do something to their owner the dog might get very very angry
18:53
it might bark. It might even bite the person who's doing
18:57
that. Most people just have a dog they would just say oh we
19:01
have a dog you know just for a little bit of security we have
19:04
a dog but if you have dogs at a business we call them guard
19:09
dogs okay so on our farm we have two dogs Oscar and Walter
19:13
I wouldn't call them guard dogs but they do guard the property
19:17
really well they do bark when people come and Oscar in
19:21
particular can get a little bit angry when strangers are on the
19:25
property so we wouldn't call them a guard dog but if Oscar's
19:29
job was to work at like a junkyard and and stop people
19:35
from stealing things. We would call him a guard dog. And then
19:40
a few people have asked questions about security
19:42
guards. So security guards are people who are hired to protect
19:48
buildings. Businesses and that type of thing. So if you had a
19:53
business and you wanted to make sure noone robbed the business
19:56
at night. You might hire a security guard. That person
20:00
would work through the night. They would keep an eye on
20:03
things. They would make sure noone stole anything. Uh and if
20:07
any tried to steal things they would yell or call the police
20:10
or do whatever they're supposed to do. So security guard. And
20:14
as we mentioned earlier I don't have a slide for this. If you
20:18
hire someone to protect you like if I was really famous and
20:23
needed someone to protect me we would call that person a
20:26
bodyguard. So celebrities will often have a bodyguard or two
20:31
bodyguards with them when they go places to protect them from
20:35
people who want to I don't know do harm or just get too close
20:40
to them or whatever. They might hire a bodyguard for that.
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