DON'T confuse these words! Either or Neither? Advice or Advise? Affect or Effect? + Free PDF & Quiz

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2020-11-28・ 47374

English with Lucy channel


How should you pronounce either or neither? Which should you use? We discuss confusing English words! Download free PDF: https://bit.ly/ConfusingWordsPDF. Skillshare: the first 1000 people to use the link will get a free trial of Skillshare Premium Membership: https://skl.sh/englishwithlucy11201 Ad - Thank you to Skillshare for sponsoring this video WATCH PART 2 HERE: https://youtu.be/zQBx-uU7F7U DO YOU WANT TO RECEIVE EMAILS FROM LUCY? Sign up here: https://bit.ly/EmailsFromLucy Don't forget to turn on subtitles if you need them! This is how I generate my subtitles (you can get a $10 subtitle coupon too): https://www.rev.com/blog/coupon/?ref=lucy (affiliate) Visit my website for free PDFs and an interactive pronunciation tool! https://englishwithlucy.co.uk​ MY SOCIAL MEDIA: Personal Channel: http://bit.ly/LucyBella​​​ (I post subtitled vlogs of my life in the English countryside! Perfect for listening practice!) Instagram: @Lucy http://bit.ly/lucyinsta​​​​​​​​​​ My British English Pronunciation Course is now LIVE: https://englishwithlucy.co.uk/pronunciationcourse (use code YOUTUBE10 for a 10% discount!) Do you want to improve your pronunciation? I have launched my British English (Modern RP) pronunciation course! I’ll train you to read phonetic transcriptions, and produce each sound that comprises modern received pronunciation. I’ll also teach you how to implement the correct use of intonation, stress, rhythm, connected speech, and much more. We’ll compare similar sounds, and look at tricky topics like the glottal stop and the dark L. Technically, I need to mark this as an AD even though it is my own company so - AD :) Want to get a copy of my English Vocabulary Planners? Click here: https://shop.englishwithlucy.co.uk - The best offer is the 4-book bundle where you get 4 planners for the price of 3. This product is very limited - don't miss out. The English Plan will be shipped from early August, from me here in England to you across the world! We ship internationally! Watch my explainer video here: https://bit.ly/TheEnglishPlanVideo Practice speaking: Earn $10 free italki credit: https://go.italki.com/englishwithlucy... (ad affiliate) Improve listening! Free Audible audiobook: https://goo.gl/LshaPp If you like my lessons, and would like to support me, you can buy me a coffee here: https://ko-fi.com/englishwithlucy FREE £26 Airbnb credit: https://www.airbnb.co.uk/c/lcondesa (ad - affiliate) Email for business enquiries ONLY: [email protected] Edit by Connor - [email protected]

Instruction

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00:00
Hello everyone and welcome back to English with Lucy. I am very, very excited about today's
00:06
video, because you helped me create it. I asked my Instagram followers to tell me some
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of the most difficult pairs of English words, words that my students genuinely find tough
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to remember, or to say, or to differentiate between. Words like effect and affect, either
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and neither, or is it either and neither? We will talk about that.
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What about except and accept, or loose and lose? Should you use assure, ensure, or insure?
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What do they mean? How do we use them? We will go through all of these and many, many
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more. I have 10 sets of confusing English words, and you will leave the lesson feeling
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that little bit more knowledgeable.
01:02
Before we get started, I would just like to thank the sponsor of today's video. It is
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the first 1,000 of my students to click on the link in the description box will get a
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free trial of premium Skillshare membership. What are you waiting for?
02:02
Right. Let's get started with the confusing English words. I'm going to present to you
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10 pairs, or in some cases, trios of words that are generally found to be very, very
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confusing. They are confusing to English learners and native speakers alike. I know that I make
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mistakes with these words quite frequently.
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To help you out even further, to help you learn and memorise all of these little nuances,
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I have created a PDF worksheet. It's got all of the information from today's lesson, plus
02:39
some extra activities that I think you'll really like. All you have to do to claim this
02:43
free PDF is to sign up to my mailing list and it will be sent directly to your inbox.
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The link to do that is also in the description box.
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So the first one we have, effect and affect. The pronunciation is so similar. With the
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first one, beginning with E, I say effect, effect. It's slightly more of an E sound at
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the beginning. With the word beginning with A, I use the schwa, affect, affect.
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Please note, I am teaching modern received pronunciation here. Of course, there are lots
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of variations. But in general, in the UK, I hear people using the schwa A sound for
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both affect, effect, affect, effect, the same. I will say affect and effect to emphasise
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which word I'm referring to. Both of these words can take the form of both a noun and
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a verb.
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Affect is most commonly a verb and effect is most commonly a noun. Usually, something
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affects something to produce an effect. So to affect, to affect, is to influence something
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or somebody. For example, do video games affect children's behaviour? Effect, the noun version,
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is a result or an influence. Do video games have an effect on children's behaviour?
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Now, effect can be used as a verb, to effect. However, this is quite rare, but it's not
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unheard of. It means to achieve or to produce. For example, we hope to effect a change in
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policy. Affect can be used as a noun, but this is incredibly rare and it's used in very
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specific situations, normally in psychology or psychiatry. And in this case, it means
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an emotional response, but I don't really see the value in going into detail in that.
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Now, how can you remember which is which? I have a little memory tip, affect comes first,
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alphabetically, with A. And an action, affect has to happen first in order to produce an
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effect. I don't know if that's made it easier or more complicated, but it made sense in
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my head. Okay.
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Now we have one with which I really struggle, a pair that I really struggle with. It is
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bring and take. They don't sound similar, but my mother always used these interchangeably
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when I was growing up. And it's only since I've been with my fiance, William, that I've
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realised how often I use these words incorrectly. I will say, if you use these incorrectly,
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it's highly likely that we understand what you mean.
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Obviously the most important thing is communication, but here we're getting down to the nitty-gritty.
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We're looking deep into these words. So bring movement towards somebody. So it depends on
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point of view. Normally it's towards the speaker. Now, take implies movement away from someone
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or something. Again, it totally depends on whose point of view we're looking at.
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Let's have a look at two dialogues. Both of these dialogues are from Tom's point of view.
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We have Tom, we have Jane, we are seeing things from Tom's point of view. Tom and Jane are
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in the living room. Tom asks, Jane, "Are you going to the kitchen?" And Jane replies with,
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"Yes." Tom responds with, "Can you bring me my phone charger?" So Jane will return from
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the kitchen with Tom's charger and give the charger to Tom.
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Another dialogue, again from Tom's point of view. Tom asks, Jane, "Are you coming over
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for dinner tonight?" And Jane responds with, "Yes." Jane doesn't talk much, does she? Tom
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then responds with, "Please, could you bring a dessert?" So Jane will carry a dessert from
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where she is to where Thomas is, in his house.
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So Tom and Jane are at home together. Tom says, "Please could you take this letter to
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the post office?" So the letter is moving away from where they are. It's a different
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place. Jane, who seems to be very, very nice, very submissive says, "Would you like me to
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take you to the station tomorrow?" So she will be carrying Tom from the house to the
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station.
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Now, I don't know why, with English as my mother tongue, I still find this concept so
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difficult to use correctly in my daily life. And that's just a clear example of how frustrating
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English can be sometimes. It's my mother tongue, and I still struggle with it, so please don't
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beat yourself up if you find some of these concepts quite hard. The most important thing
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is communication here.
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I might accidentally ask Will, "Oh, can you bring me to the station," instead of, "can
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you take me to the station?" And he always rolls his eyes and says, "Take." Oh, it's
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so annoying. The same thing happens with lefts and rights. I really struggle with lefts and
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rights. I just, my brain doesn't do it. And that's the same with bring and take.
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Right. Let's move on to these two words, either, or either, and neither or neither. Now, I
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really frequently receive questions about the pronunciation of these words, because
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I use the pronunciations interchangeably. How confusing is that? But seriously, there
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are just some words in the English language that have two or more accepted pronunciations
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and people tend to use both pronunciations.
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Now in general, in American English, they tend to use, as far as I'm aware, either and
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neither. It seems that in British English, we're more inclined to use both either, either,
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neither, neither. My recommendation to you is just pick the one you like best. I can
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imagine myself at dinner saying, "Oh, carrots or peas, either is fine." But I can also imagine
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myself saying, "Either one will do." Isn't that weird?
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I bet there is a study on these words and why we do that, and I need to find it. Now
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either, or either, means one or the other of two things or people. Anyone will do, it
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does not matter which. Neither, or neither, means not one nor the other of two people
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or things. Let me show you an example.
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Let's pretend I am in my classroom, teaching my class of students and I ask the classroom
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for a synonym for happy. So I want the class to give me another word that also means happy.
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Now, Miguel might tell me, "Content." And Rania might tell me, "Cheerful." Both of these
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answers are correct, so I can use either word.
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See, naturally I went to either there. I can use either word. I can use either word. There
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must be some logic to that. Now, Aga says, "Sad." And Nguyen says, "Down." Both of these
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answers are wrong. Neither answer is correct.
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Okay. Number four, we have advise and advice. So, I-S-E is a, zzz sound at the end, eyes,
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advise. I-C-E i a sss sound at the end, ice, advice. In this case, ise is the verb, advise,
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to advise. And advice, with ice, is the noun. To advise is to tell somebody what you think
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they should do in a particular situation.
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An example, I would strongly advise against going out alone. Advice is the noun version
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of this. It is a suggestion or an opinion on what somebody should do in a particular
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situation. His advice was to not go out alone.
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Let's move on to number five. It is practise and practise, the pronunciation of both is
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the same. Now in British English, the noun is practise, with I-C-E at the end. And the
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verb, to practise, has I-S-E at the end, so we have a difference. In American English,
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I-C-E is used for both. So a lot of my students always say, "I find American English easier."
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And this is one of the reasons why I totally understand, they have simplified, or it's
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not even simplified, it's they've just made some things more logical. I can't think of
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many situations in which it would be confusing to have the same spelling for practise as
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a noun and practise as a verb, but maybe I'm wrong.
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So to practise, as a verb, I-S-E in British English, I-C-E in American English, is to
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do an activity or to train in order to improve your skill. And practise, always I-C-E, is
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the act of doing an activity or training regularly in order to improve your skill. So let's look
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at these two sentences, one is British English, the other is American English. They will sound
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exactly the same just with different accents.
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Oh no, do I have to do my American accent? In British English, I need to practise my
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violin as it takes a lot of practise to play well. And American English. I don't know if
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I'm going to leave this in the video, we will see how it goes. I'm sure there's an American
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out there watching me thinking, "Shut up." I need to practise my violin as it takes a
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lot of practise to play well. I sound like Siri.
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Oh, that's so much fun. That is so silly. Right. We have still got five more pairs or
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trios of confusing words, but I'm going to stop the lesson here. I don't want to overload
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you. So next week, we will have the second part of this lesson. Do not forget to download
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the PDF for this first section of the lesson and to complete the activities. I think they
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will really help you get these differences and these confusing words into your brain.
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Don't forget to check out Skillshare. The first 1,000 of my students to click on the
13:54
link in the description box will get a free trial of premium Skillshare membership. Don't
13:59
forget to connect with me on all of my social media. I've got my Facebook, my Instagram,
14:04
and my email list. I've also got to my new British English pronunciation course where
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I teach modern received pronunciation. I'm very, very proud of it and we've had some
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fabulous feedback from students so far. I will see you soon for another lesson.
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