-ED pronunciation - /t/ /d/ or /id/? (pronounce PERFECTLY every time!) (+ Free PDF & Quiz)

2,391,247 views

2020-10-15・ 117358

English with Lucy channel


The -ed endings of regular past tense verbs and adjectives are pronounced in 3 different ways - learn how to pronounce them correctly every time! Download FREE lesson PDF here: http://bit.ly/pronounceEDpdf. DO YOU WANT TO RECEIVE EMAILS FROM LUCY? Sign up here: https://bit.ly/EmailsFromLucy Don't forget to turn on subtitles if you need them! This is how I generate my subtitles (you can get a $10 subtitle coupon too): https://www.rev.com/blog/coupon/?ref=lucy (affiliate) Visit my website for free PDFs and an interactive pronunciation tool! https://englishwithlucy.co.uk​ MY SOCIAL MEDIA: Personal Channel: http://bit.ly/LucyBella​​​ (I post subtitled vlogs of my life in the English countryside! Perfect for listening practice!) Instagram: @Lucy http://bit.ly/lucyinsta​​​​​​​​​​ My British English Pronunciation Course is now LIVE: https://englishwithlucy.co.uk/pronunciationcourse (use code YOUTUBE10 for a 10% discount!) Do you want to improve your pronunciation? I have launched my British English (Modern RP) pronunciation course! I’ll train you to read phonetic transcriptions, and produce each sound that comprises modern received pronunciation. I’ll also teach you how to implement the correct use of intonation, stress, rhythm, connected speech, and much more. We’ll compare similar sounds, and look at tricky topics like the glottal stop and the dark L. Technically, I need to mark this as an AD even though it is my own company so - AD :) Want to get a copy of my English Vocabulary Planners? Click here: https://shop.englishwithlucy.co.uk - The best offer is the 4-book bundle where you get 4 planners for the price of 3. This product is very limited - don't miss out. The English Plan will be shipped from early August, from me here in England to you across the world! We ship internationally! Watch my explainer video here: https://bit.ly/TheEnglishPlanVideo Practice speaking: Earn $10 free italki credit: https://go.italki.com/englishwithlucy... (ad affiliate) Improve listening! Free Audible audiobook: https://goo.gl/LshaPp If you like my lessons, and would like to support me, you can buy me a coffee here: https://ko-fi.com/englishwithlucy FREE £26 Airbnb credit: https://www.airbnb.co.uk/c/lcondesa (ad - affiliate) Email for business enquiries ONLY: [email protected] Edit by Connor Hinde - [email protected]

Instruction

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00:00
- Hello everyone, and welcome back to English with Lucy.
00:04
Today, I have a pronunciation lesson for you.
00:08
Please remember at the time teaching RP,
00:11
received pronunciation,
00:13
I love it when students come to me with what seems to them
00:19
to be a massive problem,
00:22
but I have a really quick, easy solution.
00:27
And that's what I have for you today.
00:30
I am going to teach you how to pronounce words like these.
00:34
Words that end in ed, because it's not so straightforward.
00:39
We have wanted, danced and saved.
00:45
Wanted, danced, saved.
00:49
So there are three different ways that we pronounce
00:52
ed at the end of a word.
00:55
And there are so many words that end with ed.
00:58
We have the regular past simple verbs.
01:02
We have the regular past perfect verbs,
01:05
and we have many adjectives.
01:08
So it's a bit frustrating that we have three different ways
01:11
of pronouncing ed at the end of words.
01:14
But I have a very simple trick that you can use
01:18
to instantly know whether you end the word with id,
01:23
whether you end it with t or whether you end it with d.
01:28
Id, t, d, before we get started,
01:32
I want to tell you about something very exciting,
01:36
something that I have been working on for years,
01:41
over two years, I'm only telling you students at the moment,
01:46
students who are watching this video,
01:48
because if you're watching this video,
01:50
then it's likely that you're interested
01:52
in improving your pronunciation.
01:54
I would like to give my students
01:57
that are interested in pronunciation,
01:59
the opportunity to find out about this project first.
02:03
If you are interested in hearing the latest news
02:07
about this pronunciation project,
02:10
then please click on the link in the description box
02:13
and register your details, and we will be in touch.
02:17
I very much look forward to telling you more.
02:20
So let's get started with the lesson.
02:23
I'm going to go through the method with lots of examples.
02:26
And then I have got an activity,
02:29
which is a story which will allow you to put into practise
02:34
what you've learned, it's a bit of a challenge.
02:36
So let's see how you do.
02:37
And as always, I have created a free PDF document
02:42
for you to use alongside and after this lesson.
02:45
To download that click on the link in the description box,
02:49
and it will be sent straight to your email address.
02:52
Let's take a look at some root words.
02:55
We have part, end, test and need,
03:03
all of these end in t or d.
03:08
So you're going to notice with this method.
03:10
It all depends on how the root word ends with which phoneme
03:17
or sound does it end?
03:19
In this case t and d, which are nearly always represented
03:24
by the letter t or the letter d.
03:27
If a root word ends in t or, d the ed is pronounced as id.
03:34
This means that it adds on an extra syllable,
03:38
part, parted, end, ended, test, tested, need, needed.
03:49
That is the easy part,
03:51
but what if a root word does not end with t or d?
03:57
Well does it attend with a vowel,
04:00
a voiced consonant or an unvoiced consonant?
04:04
If the root word ends with a vowel sound
04:08
or with a voiced consonant sound,
04:10
then the root word ends with voice.
04:13
Meaning that when you produce that last phoneme,
04:16
you can feel the vibrations in your throat.
04:20
If it ends with an unvoiced consonant,
04:23
you cannot feel the vibrations in your throat.
04:26
Look at these four root words.
04:29
We have dine, love, comply,
04:36
remember dine, I can feel the vibration,
04:41
love, I can feel the vibration,
04:45
comply that ends with a vowel sound.
04:48
And remember still with voice.
04:51
Remember that in received pronunciation,
04:54
if a word ends with r, the r is not pronounced.
04:58
In American English, you might say,
05:00
remember r, but in received pronunciation remember.
05:06
All of these root words and with voice.
05:09
And the great thing is that we match voice with voice.
05:13
If a word ends with voice apart from d,
05:16
then we match it with voice.
05:19
So we add d onto the end, loved,
05:24
dined, complied, remembered.
05:29
It would actually be more difficult to use t at the end
05:34
because you're moving from voice to unvoiced.
05:38
Dined, okay so moving on to the root words
05:42
that end with an unvoiced consonant,
05:45
take a look at these four.
05:46
We have clap, cake, dance and wash.
05:54
P, k, s, sh, none of the endings have voice in them,
05:59
just like we matched voiced with voiced before,
06:03
we match unvoiced with unvoiced.
06:06
So in this case, ed is pronounced as t.
06:11
Clapped, kicked, danced, washed
06:18
try ending these words with the d sound.
06:21
In my opinion, it's a lot more difficult.
06:25
So that's the theory behind it all.
06:27
Looking at the last sound in the root word,
06:30
and then working out what the next sound should be
06:33
with root words that end in any sound
06:36
other than, t and d, there is no extra syllable.
06:42
Love is not loved or loved, it's loved.
06:47
Kicked isn't kicked or kicked,
06:50
it's kicked, no extra syllable,
06:53
but decide is decided, extra syllable,
06:57
test is tested, extra syllable.
07:01
Some students prefer to learn words through studying them
07:05
in lists and other students prefer to hear them spoken
07:10
and to practise, to learn them in practise.
07:13
We're going to go through both ways of learning them.
07:16
First let's look at the list version,
07:18
and then I will tell you a story using the words,
07:21
and you have to guess what the pronunciation is.
07:24
Here are the sounds that come before id as ed
07:30
t, wanted, d, decided.
07:36
And here we have the sounds that come before d as ed.
07:41
We have b as in robbed, v as in lived,
07:49
z as in amazed, g as in rigged,
07:55
n as in find, m as in climbed,
08:02
n as in winged, dz as in judged,
08:08
th as in soothed, l as in called,
08:15
and then I've included r, just so you know
08:18
for American English pronunciation,
08:21
that it would be followed by d.
08:24
For RP, it isn't pronounced remembered,
08:27
remembered it's pronounced with a d because it ends
08:30
with a schwa vowel sound, which is voiced,
08:33
but in American English, the r is pronounced
08:35
at the end of words, and it would sound something like
08:39
remembered, remembered.
08:41
Then we have the sounds that come before t as ed.
08:45
The unvoiced sounds.
08:47
We have p as in helped, f as in sniffed or laughed.
08:56
S as in missed or danced, k as in asked,
09:04
I know some of my students struggle with that sound.
09:07
The combination of s, k, t, asked.
09:12
Asked we have t as in matched, s as in washed,
09:21
th as in unearthed.
09:24
There aren't many ed words with the th
09:28
at the end of the root word.
09:30
And we have z, as in camouflaged again, another rare one.
09:36
Now this rule also applies to adjectives,
09:40
but there are many more exceptions.
09:43
So some adjectives ending in t or d.
09:46
We have insulted or beaded,
09:51
adjectives ending in a voiced consonant or a vowel.
09:55
We have soothed or moved,
09:59
and unvoiced consonants distressed, astonished.
10:05
There are lots of irregular adjectives
10:08
that don't follow this rule, and they favour id at the end.
10:12
Naked wicked, jagged, rugged.
10:17
There is normally a g or k sound at the end
10:21
of the root word, but there are exceptions
10:25
to the exceptions, for example, beloved.
10:29
Okay, now it is time for the activity.
10:33
I am going to read a story to you.
10:36
It's filled with words that end in ed.
10:40
And each time I reach a word that ends in ed,
10:45
I'm going to stop for a couple of seconds to give you
10:48
the chance to say how you think it might be pronounced,
10:52
what ending you think it might have.
10:55
Count your scores and see how many you get right.
10:59
Share your results in the comment section.
11:02
As I've told you before, I loved living in Seville,
11:09
I always envisioned myself living there long-term.
11:17
I had also lived in Madrid,
11:23
but for some reason, Seville really inspired me.
11:32
It had nearly everything I wanted.
11:39
So I promised to myself, but I would move
11:46
that in the future.
11:48
I moved back to the UK to finish my studies.
11:55
When I finished, I rented a room from my parents
12:05
and started my teaching business.
12:12
One day, I was invited to a New Year's Eve party.
12:19
I didn't want to go, but I pushed myself.
12:27
I noticed a very handsome man there,
12:32
but we mostly ignored each other the whole night.
12:39
One day, this man messaged me
12:45
and asked me if I would participate in a charity dating show
12:53
that he had organised.
12:59
I responded with a yes and prepared for the event.
13:10
In the end, that man won a date with me.
13:14
And I postponed my plans to move to Seville.
13:22
Eventually, I simply cancelled them.
13:28
I discovered that home is not a place, it's a person.
13:37
I have visited Seville every year since.
13:43
And that's enough for me, true story.
13:48
That's it for today's lesson.
13:50
Don't forget you can get all of today's lesson notes,
13:52
and the full activity and lots of extra examples
13:56
by clicking on the link in the description box,
13:59
you enter your email address and it will be sent straight
14:03
to your inbox.
14:04
If you're interested in hearing more
14:06
about my pronunciation project,
14:09
all very secret at the moment,
14:10
then please do sign up with the other link
14:13
in the description box.
14:15
Don't forget to connect with me on all of my social media.
14:17
I've got my Facebook, my Instagram and my mailing list.
14:21
And you can also check out my personal channel,
14:24
where I share vlogs of my life on an English farm.
14:28
They are all fully subtitled.
14:30
So you can use them as listening practise
14:32
and to pick up lots of vocabulary, natural expressions.
14:36
I will see you soon for another lesson, mwaah.
14:39
(upbeat music)
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