Learn English in 90 minutes - ALL the Advanced Vocabulary You Need! (+ Free PDF & Quiz)

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2022-02-02・ 17118

English with Lucy channel


Learn advanced English vocabulary in under 90 minutes! Today we cover advanced personality, appearance, weather and much more! Download 34-page FREE EBOOK PDF: https://bit.ly/EbookPdF Ad - Go to https://nordvpn.com/lucy to get a 2-year plan plus 1 additional month with a huge discount. It’s risk free with Nord’s 30 day money-back guarantee! Thank you to NordVPN for sponsoring this lesson. Visit my website for free PDFs and an interactive pronunciation tool! https://englishwithlucy.co.uk​ Timestamps: 0:00 Introduction 0:19 Free Ebook PDF download 0:42 NordVPN Offer 1:54 Appearance Vocabulary 14:47 Weather Vocabulary 25:23 Personality Vocabulary 39:22 Posh & Old-fashioned Idioms 48:34 Advanced Verbs 1:02:16 Advanced Clothes Vocabulary MY SOCIAL MEDIA: Personal Channel: http://bit.ly/LucyBella​​​ (I post subtitled vlogs of my life in the English countryside! Perfect for listening practice!) Instagram: @Lucy http://bit.ly/lucyinsta​​​​​​​​​​ My British English Pronunciation Course is now LIVE: https://englishwithlucy.co.uk/pronunc... (use code YOUTUBE10 for a 10% discount!) Do you want to improve your pronunciation? I have launched my British English (Modern RP) pronunciation course! I’ll train you to read phonetic transcriptions, and produce each sound that comprises modern received pronunciation. I’ll also teach you how to implement the correct use of intonation, stress, rhythm, connected speech, and much more. We’ll compare similar sounds, and look at tricky topics like the glottal stop and the dark L. Technically, I need to mark this as an AD even though it is my own company so - AD :) Want to get a copy of my English Vocabulary Planners? Click here: shop.englishwithlucy.co.uk - The best offer is the 4-book bundle where you get 4 planners for the price of 3. This product is very limited - don't miss out. The English Plan will be shipped from early August, from me here in England to you across the world! We ship internationally! Watch my explainer video here: https://bit.ly/TheEnglishPlanVideo Practice speaking: Earn $10 free italki credit: https://go.italki.com/englishwithlucy... (ad affiliate) Improve listening! Free Audible audiobook: https://goo.gl/LshaPp If you like my lessons, and would like to support me, you can buy me a coffee here: https://ko-fi.com/englishwithlucy FREE £26 Airbnb credit: https://www.airbnb.co.uk/c/lcondesa (ad - affiliate) Email for business enquiries ONLY: [email protected] Edited by Connor Hinde - [email protected] #Vocabulary #EnglishVocabulary #LearnEnglish

Instruction

Double-click on the English captions to play the video from there.

00:09
hello lovely students and welcome back to english  with lucy i have got a huge vocabulary lesson for  
00:16
you today as always there is a free pdf that goes  with today's lesson if you'd like to download that  
00:22
just click on the link in the description box  enter your name and your email address you sign  
00:28
up to my mailing list and the pdf comes directly  to your inbox after that you will automatically  
00:33
receive all of my free lesson pdfs along with all  of my news course updates and offers i would also  
00:40
like to thank the sponsor of today's video  nordvpn in order to expand your vocabulary i  
00:47
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so it's risk-free to try it out right let's  get started with the vocabulary lesson
01:56
today i've got a slightly longer video lesson  for you we're going to be talking about  
02:04
vocabulary and more specifically how to describe  people's appearances now this is a really really  
02:12
important topic it's normally one of the first  things that you learn when you start to learn  
02:18
english but i want to go a bit more in depth  normally people are able to describe basic  
02:26
appearances i want to teach you slightly more  advanced vocabulary so that you can really give  
02:33
an accurate description of people's appearances  if you find understanding me slightly difficult  
02:40
you can switch on subtitles and so you'll be able  to see the words at the bottom of the screen so  
02:47
firstly we're going to talk about people's bodies  and i think i'm going to start by talking about  
02:54
height how tall somebody is so you might already  know these basic terms short and tall short and  
03:02
tall but what about if somebody is a normal  height well there are a couple of ways that  
03:09
you can express this you can say they are of  average height they are of medium height if  
03:16
you want to be more precise and say their actual  height in centimeters or feet and inches you can  
03:23
say around so i would say i am around five foot  six i'm actually at five foot five and a half but  
03:32
sometimes i say i'm five foot six um other words  that you can include are very or quite so he is  
03:40
very tall or she is quite short next we have body  type and weight now you have to be a little bit  
03:48
careful when describing somebody's body type  or their weight because you can hurt their  
03:54
feelings so firstly i'm going to give you some  positive adjectives to describe somebody's weight  
04:00
and then afterwards i'll give you the  more negative ones so that you can  
04:04
understand when or when not to use them but i  will warn you weight in the uk especially and  
04:10
many other places in the world is a very sensitive  subject so if you think you might insult somebody  
04:18
it's often best not to say anything at all um but  that's not my role here i'm teaching you words  
04:24
so let's get started so we have thin and fat these  are generally considered to be negative words  
04:32
so let's talk about some positive alternatives  for thin you can describe somebody as slender  
04:40
or slim they are really nice words if somebody  called me slender or slim i'd be flattered another  
04:47
word is lean and this means that they're  just skin and muscle it's a positive word  
04:53
because it means they're in shape they're  muscly there's no fat on them they're lean  
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you can also call somebody petite and this is  when somebody has a small build it's normally  
05:04
used to describe females who have small shoulders  they're quite short they're just like a woman only  
05:11
smaller they're petite if somebody is very thin  you can call them slight they're very slight and  
05:17
another one is lanky this means that somebody is  tall and very thin it means they've got long limbs  
05:24
lanky if somebody has got a bit of meat on them  you don't want to call them fat but some nice  
05:30
words you can use are curvy this means that woman  has curves curvaceous as well womanly voluptuous  
05:38
this means normally that they've got quite a big  bum and big boobs they're normally flattering  
05:43
when used in a non-creepy way for a man stocky  well-built musty okay now to touch on the negative  
05:53
words some quite soft ones for somebody who is  larger are plump chubby round this doesn't mean  
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fat or big it just means that they've got a little  bit extra on them you can also say overweight  
06:08
large big heavy and if somebody is very thin you  can call them underweight skinny bony if you can  
06:17
see their bones one word that's often used to  describe very thin people that shouldn't really  
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be used is anorexic it's a medical term it's  not actually an adjective to describe somebody's  
06:29
physical appearance so try to avoid that one  okay let's move on to hair now there are two  
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ways in which you can talk about somebody's hair  color you can say to have adjective hair or to be  
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adjective dash head for example i have blonde hair  i am blonde haired the second one's a bit of a  
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mouthful actually to be blonde haired i am blonde  head you can also just say i am blonde but that's  
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better to use for colors that are very specific  to hair colors like blonde and ginger and brunette  
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so i am blonde i am ginger i am brunette that's  fine but if you say i am white or i am black  
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it could be confused with skin color so it's  best to say i am black haired i have white hair  
07:23
so we've got a huge spectrum of colors that  you can be i'm going to talk about the most  
07:28
common ones but they are quite specific and  you might not have heard of them all before  
07:34
so let's start with the lightest and move to  the darkest so we have white then we have gray  
07:41
then we have platinum blonde and this is white  blonde hair it's normally not a natural color  
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but some people are lucky enough to have  naturally white blonde or platinum hair it's  
07:53
a really interesting color then we have blonde  if it's a bit darker it could be called golden  
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and then if it's a bit darker than blonde there  are two ways you can describe it if it's blonde  
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almost brown you can say dirty blonde if it's  blonde almost ginger you can say strawberry blonde  
08:13
then we have ginger which is more orange and red  which is like a darker red color obviously after  
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that you have mousey brown which is a light brown  color then brown then brunette as well which is  
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another way of saying brown hair it's normally a  bit darker then dark brown and then black now if  
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you don't want to specify a color of hair or skin  or eyes and you just want to say light or dark you  
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can say fair for light or dark for the darker  colors so i am fair i have fair eyes fair hair  
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and fair skin this means i'm just light somebody  else might have dark hair dark eyes dark skin  
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so we normally use fair or dark so what  about hair length well if you have no hair  
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then you are bald i am bald in a video that i did  on ali's channel papa teach me english i was bald  
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if you would like to see me with no hair and well  no feminine makeup different makeup then you can  
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click up there see if you recognize me i look  slightly different um then you have short hair  
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long hair but then in between you can have a  bob i have a bob haircut in my first videos  
09:39
i had very short hair and a bob haircut i  didn't ask for that haircut it was a surprise  
09:45
shoulder length hair medium length hair long  hair if you want to say how long your hair is you  
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can say my hair goes down to my so my hair goes  down to my armpit my hair goes down to my waist  
10:01
as far as hair texture you can have  straight hair wavy hair curly hair  
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afro hair which is really really dense curls  the quality of your hair can also be described  
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if your hair is very soft it can be silky or shiny  if it's not soft if it's quite damaged you can say  
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you have dry hair or you can say it's straw like  so let's move on to the subject of skin this again  
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is a more difficult one so we have the spectrum  of white and black but different people like to  
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be called different things so i would call myself  white i have a lot of friends with darker skin  
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who are often called black but they would actually  prefer to be called brown um i would say when in  
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doubt use fair or dark to describe somebody's skin  tone now in the middle we have tanned and this  
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means that you've been blessed by the sun you've  caught a suntan you've gone brown in the sun  
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and in british english we say tanned and in  american english they say tan if you're not tanned  
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then you are pale and that is what i am all of the  time i am always pale even when i go on holiday  
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now let's move on to eye color again you  can use fair or dark fair eyes light eyes  
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dark eyes so you can say to have adjective eyes or  to be adjective dash eyed so i have gray eyes i am  
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gray eyed i am dark eyed most of the  colors are pretty simple blue brown green  
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black gray brown i've said brown haven't i  but one color that's used quite frequently is  
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hazel if you have a sort of brownie green eye  it can be called hazel so they have hazel eyes  
12:01
now lips you can have thin lips but if  you want to talk about somebody with  
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big lips you can say they have full lips  so if somebody has big kissy pouty lips you  
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can say they have very full lips if somebody has  really sticky out lips that and speaks like this  
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you can call them pouty lips but yes full or  thin really next you can talk about noses so  
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big or small obviously are the basics if somebody  has a bend in their nose it can be called a  
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crooked nose a crooked nose if they haven't got  a bend in their nose it can be a straight nose  
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if somebody has a small nose you can call it a  button nose if they've got a hook a hooked nose  
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if somebody's nose is like this it's a  turned up nose or an upturned nose face shape  
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i looked online and apparently there are nine  different face shapes but we're going to talk  
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about four today you have oval round heart shaped  which ends in a point and square somebody has a  
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square jaw what about general appearance i  did do a video with anna from english like a  
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native about compliments and we discussed some  of the ways in which you can complement people  
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so that's the positive adjectives i will cover  them in this lesson but if you'd like to see that  
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you can click up there but it's quite  good to separate them into male and female  
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because one adjective that might be really really  flattering and positive for a male might actually  
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be quite insulting for a female adjectives that  can be used for both the positive ones attractive  
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beautiful stunning which means somebody is  just amazingly beautiful but then just for men  
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there's handsome and just for women there is  pretty now if you described a woman as handsome  
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you might be insinuating that she has manly  features um in the same way that if you described  
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a woman in the same way that if you described a  man as pretty you might be saying he has quite  
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feminine features which is not always something  that somebody wants negative ones you can have  
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ugly or plain other ways of describing people  you can describe them as masculine or feminine  
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boyish manly girly womanly right your homework is  to describe yourself in as much detail as possible  
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put it in the comments and i can't wait to see  your descriptions also if you can add any more  
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vocabulary then definitely include that in your  description as well today i'm going to talk to you  
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about how to describe the weather in english we're  going to start off quite basic and move up to more  
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advanced vocabulary i'm going to guide you through  seasonal weather hot weather cold weather wet  
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weather windy weather and i'm going to give you  verbs nouns adjectives and idiomatic expressions  
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idioms we're also going to do a little bit of  basic grammar at the beginning but very very  
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easy don't worry you may know that british people  are famous for always talking about the weather  
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and this is because we are lucky enough to have  four strong seasons winter which is really cold  
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spring which is sunny and wet at the same time  summer which is normally hot and sunny and autumn  
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which is colder and with lots of wind and when all  the trees lose their leaves i'm going to talk to  
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you today about different weather vocabulary that  you can find in each of the four seasons but first  
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let's discuss how to talk about the weather  from a grammar point of view this grammar is  
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fairly basic so if you're looking for advanced  vocabulary click to the time shown on screen
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if you want to use an adjective for example warm  you could say the weather is warm the weather is  
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adjective you could also say it is warm it  is adjective but it only really makes sense  
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if the adjective is related to the weather if you  say it is good i might wonder what what's good but  
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if you say it is warm i know that you're talking  about the weather you can also say it's a warm  
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day it's a adjective day but what if you want  to use a verb for example rain the verb to rain  
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you would say it is raining it is verb plus ing  that's if you want to talk about the weather  
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right now if you want to talk about yesterday  or the past you would say yesterday it rained  
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yesterday it verb plus ed apart from the  irregular verbs which have their own conjugation  
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if you want to talk about tomorrow or the  future you can say it will rain tomorrow it will  
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verb tomorrow or it's going to rain tomorrow it's  going to verb tomorrow if you want to talk about  
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a noun you would say there is there was or there  will be that's present past future plus the noun  
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there is a storm there was a storm there will  be a storm right so now that's out of the way  
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first let's talk about winter the month that  i am in now in england i'm going to start off  
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with adjectives and i warn you there are a lot of  adjectives associated with winter you can say cold  
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cold bitter bitter that's very very cold it's  just a step further than cold you could even  
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put them together and say it's bitterly cold  it's bitterly cold you can say it's chilly which  
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is slightly cold or chilling that's a little bit  more crisp crisp normally means it's cold and dry  
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or maybe it's icy icy you can say it's freezing or  it's frosty you can also say it is severe or it is  
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wintry that means it's a very wintry day it feels  like winter and it is winter if it's winter and  
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the weather conditions are very bad the skies are  gray you can say it's gloomy or it's bleak or if  
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there's a lot of very aggressive weather you can  say it's harsh we often talk about a harsh winter  
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now let's talk about some verbs you can say to  snow which is obviously white fluffy stuff falling  
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from the sky to sleet sleet is partly frozen  rain so it's like very wet snow or very very cold  
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almost frozen rain it's normally very unpleasant  if it's sleeting i go inside you can also say  
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to hail if it's hailing it means that little hail  stones little tiny balls of ice or normally tiny  
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but there are big ones a falling from the sky  it's completely frozen rain you can also say  
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to freeze or to freeze over and to freeze over  means covered with a layer of ice so i might say  
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my pond has frozen over my pond is covered with  ice now some nouns you might use to describe  
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winter so we've got sleet hail snow frost as i've  mentioned before you also have blizzard which is a  
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windy snowstorm and for some idioms you can have a  cold snap which is a short period of cold weather  
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or you can be frozen to death or frozen to the  bone which means you are completely frozen through  
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right let's talk about spring spring is known  for being sunny and rainy it's warm and it's wet  
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and it's when all of the plants start to grow  adjectives you can use are cool it means it's  
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not cold it's not unpleasant nor is it warm mild  is the same thing mild fresh as well it's a very  
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fresh day you can say it's bright the sun is  out you can say breezy which means a light wind  
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it's normally very pleasant and welcomed when  you're talking about clouds you can say cloudy  
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or slightly more advanced is overcast where there  is some sunlight but there are also some clouds  
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meaning that you don't have a completely sunny  day it's overcast you hear the meteorologists on  
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weather stations talking about an overcast  day quite a lot one that's not so positive  
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is muggy this is if the air is very very humid it  can be cold or hot you can have a muggy summer's  
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day as well but it means there's high humidity  in the air another word you can say is simply wet  
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it's a wet day it's been raining a lot time for  some verbs well talking about rain you can say to  
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drizzle it's drizzling this means it's a constant  but gentle flow of rain to shower pretty much the  
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same that means it's more sporadic or occasional  meteorologists normally say you can expect showers  
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throughout the day which means occasional patches  of rain you can say to poor which is where it  
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rains really really heavily moving on to the nouns  you've got rain which is uncountable you've got a  
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shower which is a light patch of rain you can  also have a downpour which is a really heavy  
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patch of rain or even a flood where the ground  becomes inundated and can't absorb any more water  
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idioms you can say to chuck it down which means  a heavy downpour you can say it's raining cats  
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and dogs although in reality we don't actually use  that idiom that much but it seems to be the first  
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idiom that anyone ever learns you can also say to  buck it down if it's bucketing down with rain it's  
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raining really hard and you can also be soaked  through this is where it's rained on you and you  
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are really really wet oh my god i'm soaked through  right let's talk about summer and adjectives that  
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can be used to describe summer weather firstly  of course we have hot other words that can  
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be used to describe hot weather are scorching  sweltering boiling sunny you could also say dry  
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if there's not been any rain and there's no  humidity you can say it's a clear day if there  
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are no clouds in the sky or you could say it's  very humid if the air is very wet you can also  
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say it's blistering a blistering sun verbs you  can say to shine the sun is shining you can also  
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say the sun is burning if it's especially hot and  you can also say to scorch just like the adjective  
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nouns the only extras really to add are sunshine  which we like to say a lot and to talk about the  
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heat now there are a couple of idioms relating to  our reactions to the sun you can say to catch some  
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rays which means to absorb some of the sunshine  and maybe get a tan you can also say to go brown  
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which again refers to tanning you can also soak  up the sun which means the same thing again and  
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when talking about sweating you can sweat like a  pig oh my god i'm sweating like a pig which means  
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i'm sweating a lot finally let's talk about autumn  or as they say in america fall in british english  
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we say autumn but we do understand what fall  means because we see it on the tv and in movies  
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in america they say fall some adjectives relating  to autumn my favorite and the most descriptive  
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is autumnal autumnal it's a very autumnal day it  tends to be windier in autumn so you can say windy  
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another lovely one is blustery it's a blustery  day and it can also be misty or foggy which is  
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when there is cold moisture in the air normally  in the mornings some verbs specifically relating  
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to wind it can be howling with wind to howl or  to blow as well the wind is blowing nouns a gale  
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a strong wind a hurricane a very very strong  wind a tornado that's when wind goes around in  
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a vortex and you've also got mist and fog which i  mentioned before which is cold moisture in the air  
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right that's it for today's lesson your homework  is to write in the comments about the weather  
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from where you are today and please mention where  you are because i love seeing where you come from  
25:24
welcome back to english with lucy today i'm going  to talk to you about how to describe personality  
25:32
and character in english and i'm going to help  you with your pronunciation by the end of this  
25:38
lesson you will know 72 adjectives that can  be used to describe personality and character  
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i've divided them into positive or approving  adjectives and also negative or disapproving  
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adjectives for each adjective i've included the  ipa transcription so you can really focus on the  
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pronunciation and also the definition let's  start with personality category number one  
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the adjectives within this first group describe  how willing you are to communicate with others  
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so we have extroverted extroverted someone  who is extroverted is lively and confident  
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and enjoys being around other people the opposite  or the antonym for this adjective is introverted  
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introverted so this describes somebody who is  more interested in their own thoughts and feelings  
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than they are in spending time with other  people we also have talkative talkative  
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this describes somebody who likes to talk  a lot then on the other hand we have quiet  
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quiet which means tending not to  talk a lot next confident confident  
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this means feeling sure about your ability to do  something and be successful and the antonym for  
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this is shy shy someone who is shy is nervous  about meeting people or speaking to people  
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right our second category talks about how  you make others feel firstly we have warm  
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warm someone who's warm shows enthusiasm and  affection and is friendly on the other hand we  
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have cold cold be careful with that oh vowel sound  i do actually have a video on that which i will  
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link down below someone who is cold is without  emotion and unfriendly next we have kind kind  
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this means caring about others gentle and friendly  on the opposite side we have unkind unkind this  
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means unpleasant unfriendly maybe even slightly  cruel and then we have sweet sweet someone who  
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is sweet shows a kind character the opposite is  nasty nasty a nasty person is an unkind person  
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the third category is how you treat the feelings  of others first we have considerate considerate  
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if you're considerate you are always thinking of  the feelings of others if you're not considerate  
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then you might be inconsiderate inconsiderate  this means not giving enough thought about other  
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people's feelings or needs we also have thoughtful  thoughtful if you are thoughtful then you show  
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that you care and consider other people's feelings  and needs the opposite is thoughtless thoughtless  
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this means that you don't care about the possible  negative effects of your actions or words then  
29:00
we have tactful tactful this means that you're  careful not to say or do anything that might upset  
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or anger other people and the antonym for that  is tactless tactless that's quite a hard one to  
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say with the cut combination tact tactless this  means that you say or do things that might upset  
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or anger other people our next category discusses  how much people might be able to trust you  
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first up we have trustworthy trustworthy we use  a voiced v sound i often hear it mispronounced as  
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trustworthy but it should be worthy your voice  should be constant it shouldn't cut out at any  
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point if someone's trustworthy then it means you  can rely on them to be good and honest on the  
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other hand we have untrustworthy untrustworthy  this is somebody who cannot be trusted  
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we also have reliable reliable if someone is  reliable then you can trust them to do something  
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well on the other hand we have unreliable  unreliable meaning that you cannot trust them  
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to do something well you can't depend on them then  we have loyal loyal this means remaining faithful  
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and supportive then we have disloyal disloyal this  means not loyal or faithful next we're going to  
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discuss adjectives that describe how honest  you are with others we have sincere sincere  
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this means that you show what you really think  or feel on the other hand we have insincere  
30:50
insincere if someone is insincere they say  or do things that they don't really mean  
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next we have frank frank which can actually  sometimes be negative or disapproving as well as  
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approving so it all depends on the tone of voice  or the context if someone is frank it means they  
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are honest or direct and are sometimes at risk of  hurting other people's feelings because of this  
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on the other side we have secretive secretive if  you're secretive you like to hide your thoughts  
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feelings and actions and keep them private then  we have direct direct and sometimes much like  
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frank this can also be negative or disapproving  depending on tone of voice and context if you're  
31:42
direct it means you say exactly what you  mean and no one can pretend they haven't  
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understood because it's very very clear then  we have not an exact antonym but sneaky sneaky  
31:56
this means behaving in a  secretive or dishonest way  
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the next category is how open you are to  the views and cultures of others we'll start  
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with tolerant tolerant if you're tolerant it  means you're able to accept what other people  
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say or do even if you don't agree with them on  the other hand we have intolerant intolerant this  
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means that you are not willing to accept behaviors  or ideas that do not correspond with your beliefs  
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we have open-minded open-minded if you're  open-minded it means you are willing to listen to  
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accept and think about other ideas on  the other hand we have narrow-minded  
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narrow-minded this means you are unwilling to  listen to new ideas or the opinions of others  
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and we have unbiased unbiased this means  that you're fair and not influenced by your  
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own opinions or someone else's opinions  on the other hand we have biased biased  
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this means you make unfair judgments and have  a tendency to favor a certain group of people
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now we're going to talk about the  adjectives associated with how  
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motivated you are we have strong-willed  
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strong-willed if you're strong-willed it means  you are determined to do what you want to do  
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regardless of what other people say on the other  hand we have weak-willed weak-willed this means  
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you lack the ability to resist the influence of  others and you can't control your own impulses  
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we also have determined determined this means that  you make firm decisions to do things and you don't  
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let anyone dissuade you on the other hand we  have a resolute a resolute this means that you  
33:54
are simply not able to decide what to do then we  have driven driven this means you are determined  
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to succeed and are working very hard to do so  on the other hand we have apathetic apathetic  
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which means you show no interest or enthusiasm the  next category discusses your attitude towards work  
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we have industrious industrious this means  hard working or busy on the other hand we have  
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idle idle if you are idle you are not  working hard we also have ambitious ambitious  
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if you're ambitious you're determined  to be rich powerful and or successful  
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we also have unambitious unambitious this means  that you are uninterested in becoming rich  
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powerful or successful we also have hard-working  hard-working which means you are willing to work  
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very hard or we have lazy lazy which means  that you are unwilling to work or be active  
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now let's discuss adjectives associated with how  good you are at learning and understanding we have  
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bright bright which means intelligent or quick  to learn we also have foolish foolish which means  
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not showing good judgment or sense there's clever  clever this is very common in british english it  
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means you're quick at learning and understanding  things on the other hand we have stupid stupid  
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which means showing a lack of thought or good  judgment then we have intelligent intelligent  
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which means you are good at learning and  understanding and on the other hand we have  
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unintelligent unintelligent which means you  are bad at learning and understanding things  
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now let's discuss adjectives that describe  how you treat money we have generous  
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generous which means that you are willing to  give freely on the other hand we have miserly  
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miserly if you're miserly then  you hate to spend money we have  
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giving giving which again means you are willing  to give freely and on the other hand we have mean  
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mean which means you are unwilling to give  or to share we also have frugal frugal  
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and if you're frugal it means you only use as  much food or money as necessary on the other  
36:43
hand we have extravagant extravagant which means  that you spend a lot more than you can afford  
36:52
now let's discuss adjectives which describe your  attitude around other people we have humble humble  
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if you're humble you show that you don't  think you are as important as other people  
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on the opposite side we have arrogant arrogant  which means that you behave in a proud  
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or unpleasant way and think you are better than  others we also have modest modest if you're modest  
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then you don't talk much about your own abilities  and achievements on the other hand we have vain  
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vein which means you are overly proud of  your own appearance abilities or achievements  
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the next one submissive submissive is both  approving or positive and disapproving negative  
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probably leaning more onto the negative side but  it means you are too willing to accept authority  
37:49
you're willing to obey them without question  on the other side again it's normally negative  
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but it can be positive sometimes bossy bossy this  means that you're always telling people what to do  
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finally let's talk about adjectives that can  describe how relaxed you are as a person we have  
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chilled chilled and this is slightly more slang it  is derived from the phrasal verb to chill out you  
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are chilled out you are chilled and this means you  are very relaxed on the other hand we have tense  
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tense this means you are nervous or worried and  unable to relax we also have laid back laid back  
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this means you're calm and relaxed and never seem  to worry about anything on the other hand we have  
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up tight up tight which means you are anxious  or upset about something we also have optimistic  
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optimistic which means you are positive and expect  good things to happen we also have pessimistic
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which means you expect bad things to happen  right your homework for today is to include  
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five of these adjectives in a comment down below  and use them to describe yourself so i want maybe  
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three to four sentences about yourself using some  of the adjectives that we've learned today and if  
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you can include any others that would be really  really good today oh today i'm so excited about  
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this lesson i've been excited since i wrote  this lesson a couple of days ago today i am  
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going to teach you 16 spiffing old-fashioned  british idioms that are going to make you sound  
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oh so fancy i think they make you sound really  intelligent educated and well-read when you say  
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them so learning them and saying them is no bad  thing you'll also be able to understand them more  
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when you hear them in old-fashioned movies or  tv series that are set in the past number one  
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is a little birdie told me or should be a little  bird told me but my grandad always says a little  
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birdie told me so that's what i say too and i  think you should also a little birdie told me  
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means a secret informant has told me someone  has told me something but i don't want to say  
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who that person is i'm protecting their identity  this phrase is thought to originate from the bible  
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an example a little birdie told me that you  went for afternoon tea with a mystery suitor  
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number two oh this is a gorgeous one i  love this one a fly in the ointment a  
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fly in the ointment it's so expressive  a fly in the ointment is a single thing  
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or a person that is spoiling something that  could have been very positive or enjoyable  
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for example i'm looking forward to tomorrow  the only fly in the ointment being that i'll  
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have to sit next to my dreadful brother-in-law  disclaimer both of my brother-in-laws to be are  
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lovely and i would happily sit next to them  tomorrow if there were an event number three  
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oh i know i'm saying everyone is great but  they are all really great because i pick them  
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number three is as keen as mustard as keen as  mustard if you are as keen as mustard it means you  
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are very eager or very enthusiastic and interested  in something for example she is as keen as mustard  
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to get her hands on that tea set her mother  promised her number four is to eat humble pie  
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to eat humble pie this means to admit that you are  wrong and apologize especially in situations where  
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this is very embarrassing or humiliating for you  for example i had to eat humble pie and publicly  
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apologize for spreading vicious rumors about her  gap year i made that up i don't spread rumors very  
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often number five is pardon my french pardon my  french this means oh please forgive my swearing  
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basically the person who said a swear word is  attempting to pass it off as french for example  
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oh pardon my french i don't know what came  over me number six another personal favorite  
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of mine it is hanky panky hanky-panky this is  unethical behaviour deceit or illicit relations  
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make of that what you will for example i am  certain that a bit of hanky-panky went on  
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at the wedding reception number seven this is a  phrase i've used quite frequently actually it is  
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to see a man about a dog this is a phrase that is  used to apologize for one's imminent departure or  
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absence especially if you're trying to conceal  where you are going or what you're going to do  
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for example i'm so sorry that i'm going to  miss the rest of this delightful christening  
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i have to go and see a man about a dog this would  be me expressing to my friend that i cannot spend  
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another minute at this dreadful event and i must  go and go for a drink or go out somewhere number  
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eight is neither here nor there neither here  nor there this means that's not relevant to the  
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point or it doesn't matter for example yes it was  our first date but that's neither here nor there  
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number nine this is a phrase used by my grandma  a lot not because she sleeps loads just it's  
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something she's always said to go for 14 winks is  to go for a short sleep or a nap without actually  
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saying it because we're british and we don't like  to say things directly for example i'm just going  
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to retire to the sitting room and go for 40 wings  it's not a sleep it's 40 weeks number 10 is to  
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turn a blind eye to turn a blind eye this means to  pretend not to have noticed something for example  
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i saw her take the last scone but i decided to  turn a blind eye also yes i pronounced it as  
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scone if you think it's scone you can go nuts in  the comments section i'm not willing to have an  
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argument on this it's scone in my family number  11 is pot calling the kettle black pot calling  
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the kettle black this means hypocrite this has  been used since the 1600s and back in those days  
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pots and kettles were both made out of iron and  they were both covered in soot and they were  
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always black so if a pot that is black is also  calling a kettle black it's quite hypocritical  
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for example you think i'm stuck up pot calling  kettle black you're stuck up too number 12  
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i can't do something to save my life i can't do it  to save my life this is a hyperbolic way of saying  
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that you are incredibly inept at something you are  unable to do it well it's often used to express  
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reluctancy and unwillingness to do something  and it's used in a self-deprecating way very  
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typically british for example if somebody asked me  to make a victoria sponge which happens to me most  
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frequently but i didn't want to make it i might  say i can't make victoria sponges to save my life  
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maybe your mum could make one done i don't have  to make a victoria sponge they think i can't make  
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them to save my life number 13 is to get someone's  goat to get someone's goat this means to irritate  
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someone and the origins of this phrase are quite  interesting they're to do with horse racing  
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in the 19th century supposedly nervous racehorses  would be calmed down by placing a goat in their  
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stable with them but rivals would take or steal or  get the goat thus making the horse nervous again  
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and then hopefully the rival's horse would win the  race for example you know who really gets my goat  
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actually i'm trying to think of who i can say gets  my goat on here really i'm perpetually scared of  
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offending people there are so many people  who get my goat but none of them are worth  
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drama number 14 is to kick the bucket to kick the  bucket this means to die in britain we don't like  
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saying that someone has died we like to say they  have passed away or they have popped their clogs  
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or they have kicked the bucket for example  unfortunately my great uncle arthur kicked  
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the bucket last year number 15 is the apple of my  eye the apple of my eye this is one you may have  
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heard before it's very commonly used in america  the apple of one's eye is something that one  
46:53
cherishes above all others the phrase was used in  a midsummer's night dream and it refers to a time  
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when people thought that the pupil of the  eye was a solid object the actual apple  
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of your eye for example my william is the apple  of my eye oh that's so romantic i wonder if he'll  
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see this he claims to watch all of my videos  i don't ask him to he claims to but um  
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let's see if he notices apple in my eye or you  might not be after this number 16 i've saved the  
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best till last and yes i have mentioned this in  a video before but it was a very long time ago  
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three years ago i'm so old uh it is bob's your  uncle bob's your uncle and this means as simple  
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as that i'll use it all the time as simple as  that well bob's your uncle there you have it  
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easy as that for example boil the kettle place  a tea bag in the cup fill it up with water  
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let it rest for 2.5 minutes maybe three but no  longer take it out dash of skimmed milk bob's your  
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uncle cup of tea right that's it for my spiffingly  fancy video today i hope you enjoyed it i hope you  
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learned something if you would like to learn about  more old-fashioned phrases i was thinking about  
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doing one on old-fashioned insults but um you  know maybe that's not something you'd like to see  
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you can always recommend what you'd like to see in  the description box no not in the description box  
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you don't touch that i touch that in the comment  section down below today i am going to teach you  
48:38
50 advanced verbs that are going to make you sound  more intelligent when you speak and they're going  
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to dramatically increase your vocabulary please  note that lots of these verbs have multiple  
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meanings i'm focusing on one meaning per verb  and i'm using them in a more advanced context  
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number one is to alter to alter this means to  make somebody or something different for example  
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you shouldn't feel the need to alter  your appearance number two is to amend  
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to amend this means to change a law document  or statement slightly in order to correct a  
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mistake or to improve it for example would  you mind amending those documents i sent you  
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number three is to amplify to amplify this  means to add details to a story or a statement  
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for example she refused to amplify further  she refused to tell us any more details  
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number four is to balloon to balloon this means  to suddenly swell out or to get bigger for example  
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employment rates ballooned to 90 percent number  five is to blab to blab this means to tell someone  
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information that should be kept secret for  example someone must have blabbed to the police  
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number six is to brief to brief this means  to give someone information about something  
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so that they are prepared to deal with it for  example the officer briefed her on what to expect  
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number seven is to capture to capture this means  to film record or paint somebody or something this  
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is usually used in the passive form for example  the robbery was captured on film by the security  
50:48
cameras number eight is to clasp to clasp this  means to hold something tightly in your hand  
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for example she clasped her hands together as she  waited number nine is to clutch to clutch this  
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means to hold somebody or something tightly for  example i clutched onto his shoulder for support  
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number nine is to collide to collide this  means to disagree strongly for example my  
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partner and i often collide over political  differences number 11 is to command to command  
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this means to tell somebody what to do for  example she commanded the release of the prisoners  
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number 12 is takawa takawa this means to bend low  and or move backwards because you're frightened  
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for example the dog whimpered  and cowered at his feet  
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number 13 is to crave to crave this means  to have a very strong desire for something  
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for example i've always craved  excitement number 14 is to dash to dash  
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this means to go somewhere very quickly for  example a mustache it was lovely to see you  
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it's a good one to use if you're trying to escape  an unwanted conversation number 15 is to detect  
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to detect this is to discover or notice something  especially if that something isn't easy to see or  
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hear for example the tests are designed to detect  the disease this is impossible i need to include  
52:47
this in a tongue twister video for example  the tests are designed to detect bacteria
52:55
number 16 is to deviate to deviate this is to do  something in a different way from what is usual  
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or expected or to be different from something for  example let's not deviate from the original idea  
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number 17 is to discern to discern this is to  see or hear something usually with difficulty  
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for example i quickly discerned that something was  wrong number 18 is to dismantle to dismantle this  
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is to take something apart usually a machine  or a structure so that it's in separate pieces  
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for example i had to dismantle the printer in  order to repair it number 19 this is a lovely  
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one it's to eavesdrop to eavesdrop this means to  listen secretly to what other people are saying  
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for example we caught her eavesdropping outside  the window number 20 is to escort to escort  
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this is to go with somebody either to protect them  or to show them the way for example let me escort  
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you to your room number 21 is to expose to expose  this is to tell the true facts about a person  
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or a situation and show it or them to be illegal  or immoral for example she was exposed as a liar  
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and a fraud number 22 is to glare to glare this is  to look at somebody or something in an angry way  
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for example she didn't shout she just glared  at me number 23 is to gravitate to gravitate  
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this is to move towards something or someone  that you are attracted to for example  
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many young people gravitate towards london in  search of work number 24 is to gush to gush  
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this is to express so much praise for someone or  something that it doesn't seem sincere for example  
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rachel is always gushing about how much she values  peru's friendship number 25 is tobble to hobble  
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this means to walk with difficulty especially  because your legs or your feet hurt  
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for example she was hobbling  around on crutches yesterday  
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number 26 is to hover to hover this means  to wait somewhere especially near someone  
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in an uncertain or shy manner for example  he hovered over her waiting for an answer  
55:48
number 27 is to ignite to ignite this means to  start to burn or to make something start to burn  
55:56
for example tempers ignited when the redundancy  packages were announced number 28 is to intertwine  
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to intertwine this means to become very closely  connected with somebody or something for example  
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their political careers became very closely  intertwined number 29 is to lurk to lurk  
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this means to wait somewhere secretly especially  because you're going to do something illegal or  
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bad for example she saw someone lurking in  the doorway and decided to leave immediately  
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number 30 is to mimic to mimic this means to  look or behave like someone or something else  
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for example his behavior mimicked that  of his mother number 31 is to oppress  
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to oppress this means to make someone only  able to think about worrying or sad things  
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for example he was beginning to feel oppressed  by his surroundings number 32 is to peer to peer  
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this is to look closely at something  especially if you can't see it properly  
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for example he peered closely at the  photograph number 33 is to pinpoint  
57:20
to pinpoint this means to be able to give the  exact reason for something or to be able to  
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describe something exactly for example the report  pinpointed the areas most in need of development  
57:36
number 34 is to prune to prune this means  to make something smaller by removing parts  
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for example please could you go through the  report and prune out any unnecessary details  
57:51
number 35 is to recoil to recoil this means to  move your body quickly away from something or  
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someone because you find it or them frightening  or unpleasant for example she recoiled in horror  
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after he tried to kiss her number  36 is to reverberate to reverberate  
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this means to have a strong effect on  people for a long time or over a large area  
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for example repercussions of the case continue to  reverberate through the financial world number 37  
58:30
is to saunter to saunter this means to walk in  a slow relaxed way for example she's sauntered  
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down the corridor looking as if she had all  the time in the world 38 is to seize to seize  
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this means to take someone or something suddenly  using force for example he seized hold of my hand  
58:56
and led me to the exit number 39 is to shatter to  shatter this means to destroy something completely  
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especially someone's hopes dreams or expectations  for example he shattered her confidence when he  
59:12
told her how he really felt about her singing  voice number 40 is to shrivel to shrivel i love  
59:20
saying that one to shrivel this means to make  something become dry and wrinkled as a result of  
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heat cold or being old for example the long bath  had shriveled my fingers and toes number 41 is to  
59:36
slump to slump this means to fall in value price  or number suddenly by a large amount for example  
59:46
profits have slumped by over 12 percent this  quarter number 42 is to struggle to struggle  
59:54
this means to try very hard to do something when  it's very difficult or there are a lot of problems  
00:00
for example i'm really struggling to pay all of my  bills on time number 43 is to stumble to stumble  
00:09
this means to walk or move in an unsteady way for  example we stumbled around in the dark trying to  
00:17
find the light switch number 44 is to trim to trim  this is to make something better smaller or neater  
00:26
by cutting parts away from it for example  staff numbers have just been trimmed to 15.  
00:34
number 45 is to upstage to upstage this is to say  or do something that makes people notice you more  
00:43
than the person they should be interested in  for example how dare you upstage me at my own  
00:49
wedding number 46 is to withdraw to withdraw  this is to stop giving or offering something to  
00:58
someone for example unless you sign the contract  within seven days the offer will be withdrawn  
01:06
number 47 is to wrestle to wrestle this means to  struggle to deal with something that is difficult  
01:15
for example we wrestled for hours with the  problem of which task to start first number 48  
01:22
is to yank to yank this means to pull  something or someone hard and suddenly  
01:30
for example i yanked the door open and ran outside
01:38
someone's dog's barking number 49 is to  yearn to yearn this means to want something  
01:46
very much especially when it's  very difficult to get or achieve  
01:50
for example i've always yearned to escape from  office life and number 50 is to zap to zap  
01:59
this means to do something very quickly  it's often used to replace the word to read  
02:05
for example i'll zap through this report  and i'll get back to you in the morning  
02:10
right that was my lesson on 50 advanced verbs  that you can now use and impress people with  
02:18
today i have a vocabulary lesson we are  going to talk about clothes vocabulary  
02:25
but not just the basic clothes vocabulary we're  going to go into detail when you start learning  
02:31
english one of the first things that you learn is  socks t-shirt shoes hat but there is so much more  
02:38
than that there's so much more advanced vocabulary  what's the difference between a t-shirt bra  
02:45
and a push-up bra or boxers and briefs what  would you call this neckline style on a t-shirt  
02:54
i'm going to tell you all of this i think we  should start with underwear because hopefully  
02:59
that's what you put on first now i am going to  be talking about menswear and women's wear but i  
03:05
completely understand that you can wear whatever  you want regardless of gender we're just going  
03:10
from a vocabulary standpoint here let's start with  men's underwear in british english we call men's  
03:17
underwear pants now in american english pants is  what we call trousers so if someone from the u.s  
03:26
says take off your pants it means take off your  trousers but if a british girl says take off your  
03:31
pants she might be flirting with you now pants is  a very general term but we can be more specific  
03:37
we have boxer shorts or boxers and these tend to  have an elastic waist and baggy legs baggy means  
03:47
loose or not tight briefs which are also known  as y fronts are shorter and tighter they're often  
03:55
referred to as snug which means tight and close  fitting we also have boxer briefs which have that  
04:02
same elasticated waist and they have long legs  which are tight-fitting now let's talk about the  
04:08
women's wear equivalent in american english they  call women's underwear panties now we don't tend  
04:17
to say this in british english panties almost  sounds like something you'd say to a child it  
04:22
sounds quite childish which obviously when you're  talking about underwear doesn't sit well with me  
04:27
in british english we say pants or knickers so  that pants word is a really general unisex term  
04:34
knickers is generally referring to women's wear  now we also have lots and lots of different types  
04:41
of knickers we have briefs now these are  often rudely referred to as granny pants  
04:47
because they're bigger and they're not deemed to  be attractive but i can think of many occasions  
04:52
where having attractive underwear is not your  number one priority so briefs can be very very  
04:59
comfortable and convenient these cover you well  they are triangular and they come up high and  
05:04
they finish low if you want underwear that holds  you in and slims you and smooths your silhouette  
05:11
then you have the option of control pants  or spanx which is actually a brand name but  
05:17
because they were sort of the pioneers like the  hoover spanx they were the first in the market  
05:23
so their brand name has actually become  something that we use for any brand  
05:27
we also have boy shorts these are basically the  women's wear version of boxer shorts we also  
05:33
have knickers with just a thin strip at the back  these have many names you can call them a g-string  
05:38
i grew up playing the violin and i always  found it so funny when my g-string broke  
05:45
tell everyone oh no i've broken my g-string you  can also call them thongs or brazilians thongs  
05:51
seems to be a really thin strip at the back and  brazilians are slightly thicker at the back now  
05:56
some important vocabulary vpl lots of women choose  to wear thongs and brazilians and g-strings to  
06:04
avoid the vpl which means visible panty line this  is where the edge of your underwear can dig into  
06:12
your skin and be visible through clothes i know i  much prefer a seamless look seamless means smooth  
06:20
without any joins a seam in clothing is where  two pieces of fabric have been sewn together  
06:25
that's the scene there let's also talk about bras  these are very very important or not so important  
06:31
nowadays it seems to be quite in fashion to not  wear a bra bra is short for frazier but hardly  
06:38
anyone says that anymore we just say bra there are  lots of different styles we have a triangle bra  
06:46
which is of course in a triangle sort of more  of a bikini shape we have a t-shirt bra which  
06:51
is a bra that's intended to be invisible  under your t-shirt a sports bra this has  
06:56
lots of control so there's minimal movement when  doing exercise and running we have a strapless bra  
07:03
with no straps straps other pieces of material  that go over your shoulder we have a push-up bra  
07:10
sometimes referred to as a wonder bra but again  wonder bra is a brand but because they were one  
07:17
of the early ones on the market lots of people  got used to saying wonder bra for every brand  
07:23
the correct brandless term is a push-up bra and  this is where you have extra sponge or filling  
07:30
to push up your cleavage and create a bustier  look one last one we have is a bandeau this is  
07:37
a strapless piece of material normally without  too much structure there are two adjectives that  
07:43
you need to know when it comes to bras padded and  underwired if a bra is padded it means it has an  
07:50
extra layer of material this helps you have extra  shape if a bra is underwired it means it has some  
07:57
wiring below the cup again to give extra shape  lots of women avoid under wiring for comfort  
08:05
reasons let's move on to another underwear section  socks and tights the things you wear on your feet  
08:11
and your legs let's start with socks we have  trainer socks and these are socks that finish  
08:16
just below your ankles so technically they should  be invisible when you wear trainers we also have  
08:22
pop socks and these just cover the outer part  of your feet so that they are invisible in most  
08:29
shoes we also have ankle socks that come up  to the ankles mid calf over the calf knee high  
08:36
over the knee and thigh high we also have  what are called tights in british english or  
08:44
pantyhose in american english these are like  long socks that come all the way up to your waist  
08:51
so they are joined together at the top like a pair  of leggings the thickness of these are determined  
08:56
by the denier which describes the thickness of  the yarn or material used to make them 20 denier  
09:03
pair of tights would be very thin and transparent  and 100 denier pair of tights would be very thick  
09:08
and warm stockings are a sort of cross between a  pair of tights and socks that finish at your thigh  
09:14
but they're normally in that tight nylon sort of  material lastly we have thermal underwear which  
09:19
we wear under our clothes to keep us warm we have  long johns which are thermal trousers or leggings  
09:25
an undershirt which is usually a long-sleeved  shirt vests are sleeveless thermal tops with  
09:32
thin straps in general we would just refer to  any piece of clothing used to keep us warm as our  
09:38
thermals oh i've got my thermals on oh i wish i'd  put my thermals on right we're done with underwear  
09:44
let's move on to what goes on the top half of  your body in british english anything that goes  
09:49
on the top half of your body is generally  called a top in american english generally  
09:56
it's a shirt but a shirt in british english would  imply that it has a collar buttons and maybe cuffs  
10:03
one word that you will hear a lot when talking  about tops is sleeves or sleeved the sleeves are  
10:10
the part of the garment that cover your arms  if something is short sleeve and it has short  
10:17
pieces of material on your arm long sleeves the  opposite we also mention collars which is the  
10:23
material that can cover your neck and the neckline  which is essentially a hole for your head i think  
10:30
neckline vocabulary is very important because  different necklines suit different people we have  
10:36
the v-neck we have this this is a boat neck this  has got a thin kind of crescent shape a polo or  
10:43
turtle neck we have a cowl neck which has some  extra material and we also have a crew neck  
10:49
which would be considered the most normal style of  t-shirt neck a sweetheart neck forms the top shape  
10:56
of a love heart this is considered to be very  feminine square neck scoop neck and a halter neck  
11:03
where the sleeves come up and go around your neck  i love halter necks in the summer a top can be  
11:09
sleeveless or strapless it can be strappy or  have straps i know my mum would say oh i love  
11:16
your strappy dress meaning your dress with straps  really thin straps can be called spaghetti straps  
11:22
because they look like a strand of spaghetti  we could have short sleeves half length sleeves  
11:27
three quarter length sleeves or long sleeves now  in british english a top with straps is usually  
11:34
called a vest in american english it's usually  called a tank although because here in britain we  
11:40
consume a lot of american media we do now use the  word tank as well but when i was younger growing  
11:46
up i would always say vest top but now i'm older  tank top seems to be just as common this could be  
11:50
because brands are more international now so they  choose to use the american terminology something  
11:56
that's very popular at the moment crop tops these  are short tops that finish under your torso and  
12:02
they show your midriff or your stomach as i  said before shirts in british english refer to  
12:08
tops with buttons down the front and a collar and  usually cuffs we also have blouses these are like  
12:15
feminine shirts they're normally more loose  fitting they don't necessarily have the collar  
12:19
and they're considered to be more smart and formal  cuffs are the end parts of shirts and to seal them  
12:26
we i don't know why i pinched myself just there to  close them we use cufflinks cufflinks that's the  
12:31
accessory that many men receive on their birthdays  let's talk about the tops that keep you warm  
12:38
in british english we have jumpers  and in american english they call them  
12:42
sweaters if you said to a british person can  i borrow a sweater i think we would understand  
12:49
you but we might think maybe you're looking for  sportswear we do have sweatshirts which are like  
12:54
hoodies but with no hood and generally no  pocket on the front they're normally cotton  
13:00
with tight sleeves hoodies have a hood and a  pocket at the front we also have jumpers or  
13:06
knitwear there's lots of different styles cable  knit or chunky knit my fiance will loves a cable  
13:13
knit jumper we also have fair isle print which  have that christmassy design around the neck  
13:19
striped or stripey and also cardigans which  are divided down the middle and are closed  
13:25
with buttons now let's talk about some casual  jackets as well we have a biker or leather  
13:31
jacket made out of leather denim jackets  bomber or military jackets and baseball or  
13:39
varsity jackets and these are an american style  jacket but they became very popular in the uk  
13:44
and they are what college students tend to wear we  also have formal jackets a blazer is a more casual  
13:53
less tailored formal jacket we have a tailored  jacket which is very close fitting a dinner jacket  
13:59
which has satin on the lapels they are the parts  that are folded back on a formal jacket we can  
14:07
have jackets and coats that are single-breasted  with one row of buttons or double-breasted  
14:13
with two rows of buttons we also have a morning  coat jacket which has long tails at the back  
14:19
let's talk briefly about the different styles of  coats we have a trench coat often found in beige  
14:26
usually tied at the waist very burberry duffel  coats which are closed using those special  
14:31
wooden fasteners parker jackets and rain jackets  a ski jacket a very puffy one for cold weather  
14:39
we also have a shooting coat which is used for  british country sports and an overcoat as well  
14:46
on colder evenings women in particular may choose  to wear a poncho which is like a blanket that goes  
14:52
all the way around it has no sleeves a shawl  a big scarf that you can wrap around or a wrap  
14:58
as well those are alternatives to coats let's move  on to the bottom half of your body now we have  
15:03
jeans and we have so many different types of jeans  we can have high-rise mid-rise or low-rise they  
15:09
can also be called high-waisted jeans low-waisted  jeans we can have skinny jeans straight leg jeans  
15:16
bootleg jeans which go out under the knee  flared jeans as well and mom jeans which are  
15:21
very popular now you can also have jeggings  which are a cross between jeans and leggings  
15:27
they normally have fake pockets and i'm really  glad that they're not that popular anymore because  
15:32
i didn't like them we have leggings which can  be high-waisted or regular we have joggers in  
15:38
british english or sweatpants in american english  they are meant to be for athletic wear but now  
15:46
athletic wear is everyday wear and sometimes  formal wear athleisure i think they call it harem  
15:52
pants which are very loose fitting they've got  a very low crotch which is the piece of material  
15:58
between your legs wide leg trousers they're  becoming more and more fashionable we also have  
16:03
corduroy trousers which are made of a specific  material corduroy cargo pants or cargo trousers  
16:10
these are sort of military inspired they're  baggier chinos these are cotton trousers often  
16:17
found in beige shorts which of course are shorter  trousers or if you want really tiny shorts you  
16:23
can have short shorts in british english or hot  pants in american english we also have skirts  
16:29
there are lots of different styles starting with  length we have mini midi maxi mini's really short  
16:36
midi's at your knee maxi is down to the ground  skirts can be pleated meaning they have ironed  
16:43
folds of material they can be skater skirts  which mean they go out like an ice skater  
16:48
we also have tulip skirts which mean they come in  like a tulip trumpet skirts go out at the bottom  
16:55
like a trumpet this is all very logical we have  tiered skirts also called rara skirts they've got  
17:02
lots of different layers of material coming  off and my favorite a pencil skirt which is  
17:07
just a figure-hugging skirt that normally goes  mid-thigh to the knee we have lots of different  
17:14
types of dresses as well that go over your full  body but one thing i want to mention before  
17:18
is a jumpsuit so this is a full body outfit  that has trousers as opposed to a skirt  
17:24
these are usually full length if you want your  top attached your shorts this is normally called  
17:29
a playsuit in british english or it's called a  romper in american english cute short very summery  
17:37
floral dresses are called tea dresses in british  english or sundresses in american english but  
17:42
there's a lot of crossover we have fit and flare  dresses which are tight at the top and then go out  
17:47
for the skirt wrap dresses which are wrapped  around you and tied with a bow maxi dresses they  
17:53
go all the way down to the floor ball gowns  these are very formal dresses usually worn  
17:59
for evening events peplum dresses they were  a big fashion weren't they they are normally  
18:05
tight but have a bit at the waist that flares out  bodycon dresses and pencil dresses are usually  
18:12
very figure-hugging and tight let's move on to  shoes we normally talk about our flats or our  
18:18
heels so obviously flat shoes have no heels  and heels elevate your heel off the ground  
18:24
ballet flats are of course inspired by ballet  dancers kitten heels have a tiny little thin  
18:31
heel tall version of that is called  stiletto heels that's with a really  
18:35
thin pointy heel that is really difficult to  walk on platform heels have a thick platform  
18:43
under the toes wedges have no individual heel it's  just all one block at the bottom and we also have  
18:50
court shoes and pumps which are sort of lower  heels when we talk about flatter shoes we have  
18:55
trainers in the uk or sneakers in american  english again there's lots of crossover now  
19:01
boots these cover your entire foot sandals these  are strappy shoes that you wear in summer and  
19:07
flip-flops these are also known as thongs  these are very minimal rubber shoes that  
19:12
you can wear in the summer and normally at the  beach we have loafers we also have boat shoes  
19:18
chelsea boots and brogues finally let's touch on  accessories of course we'd be nothing without our  
19:27
sunglasses we can also call them sunnies for short  or shades we also wear watches scarves gloves  
19:36
a handbag handbags or just bags in general i have  heard people refer to mail handbags as man bags  
19:44
i'm not sure if that's really a thing why would  they not just call it a bag we can also carry  
19:48
an umbrella and one important thing to note is  neckwear especially in menswear we can have a tie  
19:55
or a cravat that's a different that's like sort  of a silk scarf that you wear in place of a tie if  
20:01
you want a bow it's a bow tie we also have loads  and loads and loads of different types of hats  
20:07
a hat with a peek is called a cap you can have  a visor which just goes around here there's  
20:14
nothing at the top a beret is french inspired  of course a panama hat very nice for holidays  
20:22
we also have fedoras i know there are very mixed  views on fedoras in the internet community top  
20:28
hats which are very tall my fiance wears a top  hat once a year at the races and i can never  
20:34
take him seriously when he's wearing it it looks  too ridiculous because he's already six foot six  
20:38
which is nearly two meters it's 198. um and so  to have a top hat on as well it's just too much  
20:44
when we go to weddings sometimes especially women  will wear a little decoration it's not quite a hat  
20:50
but it's an accessory on their head we call this  a fascinator because it just fascinates everyone  
20:56
we also have a beanie hat or a woolly hat which  is knitted and if it has a pom-pom on it we call  
21:02
it a bobble hat so cute right that is it for  today's lesson i hope you learned something  
21:08
i have thrown a lot of vocabulary at you if  you'd like to improve your listening skills  
21:12
and your vocabulary skills even further then you  can try looking at my vlogging channel where i  
21:18
vlog my life here in the english countryside  every vlog is fully subtitled so you can use  
21:23
it as a language learning tool that is lucy  bella on youtube don't forget to connect with  
21:29
me on my social media i've got my instagram lucy  and my website englishwithlucy.co.uk where i have  
21:36
a handmade pronunciation tool where you can  click on any phoneme and hear me pronounce it  
21:43
e no air it's a lot of fun and i had a lot of fun  making it i will see you soon for another lesson
22:14
you
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