The MOST Confusing English Mistake - Did you say CAN, CAN'T or ???? (+ Free PDF & Quiz)

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2021-07-21・ 21709

English with Lucy channel


This is one of the most confusing mistakes! This pronunciation and listen lesson (with quiz!) teaches the differences so you can AVOID future embarrassment! Free PDF: https://bit.ly/CanCantPDF Lingoda Offer: https://bit.ly/Summer_LucyxLingoda (Use code LUCYSUMMER for 30% off 1st month! - only the 1st 50 students get this!) - AD Thanks to Lingoda for Sponsoring this video! Chapters: 0:00 Introduction 0:37 Lingoda Offer - Ad 2:32 Can vs Can't - British English 06:09 Can vs Can't - American English 7:28 Confusing Numbers - TY vs TEEN DO YOU WANT TO RECEIVE EMAILS FROM LUCY? Sign up here: https://bit.ly/EmailsFromLucy Don't forget to turn on subtitles if you need them! This is how I generate my subtitles (you can get a $10 subtitle coupon too): https://www.rev.com/blog/coupon/?ref=lucy (affiliate) Visit my website for free PDFs and an interactive pronunciation tool! https://englishwithlucy.co.uk​ MY SOCIAL MEDIA: Personal Channel: http://bit.ly/LucyBella​​​ (I post subtitled vlogs of my life in the English countryside! Perfect for listening practice!) Instagram: @Lucy http://bit.ly/lucyinsta​​​​​​​​​​ My British English Pronunciation Course is now LIVE: https://englishwithlucy.co.uk/pronunciationcourse (use code YOUTUBE10 for a 10% discount!) Do you want to improve your pronunciation? I have launched my British English (Modern RP) pronunciation course! I’ll train you to read phonetic transcriptions, and produce each sound that comprises modern received pronunciation. I’ll also teach you how to implement the correct use of intonation, stress, rhythm, connected speech, and much more. We’ll compare similar sounds, and look at tricky topics like the glottal stop and the dark L. Technically, I need to mark this as an AD even though it is my own company so - AD :) Want to get a copy of my English Vocabulary Planners? Click here: https://shop.englishwithlucy.co.uk - The best offer is the 4-book bundle where you get 4 planners for the price of 3. This product is very limited - don't miss out. The English Plan will be shipped from early August, from me here in England to you across the world! We ship internationally! Watch my explainer video here: https://bit.ly/TheEnglishPlanVideo Practice speaking: Earn $10 free italki credit: https://go.italki.com/englishwithlucy... (ad affiliate) Improve listening! Free Audible audiobook: https://goo.gl/LshaPp If you like my lessons, and would like to support me, you can buy me a coffee here: https://ko-fi.com/englishwithlucy FREE £26 Airbnb credit: https://www.airbnb.co.uk/c/lcondesa (ad - affiliate) Email for business enquiries ONLY: [email protected] Edited by La Ferpection: https://www.laferpection.com/​​

Instruction

Double-click on the English captions to play the video from there.

00:02
(bright soft music)
00:10
- Hello everyone and welcome back to "English with Lucy",
00:13
today, we are going to be looking at
00:15
some really confusing words.
00:18
Words that are pronounced in very similar ways,
00:21
words that if you mispronounce them,
00:24
you could say one of the worst swear words or curse words
00:29
in the English language.
00:31
There's a lot to talk about today, but don't worry,
00:33
I'm here to help you.
00:34
Before we get started,
00:35
I would like to thank the sponsor of today's video,
00:38
it is Lingoda, Europe's number one trusted language school
00:41
with their language marathon.
00:44
You can take the marathon in English, Business English,
00:47
French, German and Spanish,
00:49
and gain up to 400 euros in cash back
00:54
when you attend at least 90% of your lessons.
00:57
There are three different marathons to choose from,
01:01
the quarter marathon, the half marathon
01:03
and the full marathon,
01:05
three months, six months and 12 months respectively.
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The personal cash back prize
01:11
just adds that extra push of motivation
01:14
to keep you attending your lessons.
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With the full marathon, the 12 month marathon,
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you can progress up to four language levels.
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I'm really happy to share this opportunity with you
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because I have first hand experience of how effective
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they've transformed many of my students' lives.
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They love Lingoda because they can interact in small groups
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with amazing qualified teachers.
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I actually secretly joined one of Lingoda's
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01:44
to see how everyone was getting on
01:45
and I was blown away by the amount of students celebrating
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and their cashback refunds as well.
01:53
So, don't sweat about your language skills this summer,
01:57
take the Lingoda language marathon
01:58
and transform your fluency in just three, six or 12 months.
02:03
One more thing,
02:04
the first 50 of my students and it is limited to 50,
02:08
to sign up with my code, LucySummer,
02:11
will get a 30% extra discount on their first paid month.
02:16
Hurry up and click on the link down below
02:18
and use the code LucySummer to claim that offer.
02:22
Remember there is also the option to take
02:24
the seven day free trial
02:25
and gain three classes completely for free.
02:29
Let's get started with those confusing words.
02:32
Remember, as always, I have created a free PDF
02:35
that goes along with this lesson,
02:36
if you want to get that,
02:37
just click on the link in the description box,
02:39
enter your name and your email address
02:41
and then you sign up for our mailing list,
02:43
you get all my offers plus free PDFs every week.
02:47
Firstly, let's look at can,
02:50
and can't.
02:53
Now, these can be really confusing words,
02:55
not only in the British pronunciation,
02:58
the various forms of British pronunciation,
03:01
but in American English, it gets even more complicated,
03:05
so, we're going to talk about all of that today.
03:07
Firstly, let's talk about strong and weak forms.
03:11
So, with the word, can, we have can with the a sound,
03:16
but we also have cen with the Schwa sound
03:20
and this is a weak form.
03:21
Weak forms are syllable sounds that become
03:24
unstressed in connected speech
03:26
and they're often pronounced as the schwa, a, a.
03:31
Can, a,
03:32
cen, e.
03:34
Take a look at this sentence.
03:36
When I'm speaking naturally, I would say,
03:38
I can do what I can.
03:40
So, the first can is a weak form, cen,
03:45
and the last one, it's an important word so, it's can.
03:50
The first can is in its weak form
03:52
and the second one is stressed, so, it's in its strong form.
03:55
Cen, can, I can do what I can.
03:58
This works for other words as well, like do,
04:01
what do you want to do?
04:03
What do you want to do?
04:04
The first is unstressed the second is stressed.
04:07
Now, let's take a look at can versus can't
04:11
with RP pronunciation, my pronunciation.
04:14
A, can
04:16
a, can't.
04:19
A, is a really short and wide sound, a, a,
04:25
with can't, we have a different mouth shape
04:28
and it's a lot longer.
04:30
Aw,
04:31
Ah, aw, ah, (chuckles),
04:36
do I look silly?
04:37
Good, because that's how I meant to look
04:39
when I'm teaching pronunciation.
04:40
Can, can't, ah, aw.
04:44
Now, let's talk about a swear word,
04:47
I don't normally talk about swear words on my channel,
04:50
in American English, they refer to them as curse words, but
04:54
there is a vowel sound,
04:56
it is very similar to the aw sound,
04:59
if you use that in can't,
05:02
it makes a really bad word.
05:04
The vowel sound is, ah, ah,
05:08
so, we've got ah can't
05:12
and ah...
05:14
I'm not going to say it on this channel,
05:15
it's a really vulgar word,
05:16
but if you would like to search it and hear it for yourself,
05:19
then just replace the a and can't with a U
05:23
and I'm sure some robot dictionary will
05:26
tell you exactly what it sounds like.
05:28
Just be really mindful.
05:30
A, it's short and that's the bad version,
05:34
ah can't, that's longer and that's the fine version.
05:38
Now, something to notice with the pronunciation of can't
05:41
is that sometimes we don't release that final T,
05:44
instead of saying can't, we might say can.
05:48
I can't do it not, I can't do it.
05:52
I can do it, I can do it.
05:55
I can do it, I can't do it,
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I can do it, I can't do it.
06:00
So, you can't always rely on hearing that T
06:03
to know if somebody is saying can or can't.
06:07
Now, this is where it gets complicated
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because in American English,
06:12
they use a very similar vowel sound for can and can't
06:17
and they also avoid releasing that T at the end.
06:22
So, can in American English
06:24
and you must excuse my terrible accent,
06:26
is cen, cen,
06:29
but can't in American English is can't, can't.
06:36
Now, if they don't release that T,
06:39
then they sound very similar.
06:40
Cen, cen, cen, cen,
06:45
okay, brace yourself for this accent,
06:47
I can try, I can't try (laughs).
06:51
Now, I spoke to a couple of my friends from the U.S
06:54
and they assured me that they can hear the difference
06:57
because when they say can't, can't,
07:00
they make the vowel sound much more abrupt.
07:03
Can,
07:05
can't,
07:06
can,
07:08
can't (laughs).
07:09
So, I hope you now feel confident in pronouncing
07:12
can and can't
07:14
and avoid pronouncing that bad word,
07:16
unless you want to pronounce it, which is fine by me,
07:20
just not on my channel,
07:21
and I hope you now have a better idea
07:23
about the differences between
07:24
can and can't in American English.
07:27
Now, let's talk about some more pairs of words
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that's even I find tricky and I really have to clarify
07:34
exactly what I'm saying,
07:35
especially when I'm talking on the phone.
07:37
This is the difference between teen and ty.
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Fourteen, forty.
07:44
If I say I want 14 coffees, please,
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they might say, is that 14 or 40?
07:51
So, don't worry if you mix them up,
07:52
native speakers get confused with it all the time.
07:55
It's actually very,
07:57
it's very annoying that those words are so similar,
08:00
but in general speech, there are differences between them.
08:04
Take a look at the phonetic transcriptions
08:06
of these two words, let's go on to 16 and 60.
08:10
We have sixteen
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and sixty.
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You can see that in the teens,
08:15
the stress is on the second syllable, but for the tys,
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the stress is on the first syllable.
08:23
Sixteen, sixty,
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fourteen, forty,
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fifteen, fifty,
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seventeen, seventy,
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eighteen, eighty,
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nineteen, ninety,
08:40
twenteen, twenty, just joking with that last one,
08:45
I hope you didn't write that down, if so,
08:49
rub it out.
08:50
So, if you want to be really clear,
08:52
especially when speaking over the phone
08:55
when you can't lip read or really hear too well,
08:58
make sure you really over accentuate
09:01
the stress of the word you're trying to use.
09:03
I said 60,
09:05
not 16 (laughs).
09:08
I'm going to do really quick quiz for you right now,
09:11
just to make sure you understand the differences,
09:13
write your answers in the comment section down below
09:16
and then I'll start correcting the first ones I see,
09:19
you've got to tell me whether I'm saying teen or ty, okay,
09:22
number one,
09:24
60 people came to the game last night,
09:27
I got my dog when I was 17,
09:31
I've been with my husband for 17 years,
09:36
and the last one, I'm only having 18 people at the wedding.
09:41
I'm only having 80 people at the wedding.
09:46
Right, that is it for today's lesson, I hope you enjoyed it
09:49
and I hope you learned something,
09:51
I hope I clarified some of your doubts.
09:53
Don't forget to check out Lingoda
09:55
with their language marathon,
09:57
all the information is in the description box
09:59
and remember that the first 50 of my students
10:02
to click on the link in the description box
10:03
and use my code LucySummer,
10:05
will get a further 30% of their first paid month.
10:09
Don't forget to download the PDF for today's lesson,
10:12
just click on the link in the description box,
10:14
enter your name and your email address,
10:16
you then sign up to my meeting list,
10:18
I'll send the PDF directly to your inbox
10:20
and then every week after that,
10:21
you'll get all of my free PDFs
10:23
plus all of my news updates and offers.
10:26
Don't forget to connect with me on social media,
10:28
I've got my Instagram @Lucy and my website,
10:30
Englishwithlucy.co.uk,
10:33
where I've got a really cool pronunciation tool,
10:35
you can test out pressing all of the phonemes and hearing me
10:38
say those phonemes and say words containing those phonemes,
10:41
it's great fun.
10:44
E.
10:45
No.
10:46
Air.
10:47
And I've also got my vlogging channel
10:49
if you want to practise your vocabulary
10:50
and improve your listening skills,
10:52
all of my vlogs are fully subtitled
10:54
and they document my life here in the English countryside.
10:57
I will see you soon for another lesson (kissing).
11:00
There's a lot to talk about today.
11:03
With the full marathon, the one year marathon (mumbles).
11:06
Schwa sound and this is a weak form.
11:08
(tummy grumbling)
11:09
Sorry, that was my tummy (laughs).
11:13
Phoneme.
11:14
(bright soft music)
11:32
(bright upbeat music)
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