50 Advanced Adjectives to Describe Personality | Positive & Negative Vocabulary (+ Free PDF & Quiz)

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2021-05-12・ 43419

English with Lucy channel


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Instruction

Double-click on the English captions to play the video from there.

00:02
(upbeat music)
00:10
- Hello, everyone, and welcome back to English with Lucy.
00:13
Today, I have a vocabulary lesson for you.
00:17
In today's lesson, we are going to discuss 50, yes, 50.
00:22
But don't worry, it won't be too much,
00:24
50 advanced adjectives
00:27
that you can use to describe personality.
00:30
These words are more advanced
00:33
so you can give really accurate descriptions of people.
00:36
In this video we will also focus on pronunciation.
00:39
I have included the phonetic transcription for each word
00:43
plus their meaning and a little chat
00:45
about where they can be used.
00:47
I have also created a free PDF
00:50
that goes along with this lesson.
00:51
It contains all of the words that we discussed
00:54
along with their pronunciation and their meaning.
00:57
And I have included a little quiz at the end
01:00
so that you can test your understanding.
01:03
If you'd like to download that PDF,
01:04
just click on the link in the description box.
01:06
You enter your name and your email address
01:09
and I send the PDF directly to your inbox.
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By doing this, you sign up to my mailing list,
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meaning that every week, as soon as the PDF is available,
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I'll send it straight to you.
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You don't need to sign up every time.
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Before we get started,
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and your 30% discount.
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But hurry, this offer ends on my birthday, the 10th of June.
02:43
So do it before my birthday. (laughs)
02:46
Right, let's get started with the vocabulary lesson.
02:49
So I have got 25 positive personality adjectives
02:55
and 25 negative personality adjectives.
02:57
Which ones do you think we should start with?
03:00
I think I'm going to start with positive
03:02
so we can raise everyone's mood
03:05
and then bring you back down again.
03:07
Just how I like it.
03:08
Number one is adaptable, adaptable.
03:12
If somebody is an adaptable person,
03:15
it means they are someone who is able to change
03:17
to successfully deal with new situations,
03:20
especially difficult ones.
03:21
You could say she's a great social worker
03:24
because she's so adaptable.
03:25
She's such an adaptable person.
03:28
We also have number two, which is affable, affable.
03:32
This could be used to describe somebody
03:33
who is pleasant, polite, and easy to talk to.
03:37
It's a very positive word.
03:39
He was incredibly affable with me when I forgot my ticket.
03:43
Number three: ambitious, ambitious.
03:47
This is usually positive, but sometimes depending on tone,
03:51
it can be slightly negative as well.
03:53
It describes somebody who is determined
03:55
to be rich, powerful, and successful.
03:59
He's very ambitious and I think he'll do very well in life.
04:03
Number four, this is a lovely one: amicable, amicable.
04:07
This is a way of saying that somebody is polite and friendly
04:10
and can manage situations without arguments.
04:13
He seemed very amicable on the telephone,
04:16
so I was shocked at his rude email.
04:19
Number five is bright, bright.
04:23
And a lot of learners of English misunderstand this word
04:25
because it also means shining, you know, a source of light.
04:29
When we're using it to describe people,
04:32
it usually means intelligent or clever.
04:36
You're a bright girl, I know you'll pass the exam.
04:39
You're an intelligent or clever girl.
04:41
Number six is broad-minded, broad-minded.
04:45
I mentioned a couple of videos back narrow-minded,
04:49
this is the opposite.
04:50
Narrow-minded, broad-minded.
04:53
It means that you are willing to understand
04:54
and listen to other people's opinions
04:57
even if they're different from your own.
04:59
Luckily, our boss is quite broad-minded,
05:01
so I'm sure he won't mind you wearing that today.
05:05
I wonder what that person was wearing
05:07
for a boss to have to be broad-minded.
05:10
We also have number seven: conscientious, conscientious.
05:15
This can be used to describe people who take care
05:17
to do things carefully and correctly.
05:20
His conscientious manner makes him a fantastic engineer.
05:26
Number eight: convivial, convivial.
05:29
This simply means cheerful and friendly.
05:32
She was a convivial party host
05:34
who made everyone feel welcomed.
05:37
We also have number nine: courteous, courteous.
05:42
I really like that word, courteous.
05:44
This means polite and respectful.
05:47
If somebody is courteous,
05:49
they are a respectful and polite person.
05:52
I can't believe how courteous
05:54
the school children were today.
05:56
I remember it was such an honour
05:58
to be called courteous at school.
06:00
Number 10 is decisive, decisive.
06:04
And like many of these,
06:05
it does depend on context and tone of voice.
06:08
This is used to describe somebody who is able
06:10
to decide quickly and with confidence.
06:13
She's quite decisive,
06:14
so I don't think she'll change her mind.
06:17
Number 11 is determined, determined.
06:21
Very similar to ambitious in a way,
06:23
but in particular, this is used to describe people
06:26
who are able to continue trying to do something
06:29
even if it's difficult.
06:30
Her determined nature made her the perfect Olympian.
06:35
Number 12: diplomatic, diplomatic.
06:39
If I can think of anyone who's diplomatic, it is my father,
06:42
the most diplomatic man on earth, I think.
06:45
It means that he's able to deal
06:47
with people in difficult situations.
06:49
If some people are having an argument
06:51
in front of him, he can say,
06:53
now, now, everyone, let's sit down, talk it out.
06:56
Let's find an arrangement that's mutually beneficial.
07:00
With my dad, it's all about compromise.
07:02
My dad's diplomatic nature made him a great boss.
07:08
Number 13, this one is used to describe my husband-to-be,
07:13
easy-going, (laughs) easy-going,
07:17
also laid-back might be another alternative.
07:20
This is used to describe people who are relaxed
07:23
and happy to accept things
07:24
without worrying or stressing or getting angry.
07:28
That's my fiance in a nutshell.
07:30
We often say he's so laid-back
07:32
that he's actually horizontal.
07:35
I don't think I've ever seen him get really stressed.
07:38
An example, he's an easy-going guy with a carefree attitude.
07:43
Number 14 is exuberant, exuberant.
07:46
This means full of energy, happiness, and excitement.
07:50
And do you know what? Today I think that describes me.
07:52
I do feel particularly full
07:54
of energy, happiness, and excitement.
07:57
An example: her exuberant nature exhausted me.
08:02
Number 15, this is my mum's favourite word,
08:05
not favourite, but she uses it a lot: frank, frank.
08:11
It's sometimes positive and sometimes negative,
08:14
it's actually quite neutral.
08:15
If somebody is frank, it means they are honest and direct,
08:19
especially in what they say.
08:21
So they say things without worrying too much
08:23
about if it will offend people.
08:25
If anyone is ever rude to my mum,
08:28
she will then describe them to me as frank.
08:31
She's quite frank.
08:34
He was very frank with me,
08:36
which means he was bloody rude to me.
08:38
She's very frank, but she gets results.
08:41
That's a good sentence.
08:42
Number 16 is gregarious, gregarious.
08:46
This simply means sociable.
08:49
I think you'll get on well as you're both so gregarious.
08:52
Number 17: intuitive, intuitive.
08:57
This means you're able to understand something or someone
09:00
by using feelings rather than using facts
09:04
or understanding the facts.
09:05
She's a great teacher because she's so intuitive.
09:09
She understands what her students need
09:11
without having to ask them.
09:14
Number 18 is inventive, inventive.
09:17
This means imaginative or creative,
09:21
able to think of new ideas, new ways of doing things.
09:24
I'm sure he'll find a use for your broken television.
09:27
He's incredibly inventive.
09:29
Number 19 is modest, modest.
09:32
This is used to describe somebody
09:34
who doesn't talk about how great they are.
09:36
They don't boast or talk
09:37
about their abilities or their possessions.
09:40
If somebody understates something, if somebody says,
09:43
oh, my English, isn't that good,
09:45
but their English is very good,
09:46
you can say, I think you're being a bit modest there.
09:49
We also use it sarcastically.
09:51
If somebody does show off, we go,
09:52
oh, modest, you're very modest. (laughs)
09:57
Number 20 is pioneering, pioneering.
10:01
This is used to describe early adopters,
10:03
people who start to do something first
10:07
and then others follow.
10:09
An example: she had an affair
10:11
with a pioneering cryptocurrency investor.
10:15
Number 21 is placid, placid.
10:19
And this is positive leaning towards neutral.
10:22
It could also be used to describe somebody a bit boring,
10:25
but it means not easily excited, very calm.
10:29
Don't worry about her dog, he's very placid.
10:31
He won't jump up.
10:33
Number 22 is proactive, proactive.
10:37
This is used to describe somebody who makes things happen.
10:40
They don't wait for things to happen,
10:41
they make things happen.
10:43
She's very proactive when it comes to her work life,
10:46
but her personal life is very different.
10:49
Me.
10:50
23 is quick-witted, quick-witted.
10:53
And this means very intelligent, very able to think quickly
10:57
or very quick to respond with funny or witty comments.
11:01
I wouldn't heckle the comedian, he is very quick-witted.
11:05
To heckle is to shout something at a comedian
11:08
or a performer from the audience,
11:10
usually in order to get a reaction.
11:12
Number 24 is resourceful, resourceful.
11:17
If somebody is resourceful, they are good at finding ways
11:20
of doing things or solving problems.
11:22
We didn't have much money growing up,
11:23
but our mother was very resourceful.
11:26
And number 25, the last positive adjective
11:30
is versatile, versatile.
11:34
This means able to do many things.
11:36
My personal assistant is incredibly versatile.
11:40
She's able to do all sorts of things.
11:42
Unfortunately, all good things come to an end
11:45
and now we've got to talk about the negative adjectives,
11:48
but they are quite fun.
11:49
They're good for talking about people.
11:51
Number one is aloof, aloof.
11:56
I could have described my old dog as aloof.
11:59
It means not friendly, not interested in other people.
12:02
We had a sausage dog, a dachshund,
12:05
and she came to you on her own terms.
12:07
She was not friendly, she was aloof.
12:11
Number two is belligerent, belligerent.
12:14
What a wonderful word to say.
12:17
This means unfriendly and aggressive.
12:20
His belligerent attitude drove me up the wall.
12:25
Number three is big-headed, big-headed.
12:29
This means arrogant, overconfident,
12:33
you think a lot of yourself.
12:35
He's very handsome, but he's also very big-headed,
12:38
and that puts me off.
12:40
Number four is callous, callous.
12:45
If you're callous, it means you don't care
12:47
about other people's feelings, pain, or problems.
12:51
The headmaster was incredibly callous
12:53
and disregarded the feelings of the students.
12:57
Number five, prepare yourself, this is such a fun word,
13:01
cantankerous, cantankerous, cantankerous.
13:05
What a great word.
13:07
It means often angry or often complaining.
13:11
I'm so sick of her, she is so cantankerous,
13:14
she's never pleased.
13:17
Number six, this is a really useful one: clingy, clingy.
13:21
This is used to describe somebody
13:23
who is needing someone else too much.
13:26
It could be used to describe a partner, a romantic partner,
13:30
or a child to their parent.
13:32
Stop being so clingy, I need some time alone.
13:35
They don't want to let you go,
13:36
they're clinging on like a baby monkey.
13:39
Number seven is cynical, cynical.
13:43
This can be used to describe people who are very negative,
13:46
they don't believe that the good will happen.
13:48
Why do you always have to be so cynical? Lighten up a bit.
13:52
Number eight is detached, detached.
13:56
And this describes people who show a lack of feeling.
13:59
If somebody says detached from reality,
14:02
it can mean that they're very privileged
14:05
and they don't understand reality.
14:07
They don't understand how the majority of people live.
14:10
He's very detached, I wonder if something's on his mind.
14:13
Number nine is dogmatic, dogmatic.
14:17
This is used to describe people who believe
14:19
that their opinions and their beliefs
14:22
are the only correct way of thinking.
14:25
They think that everyone else should accept
14:27
what they think and what they see to be right
14:30
and they won't accept the opinions and thoughts of others.
14:32
The politician was the most dogmatic person I've ever met.
14:37
Number 10: fussy, fussy.
14:41
This means hard to please or too concerned
14:44
about having things exactly as you want them.
14:47
It's often used to describe people who are picky about food.
14:51
If somebody is a fussy eater, they're a picky eater.
14:54
They don't like lots of different types of foods.
14:56
My new client is so fussy, I just can't seem to please him.
15:01
Number 11, I love this one: gullible, gullible.
15:06
This describes people who are too willing
15:09
to believe what people tell them,
15:11
so they're easily tricked.
15:13
In my old flat, I had the word gullible
15:16
written on the ceiling and I'd always tell people,
15:18
there's gullible written on the ceiling.
15:20
And they would think I was trying to trick them
15:22
and they would never look.
15:24
But there was actually gullible written on the ceiling.
15:28
I didn't actually have that many opportunities
15:30
to try that out on people.
15:31
No one ever came to my house.
15:33
Number 12 is impulsive, impulsive.
15:36
You can use this to describe people
15:38
who act quickly without thinking things through.
15:41
They act on impulse.
15:43
He's too impulsive, he just bought a Lamborghini on finance.
15:48
Number 13 is, is it?
15:51
I don't know if it is. It might be.
15:53
It's indecisive. (laughs)
15:57
Okay, if you are indecisive,
15:59
then it means you are not able to make decisions quickly
16:02
and effectively as I just demonstrated.
16:05
I'm very indecisive when it comes to picking outfits,
16:08
I can never decide what I want to wear.
16:10
Number 14 is materialistic, materialistic.
16:15
This describes people who have possessions
16:19
and money as their top priority.
16:21
They care about possessions
16:22
and material things more than anything else.
16:26
An example: Barbie is incredibly materialistic,
16:30
all she cares about is fashion.
16:33
Poor Barbie, there's a lot more to Barbie than that.
16:34
And number 15 is narrow-minded, narrow-minded.
16:38
I know I mentioned broad-minded before,
16:40
this is the opposite.
16:42
It means you're not willing to listen
16:43
to the opinions of others or the ideas or beliefs of others.
16:47
The misogynist was incredibly narrow-minded.
16:50
Number 16, fun word alert: obnoxious, obnoxious.
16:56
Oh, obnoxious.
16:58
This means extremely unpleasant
17:01
in a way that offends people.
17:03
He is the most obnoxious person I have ever met in my life.
17:08
Number 17 is obstinate, obstinate.
17:12
This is often used to describe children.
17:15
It means very stubborn.
17:16
It means that you refuse
17:18
to change your behaviour or your opinions.
17:20
She's very cute, but she's also very obstinate.
17:24
18, shall I tell you what 18 is? Do you need to know?
17:29
It's patronising, patronising.
17:33
If you're patronising,
17:34
it means you think you're more intelligent than people
17:37
and you make them feel that way too.
17:40
You talk to them as if they're less than you.
17:43
If somebody treats you as if you're stupid,
17:45
you can say stop being so patronising,
17:49
I'm not a child, I'm not stupid.
17:52
Number 19 is possessive, possessive.
17:56
And this actually has two meanings
17:57
that I'd like to discuss with you.
17:59
If somebody is possessive about someone,
18:02
it means they demand all of their attention and love.
18:04
They don't want to share them with anyone.
18:06
It's very negative if somebody has a possessive partner.
18:10
People can also be possessive about things.
18:13
It can mean that they don't like
18:14
to lend things or share things.
18:17
So we could have: she had a hard time breaking up
18:19
with her possessive boyfriend.
18:22
Or don't expect to be allowed to drive his car,
18:25
he's incredibly possessive.
18:27
Number 20 is resentful, resentful.
18:31
This means that you hold grudges.
18:33
If somebody has treated you badly in the past,
18:36
you feel bitter about it forever.
18:39
Her difficult past has made her very resentful.
18:43
Number 21 is self-centered, self-centered.
18:47
This means you put yourself first,
18:49
you don't think about the needs of others.
18:51
Stop being so self-centered
18:53
and think about what's right for the children.
18:56
Number 22 is stingy, stingy. Okay?
19:00
Focus on that pronunciation, it's got that /dʒ/.
19:02
It's not stingy.
19:04
Something could be stingy if it stings you a lot.
19:06
Stingy means you are tight with money.
19:09
You're not generous at all when it comes to money.
19:12
I hate going out for drinks with her
19:14
because she's so stingy, I always end up paying.
19:17
23 is tactless, tactless.
19:22
This is a hard one to pronounce 'cause it's ta-kuh-tuh-less.
19:27
So we've got kuh-tuh-ul all altogether, tactless.
19:31
If you don't have much tact, then you are tactless.
19:34
This means that you're likely to say or do things
19:36
that will probably annoy or upset other people.
19:39
You were so tactless when you commented on her weight.
19:42
24 is a great one, it's quite casual, it's touchy, touchy.
19:47
If somebody is touchy, they are easily upset or offended.
19:51
We often say, ooh, he's a bit touchy.
19:53
Ooh, touchy.
19:54
Don't upset her, she's very touchy.
19:57
And the last one, number 25 is vain. (laughs)
20:05
This means conceited.
20:06
It means you're obsessed with your appearance
20:08
or your own achievements or just yourself in general.
20:12
♪ You're so vain, you probably think ♪
20:16
♪ This class is about you because you're so vain ♪
20:22
Yeah, that can be the example.
20:23
You're so vain you probably think this class is about you.
20:27
Right, that is it for today's lesson.
20:29
I really hope you enjoyed it
20:31
and I hope you learned something.
20:32
I have pushed lots of vocabulary words your way.
20:36
Don't forget to download the PDF.
20:38
You can complete the quiz and test your understanding.
20:41
Just click on the link in the description box,
20:43
enter your name and your email address
20:45
and I will send it directly to your inbox.
20:47
And don't forget to check out Lingoda,
20:49
the link is in the description box
20:50
and you can use the code GET30
20:53
for your free trial and then 30% off your first month.
20:57
If you want to practise your listening
20:59
and vocabulary skills even further,
21:01
then I have my vlogging channel
21:02
with loads of fully subtitled vlogs
21:05
of my life here in the English countryside.
21:07
And you can connect with me on my social media.
21:09
I have my Instagram @Lucy,
21:11
and my website, EnglishwithLucy.co.uk
21:15
where I have a fantastic pronunciation tool.
21:17
You can click on the phonemes and hear me pronounce them.
21:21
/i:/.
21:22
/əʊ/.
21:23
/eə/.
21:24
I will see you soon for another lesson.
21:27
I'm sure he'll find a use for your broken sofa,
21:29
he's very inventive.
21:32
Well, that's not actually as funny as I thought it would be.
21:35
I'm sure he'll find a use
21:37
for your broken television antenna.
21:39
Why that? So specific.
21:42
That's so stupid that I couldn't think of anything else new.
21:45
To the negative adjectives used to describe personality.
21:51
Oh, it's gonna be so depressing.
21:52
No, sorry, I'm too excited today, too excited.
21:55
Try to reel myself in.
21:57
Why am I doing that?
21:59
Number six. No, it's not number six, sorry.
22:01
Number 14.
22:03
Oh, (beeping).
22:08
I've just replaced full batteries and they've gone.
22:12
I can't believe it.
22:13
Number 14 is...
22:16
About to choke.
22:18
Number 29, this is a hard one to pronounce
22:22
'cause we've got kuh-tuh.
22:25
Ta-kuh-tuh.
22:26
(upbeat music)
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