SAME WORDS: DIFFERENT MEANINGS! (pronunciation AND definition changes!)

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2022-05-06・ 14974

English with Lucy channel


Bark like a dog, or bark like a tree? Learn 20 English homonyms and homographs! Don't forget to download the FREE PDF & QUIZ: https://bit.ly/SameWord - there are more examples and activities! VOCABULARY COURSE SPECIAL OFFER: https://bit.ly/SpecialVocabOffer - hurry! It expires soon! Visit my website for an interactive pronunciation tool: https://englishwithlucy.co.uk​ Check out my English courses: https://englishwithlucy.teachable.com/courses Timestamps: 0:00 Introduction 0:44 FREE PDF & QUIZ 1:50 Homonyms 2:08 BARK 2:59 FINE 3:26 BAT 4:04 KIND 4:26 SPRING 5:08 MATCH 5:34 FLY 6:02 MEAN 6:30 STALK 7:08 TRAIN 7:30 Homographs 7:52 DESERT 8:33 TEAR 9:07 BOW 9:43 ROW 10:09 OVERLOOK 10:37 WIND 11:06 WOUND 11:36 RECORD 12:09 ENTRANCE 12:35 PRESENT 13:34 Social media Video edited by Polina Park 🎥 MY SOCIAL MEDIA: Personal Channel: http://bit.ly/LucyBella​​​ Instagram: http://bit.ly/lucyinsta​​​​​​​​​​ TikTok: https://bit.ly/EnglishwithLucyTikTok Email for business enquiries ONLY: [email protected] Want to get a copy of my English Vocabulary Planners? Click here: https://shop.englishwithlucy.co.uk The best offer is the 4-book bundle where you get 4 planners for the price of 3. This product is very limited - don't miss out as we are not printing any more! Watch my explainer video here: https://bit.ly/TheEnglishPlanVideo Practice speaking: Earn $10 free italki credit: https://go.italki.com/englishwithlucy (ad affiliate) Improve listening! Free Audible audiobook: https://goo.gl/LshaPp (ad affiliate) FREE £26 Airbnb credit: https://www.airbnb.co.uk/c/lcondesa (ad affiliate) If you like my lessons, and would like to support me, you can buy me a coffee here: https://ko-fi.com/englishwithlucy #Grammar #EnglishGrammar #LearnEnglish

Instruction

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00:00
- Hello, lovely students, and welcome back
00:02
to English with Lucy.
00:04
Today I've got a really interesting lesson for you.
00:07
We're going to talk about words that sound the same
00:10
but have different meanings.
00:12
And there are two categories here.
00:14
We have homonyms and homographs.
00:16
Homonyms are words that are spelt and pronounced the same
00:21
but they have different meanings like bark,
00:26
for example, and also fly.
00:28
Homographs are words that are spelt the same
00:31
but they are pronounced in a different way
00:34
and of course they have different meanings.
00:37
For example, desert and desert.
00:40
Before we get started I'd like to remind you that as always
00:43
there is a free PDF that goes with today's lesson.
00:47
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00:50
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00:54
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00:56
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01:44
all of the information's there.
01:46
Right, let's get started with the lesson.
01:48
Okay, so I mentioned we're going to be talking about
01:50
homonyms and homographs, let's start by looking at homonyms.
01:56
I'll talk about 10 really common ones.
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Remember they are spelled and pronounced in the same way
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they just have have different meanings,
02:04
same words, different meanings.
02:06
Firstly, we have bark, bark.
02:10
Bark means the hard covering of a tree.
02:13
You know, it's that layer you can normally peel off.
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For example, the oak tree has brown bark.
02:19
The second meaning of bark is the noise that a dog makes,
02:24
you know that loud noise.
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Do you want me to do it for you? (barks)
02:29
That sounded a bit more like a cat.
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You know what I mean?
02:33
A dog's bark, it can also be the verb to bark.
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The dog barked at the cat.
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The dog's bark was loud.
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It can also be used to talk about humans
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if they say something abruptly or aggressively.
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Stop barking at me, God, you're talking so aggressively.
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It can be quite insulting to insinuate that someone
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is barking at you like a dog.
02:56
Onto the next one we have number two, which is fine, fine.
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You probably know the most common meaning of this word
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which is to say you are okay.
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How are you?
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I'm fine, thanks.
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But did you know that fine also means the amount of money
03:11
that you have to pay when you break the law, a fine.
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I got a 50 pound fine for speeding.
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So we have fine as in good or okay.
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And fine as in money you pay when you break the law.
03:24
Number three is bat, bat.
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A bat is both an animal and something that we use in sport.
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As an animal a bat is a little mammal, a little bit like
03:37
a mouse but with leathery wings that flies at night.
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They're usually associated with Halloween.
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I'm scared of bats, apparently they suck blood.
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In sport a bat is usually a wooden object that we use
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to hit a ball in certain games like cricket and baseball.
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An example, we can't start playing until we find the bat.
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You know from context that we're we're talking about
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the wooden bat not the animal bat.
04:02
Next we have number four, which is kind, kind.
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As an adjective kind means nice and helpful and caring.
04:10
She is a kind person.
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As a noun kind means type, a kind of thing, a type of thing.
04:19
What kind of fuel should I use in this car?
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What type of fuel should I use in this car?
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Number five is spring, spring.
04:28
Our first meaning is the season that comes
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between winter and summer.
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The season when there are lambs everywhere,
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the flowers come up, the leaves appear on the trees.
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It's my favourite season.
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An example, in the UK spring is from March until May.
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Another meaning of spring is a place where water
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naturally comes up from the ground.
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I love drinking natural spring water.
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My dog loves playing in the local spring.
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We have a third meaning as well.
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A spring can be a metal coil like the ones that you find
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in a mattress or in a trampoline.
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An example, don't jump on the bed, you'll damage
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the springs in the mattress.
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Number six is match, match.
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A match can be a game that's played in sports
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like a cricket match, a football match, a hockey match.
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An example, are you going to watch the match on TV later?
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A match can also be a little wooden stick
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with a chemical at one end that we use to burn things.
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So we use a match to light a candle.
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An example, I need some matches to light these candles.
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When a bird, a plane, or an insect moves through the sky,
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we say that it flies.
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To fly can also mean to travel by plane.
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I'm flying to Abu Dhabi next week.
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A fly can also mean an insect with wings.
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An example, there are lots of flies on the meat.
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So we have fly as verb and fly as a noun.
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Our next one, number eight is one
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that often confuses my students.
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It is mean, mean.
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When something means something it expresses something.
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What does this word mean in English?
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However, it can also be used as an objective.
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It has a negative meaning.
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If someone is mean, it means they are cruel or unkind.
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An example, he told me I didn't look nice today.
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It was very mean.
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It was cruel and unkind of him.
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Stop being so mean, stop being so unkind.
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We have number nine which is stalk, stalk.
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I know that all sound can be quite hard for some students.
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Stalk, we don't pronounce the L there.
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One meaning is the stem, the long part of a flower,
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the long green part, the part that separates
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the roots from the head.
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I need to cut the stalks of these roses
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before I put them in a vase.
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We can also use stalk as a verb.
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If you stalk someone, it means you follow them illegally
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without being seen.
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The man will stalking her for a month
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before the police caught him.
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Finally, our last homonym, before we move on
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to the homographs, is train, train.
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A train is a railway vehicle with carriages.
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I love travelling by train.
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Train as a verb can mean to practise for something.
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to prepare yourself for by learning and working hard.
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I'm training for a marathon at the moment.
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Okay that's it for the homonyms,
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let's move on to the homographs.
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These are words that are spelt in the same way
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but they are pronounced differently
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and of course they have different meanings.
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I find these particularly interesting.
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The pronunciation differences can be quite subtle
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so I'll say them clearly as possible.
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so you can try to hear those differences.
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I'll also put the phonetic transcriptions up on the screen
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for you to see the differences too.
07:47
Firstly, we are looking at desert and desert.
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Desert and desert.
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Look at where I'm putting the focus on that word,
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dessert, distress.
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The meaning of a desert is a large area
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where not much grows.
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We typically think of it as a sandy area
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although it can be snowy.
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It's just a place where there isn't much life.
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I'd love to visit the Sahara Desert one day.
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To desert can also be used as a verb.
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The syllable stress changes.
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Desert as a noun, desert as a verb.
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To desert means to leave someone
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often in a difficult situation.
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She deserted her husband,
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she left him in a difficult situation.
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Next we have tear and tear, tear and tear.
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I know both of these vowel sounds are really hard
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for some of you.
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Air, ear, air, ear.
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To tear means to pull something apart
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so that it separates into pieces.
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Don't tear that piece of paper, it's important.
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A tear on the other hand is a drop of water or liquid
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that comes from your eye when you cry, tear.
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He had tears in his eye when he spoke about his cat.
09:02
For number three we have bow and bow, bow and bow, ow, oh.
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To bow means to bend forward from the hips
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to show respect to someone.
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It's common to bow to people in Japan.
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A bow is a weapon made of curved wood
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and you shoot arrows with it.
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A bow is also a ribbon that you wear in your hair
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or on your neck, a bow tie.
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An example, people used to fight with bow and arrows
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or I wore a bow in my hair to the wedding.
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Next we have number four, row and row, row and row.
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A row is an argument.
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It often involves shouting.
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I had a row with my husband about the washing up
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so we bought a dishwasher.
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A row, O, is a line of things next to each other.
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I sat in the front row so I could see the screen better.
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Next, we have two words that do sound very similar.
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Let's see if you can hear the difference.
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Overlook and overlook, overlook, overlook.
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The syllable stress changes.
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If you overlook something it means that you miss
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an important detail.
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You overlooked a very important factor, the price.
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Another meaning is a place that gives a good view
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of something from above, an overlook.
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We stopped at an overlook for a great view
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of the Grand Canyon.
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For number six, we have wind and wind, wind, and wind.
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Wind is the type of weather that blows at you when air
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blows at you and you can feel it.
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The wind was really strong today.
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The second word, the verb to wind is a verb
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meaning to turn something.
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I have an old fashioned watch that I need to wind
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every morning, I need to turn the knob on it.
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I need to wind it up.
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Continuing on from wind we have number seven,
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wound and wound, wound and wound, ow, oo,
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ow, oo, wound, wound.
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Wound is the past tense of the verb wind.
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I wound the wool up into a ball.
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Wound is an injury or to injure.
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It's usually an injury that you get
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from violence or from war.
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He wounded his leg in the war.
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He had a terrible wound on his leg.
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Next we have record and record, record, record.
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This is part of a noun-verb pair.
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As a verb to record means to make an electronic copy
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of images or sounds.
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My favourite band just recorded a new song.
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As a noun, the stress changes, a record,
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change to the first syllable.
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It means information that is kept about something
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or a piece of music that has been recorded.
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We made a record of all the day's events.
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For number nine we have entrance and entrance,
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entrance and entrance.
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The first meaning, entrance, is the place where
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you enter somewhere like a gate or a door.
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The entrance is around the side.
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To entrance, if something entrances you, it means
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it's so beautiful or interesting that you give it
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all of your attention.
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Her singing completely entranced me.
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Finally, the last pair we have present and present.
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Present and present, it's that changed
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syllable stress again.
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The noun present means a gift,
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something that you give to someone.
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Thank you for my birthday present.
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The verb, to present, means to give something
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in a formal way.
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It could be an item like an award, it could be a speech.
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They presented him with a certificate.
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Present, present.
12:58
Right, that is it for today's lesson.
13:00
I hope you enjoyed it and I hope you learnt something.
13:03
Don't forget to download the free PDF that goes
13:06
with this video, it's got everything you've learnt today,
13:08
with all the transcriptions and examples,
13:10
plus some extra exercises so you can put
13:12
what you've learned into practise.
13:14
Also remember that we are running our special promotion
13:17
on the ultimate vocabulary course, you will learn
13:20
over 600 idioms, collocations and phrasal verbs,
13:24
it really is the most fantastic course.
13:26
The feedback has been absolutely amazing.
13:28
If you want to get that special price
13:30
just click on the link in the description box.
13:32
Don't forget to connect with me on all of my social media.
13:34
I've got my Instagram at English With Lucy
13:37
and my personal Instagram at Lucy.
13:39
I've got my website EnglishwithLucy.co.UK
13:42
where I've got a fantastic interactive pronunciation tool.
13:45
You can click on the phoneme and hear me pronounce
13:47
the phonemes and words that contain those phonemes.
13:50
I've also got my vlogging channel where you can follow
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our lives here in the English countryside
13:55
and all of the vlogs are fully subtitled
13:58
so you can use them for vocabulary and listening practise.
14:01
I will see you soon for another lesson.
14:04
Number three is, yes, what's number three, what am...
14:10
In certain games like cricket and baseball,
14:16
cricket and baseball (barks) unless you were participating
14:19
in bat racing or something.
14:22
God, I'm funny today aren't I, my God, what a joke.
14:26
I am going to be done, fly, we can use it as a bird,
14:30
as a bird, we can also use stalk as a vowel.
14:34
Hello, is that my dogie?
14:39
He can't get through, poor Diego.
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Finally the past per, sorry, finally,
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plus some extra extra active, ha, okay,
14:53
I'm gonna go listen to some jazz.
14:54
I'm really excited.
14:55
Do I need to do anything?
14:57
No, I think that's it, bye (laughs)
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