The Present Perfect vs The Present Perfect Continuous | ALL differences (+ Free PDF & Quiz)

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2021-04-15・ 48524

English with Lucy channel


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Instruction

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00:10
Hello everyone, and welcome back
00:12
to English with Lucy.
00:14
Today, I have got a grammar lesson for you.
00:17
We are going to be looking
00:19
at two very similar and confusing tenses.
00:23
I know that a lot
00:24
of my students struggle with these.
00:27
Take a look at these two sentences.
00:30
I have lived in England for three years.
00:33
I have been living in England for three years.
00:37
Do they mean the same thing?
00:39
Today we are looking at the present perfect,
00:43
and the present perfect continuous.
00:46
In some situations, they mean the same thing,
00:49
and in other situations,
00:50
they mean different things.
00:52
There's a lot to cover in this lesson,
00:54
but I want to let you know
00:55
that to further help your understanding
00:58
and your learning journey,
01:00
I have created a free PDF
01:02
that goes with this lesson.
01:03
It's got everything we're going to cover,
01:06
and it's got a quiz
01:07
so you can check your understanding.
01:10
If you would like to receive
01:11
this PDF and quiz for free,
01:13
all you've got to do is click
01:14
on the link in the description box.
01:16
You enter your name and your email address.
01:19
You sign up to my mailing list,
01:21
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01:22
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01:25
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01:29
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01:36
Before we get started,
01:37
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01:38
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03:43
Let's get started with the lesson.
03:45
We use the present perfect
03:47
and the present perfect continuous
03:49
for both finished and unfinished actions.
03:52
Let's take a quick look
03:53
at how we form them,
03:55
before we start comparing them.
03:57
So the present perfect is,
04:00
have has plus the past participle.
04:03
I have worked.
04:05
The negative, have and has plus not
04:10
plus the past participle, I have not worked.
04:14
And as a question, have or has,
04:16
plus the subject, plus the past participle.
04:20
Have I worked? (laughing)
04:21
Now let's take a look
04:23
at how we form the present perfect continuous.
04:26
The positive is, has or has,
04:30
plus been, plus verb ING.
04:34
I have been working.
04:36
The negative, we just put in a not.
04:40
Has or have not been verb ING.
04:44
I have not been working.
04:45
And as a question, we have has or have,
04:51
plus subject, plus been, plus verb ING.
04:54
Have I been working?
04:56
It's important to note
04:57
that we cannot use
04:58
the present perfect continuous
05:01
with stative verbs.
05:03
Stative verbs don't refer to a physical action.
05:07
They express something that is permanent.
05:09
They express a state or a condition.
05:11
To like, to love, to believe,
05:14
to know, to understand.
05:15
You can say, I've known her for years.
05:19
You cannot say, I've been knowing her for years.
05:23
You can say, I've been here for a while.
05:25
You cannot say, I've been being here for a while.
05:30
Just so that's clear.
05:31
We can use the present perfect
05:33
and the present perfect continuous
05:36
to talk about actions,
05:37
unfinished actions that started in the past,
05:40
and are still true now.
05:43
We often use them with since and for.
05:45
I have lived in England for three years.
05:49
I have been studying English since 2003.
05:54
I've been studying English since 2017.
05:58
Now, sometimes, especially with the verbs study,
06:02
live, and work,
06:04
there is no real difference in meaning
06:07
between the two.
06:08
I've lived in England for three years,
06:10
I've been living in England for three years,
06:13
they mean the same thing.
06:14
I've studied English since 2017,
06:17
I've been studying English since 2017.
06:21
Again, they mean the same thing.
06:23
She has worked here for six months.
06:26
She has been working here for six months.
06:29
Once again, they mean the same thing.
06:31
So I hope that clears up some of your doubts.
06:34
Unfortunately, sometimes there is a difference
06:38
in meaning between these two tenses,
06:40
the present perfect,
06:41
and the present perfect continuous.
06:44
I'm going to discuss four situations
06:47
where there is a difference in meaning.
06:49
Number one, the present perfect continuous
06:52
can be used to emphasise
06:55
the amount or length of time that has passed.
06:58
Whereas the present perfect is generally neutral.
07:02
It might sound complicated,
07:04
but take a look at these two sentences.
07:07
She's been working for hours.
07:10
She has worked for hours.
07:14
She's been working shows more emphasis
07:17
about the hours that have passed.
07:19
It's a very subtle difference, but it's there.
07:22
The second situation,
07:24
the present perfect is commonly used
07:26
to talk about how much
07:28
or how many, but this is impossible
07:31
with the present perfect continuous.
07:34
Let me show you.
07:35
She has eaten three pieces of toast this morning.
07:39
That sentence is perfectly fine.
07:42
Let's try it with the present perfect continuous.
07:45
She has been eating three pieces
07:47
of toast this morning.
07:49
It doesn't work.
07:50
You can't use it.
07:52
He's drunk seven cups of coffee this morning.
07:55
I hope not. (laughing)
07:57
Poor guy.
07:58
You cannot say, he has been drinking seven cups
08:01
of coffee this morning.
08:02
It has to be the present perfect
08:05
when talking about how much or how many.
08:08
Let's take a look at the third situation.
08:12
The present perfect continuous often focuses
08:16
on the action itself.
08:19
Whereas the present perfect
08:21
focuses on the completion of the action.
08:24
Again, it's much easier to see this written out,
08:27
than to listen to an explanation.
08:29
So I'll give you some examples.
08:31
Take a look at these two sentences.
08:34
I've been watching the TV series you recommended.
08:37
I've watched the TV series you recommended.
08:40
With the first one, I've been watching,
08:43
I'm showing that I am still watching it.
08:46
I haven't finished the action yet.
08:49
Whereas with the second one, I've watched,
08:51
I'm telling you that I have finished watching it.
08:56
Sometimes it's not quite as obvious.
08:58
She's been seeing a therapist.
09:01
She's seen a therapist.
09:03
With she's been seeing,
09:04
it implies that her treatment is ongoing,
09:07
she's still seeing that therapist.
09:10
She's seen a therapist means she seen one
09:13
and now she may have stopped seeing one,
09:15
or her treatment has ended.
09:18
Another thing to note
09:19
is that with the present perfect,
09:21
we can use yet and already.
09:24
I know lots of you struggle
09:25
with for, since, yet, and already.
09:27
We've discussed for and since.
09:29
Now, yet and already.
09:31
I have seen the film already,
09:33
or I've already seen the film.
09:37
You can put already at the end,
09:39
or you can put it between have or has
09:42
and the participle.
09:43
I have already seen.
09:45
A common mistake that I hear
09:47
is I have seen already the film.
09:51
We would understand you,
09:52
but it doesn't quite sound right.
09:55
And yet, this goes at the end.
09:57
Have you seen the film yet?
09:58
No, I haven't seen it yet.
10:02
You can put yet between have has
10:05
and the participle.
10:07
I haven't yet seen it.
10:09
But it sounds quite old fashioned.
10:11
I haven't yet gone, I haven't yet seen it.
10:14
It sounds nice, it sounds very formal
10:16
and old fashioned.
10:17
Like you'd read in an old book.
10:19
In the question form,
10:21
it doesn't sound right at all.
10:23
Have you yet seen the film?
10:24
No, don't use that.
10:27
Sometimes we use the difference
10:29
between the present perfect
10:31
and the present perfect continuous
10:33
to talk about different kinds
10:34
of results in the present.
10:36
Again, it's much easier
10:37
to see this in an example,
10:39
so I will provide those.
10:41
I've done all of my chores
10:43
so I can come out tonight.
10:45
We use the present perfect
10:46
when the result comes
10:48
from the action being finished.
10:50
I can come out tonight
10:52
because I've finished my chores.
10:55
It's completed.
10:56
I've been doing my chores, so I'm exhausted.
11:00
We use the present perfect continuous
11:02
when the result comes
11:04
from doing the action itself.
11:06
I am exhausted
11:07
from carrying out all of my chores.
11:11
Another example, I've prepared a big dinner,
11:14
so you can come over.
11:15
I've been preparing a big dinner,
11:18
so all of my pans are dirty.
11:20
My pans are dirty as a result of the preparation,
11:23
but you can come over
11:25
because I've finished preparing the dinner.
11:27
In the first example,
11:28
with the present perfect, you can come over,
11:31
because I've finished preparing my dinner.
11:34
In the second example,
11:35
with the present perfect continuous,
11:37
all of my pans are dirty,
11:39
because of the preparation of my dinner,
11:43
the action of doing it.
11:46
Finally, we can use
11:47
the present perfect continuous
11:49
to talk about situations that aren't permanent.
11:52
Things that are not usual.
11:54
I've been sleeping badly.
11:56
I don't normally sleep badly,
11:57
but recently, I've been sleeping badly.
12:00
Normally I buy lunch at the canteen,
12:02
but I've been bringing lunch from home.
12:05
I've been getting up early to work out.
12:08
I don't usually do this,
12:10
but recently, I have been doing this.
12:13
Right, that is the grammar explanation.
12:15
Those are the differences
12:17
between the present perfect
12:18
and the present perfect continuous.
12:21
Now it's time to check your understanding.
12:24
I have created a quiz.
12:26
It's in the PDF I've created
12:27
that covers everything in this lesson.
12:29
I know it's been a complicated lesson,
12:32
so I hope having some notes will help you.
12:34
If you'd like to download it for free,
12:36
just click on the link
12:37
in the description box,
12:38
enter your name and email address.
12:40
You sign up to my mailing list,
12:42
and I send it directly to your inbox.
12:43
And then after that, every week,
12:45
as soon as my lessons and PDFs are available,
12:48
I'll send them straight to you.
12:50
Just a reminder,
12:51
if you want to improve your listening skills
12:53
and your vocabulary skills,
12:55
I have a vlogging channel,
12:56
where I document my daily life
12:58
here on an English farm.
13:00
Every single vlog
13:01
is fully subtitled for your understanding,
13:04
so you can pick up lots of new vocabulary words,
13:07
maybe watch it without subtitles,
13:09
see how much you understand,
13:11
and then review again with subtitles.
13:13
Use them however you wish.
13:15
Don't forget to connect with me on social media.
13:17
I've got my Instagram, which is @Lucy,
13:19
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13:24
where I have a fantastic pronunciation tool.
13:27
I am still very excited by it.
13:30
You can click on words
13:31
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13:33
and hear me say them too.
13:36
Ee, no, er.
13:38
I will see you soon for another lesson.
13:42
Has or have, plus subject, plus B. (laughing)
13:47
I'm struggling here.
13:50
We cannot use the present perfect conditional.
13:53
Conditional, (chuckling) sorry.
13:56
We can use them with sinth.
13:58
Sinth?
13:59
Have I pronounced stative correctly?
14:02
Yeah, stative.
14:03
Look at me, doubting myself.
14:05
It's 'cause I'm scarred
14:06
with people calling me out on the internet.
14:12
(sighing) Okay.
14:20
(upbeat music)
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